1 Samuel 20:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And Jonathan said to David, “The LORD, the God of Israel, be witness! When I have sounded out my father, about this time tomorrow, or the third day, behold, if he is well disposed toward David, shall I not then send and disclose it to you?

King James Bible
And Jonathan said unto David, O LORD God of Israel, when I have sounded my father about to morrow any time, or the third day, and, behold, if there be good toward David, and I then send not unto thee, and shew it thee;

American Standard Version
And Jonathan said unto David, Jehovah, the God of Israel, be witness : when I have sounded my father about this time to-morrow, or the third day, behold, if there be good toward David, shall I not then send unto thee, and disclose it unto thee?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Jonathan said to David: O Lord God of Israel, if I shall discover my father's mind, to morrow or the day after, and there be any thing good for David, and I send not immediately to thee, and make it known to thee,

English Revised Version
And Jonathan said unto David, The LORD, the God of Israel, be witness; when I have sounded my father about this time tomorrow, or the third day, behold, if there be good toward David, shall I not then send unto thee, and disclose it unto thee?

Webster's Bible Translation
And Jonathan said to David, O LORD God of Israel, when I have sounded my father about to-morrow any time, or the third day, and behold, if there be good towards David, and I then send not to thee, and show it thee;

1 Samuel 20:12 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"If thy father should miss me, then say, David hath asked permission of me to hasten to Bethlehem, his native town; for there is a yearly sacrifice for the whole family there." This ground of excuse shows that families and households were accustomed to keep united sacrificial feasts once a year. According to the law in Deuteronomy 12:5., they ought to have been kept at the tabernacle; but at this time, when the central sanctuary had fallen into disuse, they were held in different places, wherever there were altars of Jehovah - as, for example, at Bethlehem (cf. 1 Samuel 16:2.). We see from these words that David did not look upon prevarication as a sin.

1 Samuel 20:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

O Lord This verse is evidently deficient. The LXX. had (), `The Lord God of Israel doth know;' the Syraic and Arabic, `The Lord God of Israel is witness;' either of which makes good sense. But two of Dr. Kennicott's MSS supply the word chai, `liveth;' and the text reads thus: `As the Lord God of Israel liveth, when I have sounded my father, --if there be good unto David, and I then send not unto thee,' etc.; which is a still better sense.

Joshua 22:22 The LORD God of gods, the LORD God of gods, he knows, and Israel he shall know; if it be in rebellion...

Job 31:4 Does not he see my ways, and count all my steps?

Psalm 17:3 You have proved my heart; you have visited me in the night; you have tried me, and shall find nothing...

Psalm 139:1-4 O lord, you have searched me, and known me...

sounded [heb] searched

Proverbs 20:5 Counsel in the heart of man is like deep water; but a man of understanding will draw it out.

Proverbs 25:2,3 It is the glory of God to conceal a thing: but the honor of kings is to search out a matter...

shew it thee [heb] uncover thine ear

1 Samuel 20:2 And he said to him, God forbid; you shall not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or small, but that he will show it me...

Cross References
1 Samuel 20:11
And Jonathan said to David, "Come, let us go out into the field." So they both went out into the field.

1 Samuel 20:13
But should it please my father to do you harm, the LORD do so to Jonathan and more also if I do not disclose it to you and send you away, that you may go in safety. May the LORD be with you, as he has been with my father.

1 Samuel 23:18
And the two of them made a covenant before the LORD. David remained at Horesh, and Jonathan went home.

2 Samuel 21:7
But the king spared Mephibosheth, the son of Saul's son Jonathan, because of the oath of the LORD that was between them, between David and Jonathan the son of Saul.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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