1 Samuel 22:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
David departed from there and escaped to the cave of Adullam. And when his brothers and all his father’s house heard it, they went down there to him.

King James Bible
David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him.

American Standard Version
David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave of Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
David therefore went from thence and fled to the cave of Odollam. And when his brethren, and all his father's house had heard of it, they went down to him thither;

English Revised Version
David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave of Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him.

Webster's Bible Translation
David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him.

1 Samuel 22:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

David with Achish at Gath. - David fled from Nob to Achish of Gath. This Philistian king is called Abimelech in the heading of Psalm 34, according to the standing title of the Philistian princes at Gath. The fact that David fled at once out of the land, and that to the Philistines at Gath, may be accounted for from the great agitation into which he had been thrown by the information he had received from Jonathan concerning Saul's implacable hatred. As some years had passed since the defeat of Goliath, and the conqueror of Goliath was probably not personally known to many of the Philistines, he might hope that he should not be recognised in Gath, and that he might receive a welcome there with his few attendants, as a fugitive who had been driven away by Saul, the leading foe of the Philistines.

(Note: This removes the objection raised by modern critics to the historical credibility of the narrative before us, namely, that David would certainly not have taken refuge at once with the Philistines, but would only have gone to them in the utmost extremity (Thenius). It is impossible to see how the words "he fled that day for fear of Saul" (1 Samuel 21:11) are to prove that this section originally stood in a different connection, and are only arbitrarily inserted here (Thenius). Unless we tear away the words in the most arbitrary manner from the foregoing word ויּברח, they not only appear quite suitable, but even necessary, since David's journey to Abimelech was not a flight, or at all events it is not described as a flight in the text; and David's flight from Saul really began with his departure from Nob. Still less can the legendary origin of this account be inferred from the fact that some years afterwards David really did take refuge with Achish in the Philistian country (1 Samuel 27:1-12 and 1 Samuel 29:1-11), or the conjecture sustained that this is only a distorted legend of that occurrence. For if the later sojourn of David with Achish be a historical fact, that popular legend could not possibly have assumed a form so utterly different as the account before us, to say nothing of the fact that this occurrence has a firm historical support in Psalm 34:1.)

But in this he was mistaken. He was recognised at once by the courtiers of Achish. They said to their prince, "Is not this David the king of the land? Have they not sung in circles, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands?" (cf. 1 Samuel 18:6-7). "King of the land" they call David, not because his anointing and divine election were known to them, but on account of his victorious deeds, which had thrown Saul entirely into the shade. Whether they intended by these words to celebrate David as a hero, or to point him out to their prince as a dangerous man, cannot be gathered from the words themselves, nor can the question be decided with certainty at all (cf. 1 Samuel 29:5).

1 Samuel 22:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

David

1 Samuel 21:10-15 And David arose and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath...

Psalm 34:1 I will bless the LORD at all times: his praise shall continually be in my mouth.

Psalm 57:1 Be merciful to me, O God, be merciful to me: for my soul trusts in you: yes, in the shadow of your wings will I make my refuge...

the cave

Joshua 12:15 The king of Libnah, one; the king of Adullam, one;

Joshua 15:35 Jarmuth, and Adullam, Socoh, and Azekah,

2 Samuel 23:13,14 And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time to the cave of Adullam...

1 Chronicles 11:15 Now three of the thirty captains went down to the rock to David, into the cave of Adullam...

Psalm 142:1 I cried to the LORD with my voice; with my voice to the LORD did I make my supplication.

Micah 1:3,15 For, behold, the LORD comes forth out of his place, and will come down, and tread on the high places of the earth...

Hebrews 11:38 (Of whom the world was not worthy:) they wandered in deserts, and in mountains, and in dens and caves of the earth.

Adullam Adullam was a city of Judah; and, according to Eusebius, ten miles (Jerome says eleven) eastward from Eleutheropolis.

Cross References
Genesis 38:1
It happened at that time that Judah went down from his brothers and turned aside to a certain Adullamite, whose name was Hirah.

Joshua 12:15
the king of Libnah, one; the king of Adullam, one;

Joshua 15:35
Jarmuth, Adullam, Socoh, Azekah,

1 Samuel 21:15
Do I lack madmen, that you have brought this fellow to behave as a madman in my presence? Shall this fellow come into my house?"

2 Samuel 23:13
And three of the thirty chief men went down and came about harvest time to David at the cave of Adullam, when a band of Philistines was encamped in the Valley of Rephaim.

Psalm 57:1
Be merciful to me, O God, be merciful to me, for in you my soul takes refuge; in the shadow of your wings I will take refuge, till the storms of destruction pass by.

Psalm 142:1
With my voice I cry out to the LORD; with my voice I plead for mercy to the LORD.

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