1 Samuel 31:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The battle pressed hard against Saul, and the archers found him, and he was badly wounded by the archers.

King James Bible
And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers.

American Standard Version
And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers overtook him; and he was greatly distressed by reason of the archers.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the whole weight of the battle was turned upon Saul: and the archers overtook him, and he was grievously wounded by the archers.

English Revised Version
And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers overtook him; and he was greatly distressed by reason of the archers.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the battle was severe against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was severely wounded by the archers.

1 Samuel 31:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

When David returned to Ziklag, he sent portions of the booty to the elders of Judah, to his friends, with this message: "Behold, here ye have a blessing of the booty of the enemies of Jehovah" (which we took from the enemies of Jehovah); and this he did, according to 1 Samuel 30:31, to all the places in which he had wandered with his men, i.e., where he had wandered about during his flight from Saul, and in which he had no doubt received assistance. Sending these gifts could not fail to make the elders of these cities well disposed towards him, and so to facilitate his recognition as king after the death of Saul, which occurred immediately afterwards. Some of these places may have been plundered by the Amalekites, since they had invaded the Negeb of Judah (1 Samuel 30:14). The cities referred to were Bethel, - not the Bethel so often mentioned, the present Beitin, in the tribe of Benjamin, but Betheul (1 Chronicles 4:30) or Bethul, in the tribe of Simeon (Joshua 19:4), which Knobel supposes to be Elusa or el Khalasa (see at Joshua 15:30). The reading Βαιθσούρ in the lxx is a worthless conjecture. Ramah of the south, which was allotted to the tribe of Simeon, has not yet been discovered (see at Joshua 19:8). Jattir has been preserved in the ruins of Attir, on the southern portion of the Mountains of Judah (see at Joshua 15:48). Aror is still to be seen in ruins, viz., in the foundations of walls built in enormous stones in Wady Arara, where there are many cavities for holding water, about three hours E.S.E. of Bersaba, and twenty miles to the south of Hebron (vid., Rob. Pal. ii. p. 620, and v. de Velde, Mem. p. 288). Siphmoth (or Shiphmoth, according to several MSS) is altogether unknown. It may probably be referred to again in 1 Chronicles 27:27, where Zabdi is called the Shiphmite; but it is certainly not to be identified with Sepham, on the north-east of the sea of Galilee (Numbers 34:10-11), as Thenius supposes. Eshtemoa has been preserved in the village of Semua, with ancient ruins, on the south-western portion of the mountains of Judah (see at Joshua 15:50). Racal is never mentioned again, and is entirely unknown. The lxx have five different names instead of this, the last being Carmel, into which Thenius proposes to alter Racal. But this can hardly be done with propriety, as the lxx also introduced the Philistian Gath, which certainly does not belong here; whilst in 1 Samuel 30:30 they have totally different names, some of which are decidedly wrong. The cities of the Jerahmeelites and Kenites were situated in the Negeb of Judah (1 Samuel 27:10), but their names cannot be traced.

1 Samuel 31:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

went sore

2 Samuel 1:4 And David said to him, How went the matter? I pray you, tell me. And he answered, That the people are fled from the battle...

Amos 2:14 Therefore the flight shall perish from the swift, and the strong shall not strengthen his force...

archers hit him [heb] shooters, men with bows, found him

Genesis 49:23 The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot at him, and hated him:

1 Kings 22:34 And a certain man drew a bow at a venture, and smote the king of Israel between the joints of the harness...

Cross References
2 Samuel 1:6
And the young man who told him said, "By chance I happened to be on Mount Gilboa, and there was Saul leaning on his spear, and behold, the chariots and the horsemen were close upon him.

2 Samuel 21:12
David went and took the bones of Saul and the bones of his son Jonathan from the men of Jabesh-gilead, who had stolen them from the public square of Beth-shan, where the Philistines had hanged them, on the day the Philistines killed Saul on Gilboa.

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Anguish Archers Badly Battle Bow Distressed Fierce Fight Fighting Find Found Great Greatly Grew Hard Heavily Hit Overtook Pained Pressed Reason Saul Severe Severely Sore Wounded
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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