1 Samuel 25:39
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
When David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, “Blessed be the LORD who has avenged the insult I received at the hand of Nabal, and has kept back his servant from wrongdoing. The LORD has returned the evil of Nabal on his own head.” Then David sent and spoke to Abigail, to take her as his wife.

King James Bible
And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed be the LORD, that hath pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and hath kept his servant from evil: for the LORD hath returned the wickedness of Nabal upon his own head. And David sent and communed with Abigail, to take her to him to wife.

American Standard Version
And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed be Jehovah, that hath pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and hath kept back his servant from evil: and the evil-doing of Nabal hath Jehovah returned upon his own head. And David sent and spake concerning Abigail, to take her to him to wife.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when David had heard that Nabal was dead, he said: Blessed be the Lord, who hath judged the cause of my reproach at the hand of Nabal, and hath kept his servant from evil, and the Lord hath returned the wickedness of Nabal upon his head. The n David sent and treated with Abigail, that he might take her to himself for a wife.

English Revised Version
And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed be the LORD, that hath pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and hath kept back his servant from evil: and the evil-doing of Nabal hath the LORD returned upon his own head. And David sent and spake concerning Abigail, to take her to him to wife.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed be the LORD, that hath pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and hath kept his servant from evil: for the LORD hath returned the wickedness of Nabal upon his own head. And David sent and communed with Abigail, to take her to himself for a wife.

1 Samuel 25:39 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

These words could not fail to appease David's wrath. In his reply he praised the Lord for having sent Abigail to meet him (1 Samuel 25:32), and then congratulated Abigail upon her understanding and her actions, that she had kept him from bloodshed (1 Samuel 25:33); otherwise he would certainly have carried out the revenge which he had resolved to take upon Nabal (1 Samuel 25:34). ואוּלם is strongly adversative: nevertheless. מהרע, inf. constr. Hiph. of רעע. כּי, ὅτι, introduces the substance of the affirmation, and is repeated before the oath: אם כּי ... לוּלי כּי, (that) if thou hadst not, etc., (that) truly there would not have been left (cf. 2 Samuel 2:27). The very unusual form תּבאתי, an imperfect with the termination of the perfect, might indeed possibly be a copyist's error for תּבאי (Olsh. Gr. pp. 452, 525), but in all probability it is only an intensified form of the second pers. fem. imperf., like תּבואתה (Deuteronomy 33:16; cf. Ewald, 191, c.).

1 Samuel 25:39 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Blessed

1 Samuel 25:32 And David said to Abigail, Blessed be the LORD God of Israel, which sent you this day to meet me:

Judges 5:2 Praise you the LORD for the avenging of Israel, when the people willingly offered themselves.

2 Samuel 22:47-49 The LORD lives; and blessed be my rock; and exalted be the God of the rock of my salvation...

Psalm 58:10,11 The righteous shall rejoice when he sees the vengeance: he shall wash his feet in the blood of the wicked...

Revelation 19:1-4 And after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia; Salvation, and glory, and honor, and power...

pleaded

Proverbs 22:23 For the LORD will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them.

Lamentations 3:58-60 O LORD, you have pleaded the causes of my soul; you have redeemed my life...

Micah 7:9 I will bear the indignation of the LORD, because I have sinned against him, until he plead my cause, and execute judgment for me...

kept his servant

1 Samuel 25:26,34 Now therefore, my lord, as the LORD lives, and as your soul lives, seeing the LORD has withheld you from coming to shed blood...

Hosea 2:6,7 Therefore, behold, I will hedge up your way with thorns, and make a wall, that she shall not find her paths...

2 Corinthians 13:7 Now I pray to God that you do no evil; not that we should appear approved, but that you should do that which is honest...

1 Thessalonians 5:23 And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly...

2 Timothy 4:18 And the Lord shall deliver me from every evil work, and will preserve me to his heavenly kingdom: to whom be glory for ever and ever...

hath returned

2 Samuel 3:28,29 And afterward when David heard it, he said...

1 Kings 2:44 The king said moreover to Shimei, You know all the wickedness which your heart is privy to, that you did to David my father...

Esther 7:10 So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai. Then was the king's wrath pacified.

Psalm 7:16 His mischief shall return on his own head, and his violent dealing shall come down on his own pate.

to take her It is probable that David had heard that Saul, to cut off his pretensions to the throne, had married Michal to Phalti; and this justified him in taking Abigail, it not being then unlawful for a man to have several wives. This conduct of David's corresponds with the manner in which the oriental princes generally form their matrimonial alliances. `The king of Abyssinia,' says Mr. Bruce, `sends an officer to the house where the lady lives, who announces to her that it is the king's pleasure she should remove instantly to the palace. She then dresses herself in the best manner, and immediately obeys. Thenceforward he assigns her an apartment in the palace, and gives her a house in any part she chooses.'

Proverbs 18:22 Whoever finds a wife finds a good thing, and obtains favor of the LORD.

Proverbs 19:14 House and riches are the inheritance of fathers: and a prudent wife is from the LORD.

Proverbs 31:10,30 Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price is far above rubies...

Cross References
1 Samuel 24:15
May the LORD therefore be judge and give sentence between me and you, and see to it and plead my cause and deliver me from your hand."

1 Samuel 25:26
Now then, my lord, as the LORD lives, and as your soul lives, because the LORD has restrained you from bloodguilt and from saving with your own hand, now then let your enemies and those who seek to do evil to my lord be as Nabal.

1 Samuel 25:34
For as surely as the LORD, the God of Israel, lives, who has restrained me from hurting you, unless you had hurried and come to meet me, truly by morning there had not been left to Nabal so much as one male."

1 Samuel 25:40
When the servants of David came to Abigail at Carmel, they said to her, "David has sent us to you to take you to him as his wife."

2 Samuel 22:48
the God who gave me vengeance and brought down peoples under me,

1 Kings 2:44
The king also said to Shimei, "You know in your own heart all the harm that you did to David my father. So the LORD will bring back your harm on your own head.

Proverbs 22:23
for the LORD will plead their cause and rob of life those who rob them.

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