1 Samuel 1:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
She was deeply distressed and prayed to the LORD and wept bitterly.

King James Bible
And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto the LORD, and wept sore.

American Standard Version
And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto Jehovah, and wept sore.

Douay-Rheims Bible
As Anna had her heart full of grief, she prayed to the Lord, shedding many tears,

English Revised Version
And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto the LORD, and wept sore.

Webster's Bible Translation
And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed to the LORD, and wept bitterly.

1 Samuel 1:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"And it came to pass, the day, and he offered sacrifice" (for, "on which he offered sacrifice"), that he gave to Peninnah and her children portions of the flesh of the sacrifice at the sacrificial meal; but to Hannah he gave אפּים אחת מגה, "one portion for two persons," i.e., a double portion, because he loved her, but Jehovah had shut up her womb: i.e., he gave it as an expression of his love to her, to indicate by a sign, "thou art as dear to me as if thou hadst born me a child" (O. v. Gerlach). This explanation of the difficult word אפּים, of which very different interpretations have been given, is the one adopted by Tanchum Hieros., and is the only one which can be grammatically sustained, or yields an appropriate sense. The meaning face (facies) is placed beyond all doubt by Genesis 3:19 and other passages; and the use of לאפּי as a synonym for לפני in 1 Samuel 25:23, also establishes the meaning "person," since פּנים is used in this sense in 2 Samuel 17:11. It is true that there are no other passages that can be adduced to prove that the singular אף was also used in this sense; but as the word was employed promiscuously in both singular and plural in the derivative sense of anger, there is no reason for denying that the singular may also have been employed in the sense of face (πρόσωπον). The combination of אפּים with אחת מגה in the absolute state is supported by many other examples of the same kind (see Ewald, 287, h). The meaning double has been correctly adopted in the Syriac, whereas Luther follows the tristis of the Vulgate, and renders the word traurig, or sad. But this meaning, which Fr. Bttcher has lately taken under his protection, cannot be philologically sustained either by the expression פניך נפלוּ (Genesis 4:6), or by Daniel 11:20, or in any other way. אף and אפּים do indeed signify anger, but anger and sadness are two very different ideas. But when Bttcher substitutes "angrily or unwillingly" for sadly, the incongruity strikes you at once: "he gave her a portion unwillingly, because he loved her!" For the custom of singling out a person by giving double or even large portions, see the remarks on Genesis 43:34.

1 Samuel 1:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

in bitterness of soul [heb] bitter of soul

Ruth 1:20 And she said to them, Call me not Naomi, call me Mara: for the Almighty has dealt very bitterly with me.

2 Samuel 17:8 For, said Hushai, you know your father and his men, that they be mighty men, and they be chafed in their minds...

Job 7:11 Therefore I will not refrain my mouth; I will speak in the anguish of my spirit; I will complain in the bitterness of my soul.

Job 9:18 He will not suffer me to take my breath, but fills me with bitterness.

Job 10:1 My soul is weary of my life; I will leave my complaint on myself; I will speak in the bitterness of my soul.

Isaiah 38:15 What shall I say? he has both spoken to me, and himself has done it: I shall go softly all my years in the bitterness of my soul.

Isaiah 54:6 For the LORD has called you as a woman forsaken and grieved in spirit, and a wife of youth, when you were refused, said your God.

Lamentations 3:15 He has filled me with bitterness, he has made me drunken with wormwood.

prayed

Psalm 50:15 And call on me in the day of trouble: I will deliver you, and you shall glorify me.

Psalm 91:15 He shall call on me, and I will answer him: I will be with him in trouble; I will deliver him, and honor him.

Luke 22:44 And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.

Hebrews 5:7 Who in the days of his flesh...

wept sore

Genesis 50:10 And they came to the threshing floor of Atad, which is beyond Jordan, and there they mourned with a great and very sore lamentation...

Judges 21:2 And the people came to the house of God, and stayed there till even before God, and lifted up their voices, and wept sore;

2 Samuel 13:36 And it came to pass, as soon as he had made an end of speaking, that, behold, the king's sons came, and lifted up their voice and wept...

2 Kings 20:3 I beseech you, O LORD, remember now how I have walked before you in truth and with a perfect heart...

Jeremiah 13:17 But if you will not hear it, my soul shall weep in secret places for your pride; and my eye shall weep sore, and run down with tears...

Jeremiah 22:10 Weep you not for the dead, neither bemoan him: but weep sore for him that goes away: for he shall return no more...

Cross References
1 Samuel 1:9
After they had eaten and drunk in Shiloh, Hannah rose. Now Eli the priest was sitting on the seat beside the doorpost of the temple of the LORD.

1 Samuel 1:11
And she vowed a vow and said, "O LORD of hosts, if you will indeed look on the affliction of your servant and remember me and not forget your servant, but will give to your servant a son, then I will give him to the LORD all the days of his life, and no razor shall touch his head."

Proverbs 14:10
The heart knows its own bitterness, and no stranger shares its joy.

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