1 Timothy 5:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Do not rebuke an older man but encourage him as you would a father, younger men as brothers,

King James Bible
Rebuke not an elder, but intreat him as a father; and the younger men as brethren;

American Standard Version
Rebuke not an elder, but exhort him as a father; the younger men as brethren:

Douay-Rheims Bible
An ancient man rebuke not, but entreat him as a father: young men, as brethren:

English Revised Version
Rebuke not an elder, but exhort him as a father; the younger men as brethren:

Webster's Bible Translation
Rebuke not an elder, but entreat him as a father; and the younger men as brethren;

Weymouth New Testament
Never administer a sharp reprimand to a man older than yourself; but entreat him as if he were your father, and the younger men as brothers;

1 Timothy 5:1 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Rebuke not an elder (πρεσβυτέρῳ μὴ ἐπιπλήξῃς)

The verb N.T.o. olxx. originally to lay on blows; hence to castigate with words. Πρεσβύτερος elder, oP., but frequent in Gospels, Acts, and Revelation. Modern critical opinion has largely abandoned the view that the original Christian polity was an imitation of that of the Synagogue. The secular and religious authorities of the Jewish communities, at least in purely Jewish localities, were the same; a fact which is against the probability that the polity was directly transferred to the Christian church. The prerogatives of the Jewish elders have nothing corresponding with them in extent in the Christian community. Functions which emerge later in the Jewish-Christian communities of Palestine do not exist in the first Palestinian-Christian society. At the most, as Weizscker observes, it could only be a question of borrowing a current name.

Modern criticism compels us, I think, to abandon the view of the identity of Bishop and Presbyter which has obtained such wide acceptance, especially among English scholars, through the discussions of Lightfoot and Hatch. The testimony of Clement of Rome (Ep. ad Corinth.) goes to show that the Bishops (ἡγούμενοι or προηγούμενοι) are distinguished from the Presbyters, and that if the Bishops are apparently designated as Presbyters, it is, because they have been chosen from the body of Presbyters, and have retained the name even when they have ceased to hold office. for this reason deceased Bishops are called Presbyters. In Clement, Presbyters signify a class or estate - members of long standing and approved character, and not office-bearers regularly appointed. Among these the Bishops are to be sought. Bishops are reckoned as Presbyters, not because the Presbyter as such is a Bishop, but because the Bishop as such is a Presbyter. In the Pastorals, Bishops and Deacons are associated without mention of Presbyters (1 Timothy 3:1-13). Presbyters are referred to in 1 Timothy 5:17-19, but in an entirely different connection. The qualifications of Bishops and Deacons are detailed in the former passage, and the list of qualifications concludes with the statement that this is the ordering of the church as the house of God (1 Timothy 5:14, 1 Timothy 5:15). The offices are exhausted in the description of Bishops and Deacons. Nothing is said of Presbyters until ch. 5, where Timothy's relations to individual church-members are prescribed; and in Titus 2:2 ff. these members are classified as old men (πρεσβύτας) old women, young men, and servants. In 1 Timothy 5:17 are mentioned elders who rule well (οἱ καλῶς προεστῶτες πρεσβύτεροι). Assuming that Presbyters and Bishops were identical, a distinction would thus be implied between two classes of Bishops - those who rule well and those who do not: where as the distinction is obviously between old and honored church-members, collectively considered, forming the presbyterial body, and certain of their number who show their qualifications for appointment as overseers. Presbyters as such are not invested with office. There is no formal act constituting a Presbyter. The Bishops are reckoned among the Elders, but the elders as such are not officers.

Thus are to be explained the allusions to appointed Elders, Titus 1:5; Acts 14:23. Elders are to be appointed as overseers or Bishops, for the overseers must have the qualifications of approved Presbyters. The ordination of Presbyters is the setting apart of Elders to the position of Superintendents. The Presbyterate denotes an honorable and influential estate in the church on the ground of age, duration of church membership, and approved character. Only Bishops are appointed. There is no appointment to the Presbyterate. At the close of Clement's letter to the Corinthians, the qualifications of a Presbyter are indicated in the description of the three commissioners from the Roman church who are the bearers of the letter, and to whom no official title is given. They are old, members of the Roman church from youth, blameless in life, believing, and sober.

1 Timothy 5:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Rebuke.

1 Timothy 5:19,20 Against an elder receive not an accusation, but before two or three witnesses...

Leviticus 19:32 You shall rise up before the hoary head, and honor the face of the old man, and fear your God: I am the LORD.

Deuteronomy 33:9 Who said to his father and to his mother, I have not seen him; neither did he acknowledge his brothers, nor knew his own children...

Galatians 2:11-14 But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed...

an elder.

1 Timothy 5:17 Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honor, especially they who labor in the word and doctrine.

Acts 14:23 And when they had ordained them elders in every church, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord...

Acts 15:4,6 And when they were come to Jerusalem, they were received of the church, and of the apostles and elders...

Acts 20:17 And from Miletus he sent to Ephesus, and called the elders of the church.

Titus 1:5,6 For this cause left I you in Crete, that you should set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain elders in every city...

James 5:14 Is any sick among you? let him call for the elders of the church; and let them pray over him...

1 Peter 5:1 The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ...

2 John 1:1 The elder to the elect lady and her children, whom I love in the truth; and not I only, but also all they that have known the truth;

3 John 1:1 The elder to the well beloved Gaius, whom I love in the truth.

Revelation 4:4 And round about the throne were four and twenty seats: and on the seats I saw four and twenty elders sitting, clothed in white raiment...

intreat.

Romans 13:7 Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honor to whom honor.

Galatians 6:1 Brothers, if a man be overtaken in a fault, you which are spiritual, restore such an one in the spirit of meekness...

2 Timothy 2:24,25 And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle to all men, apt to teach, patient...

Philemon 1:9,10 Yet for love's sake I rather beseech you, being such an one as Paul the aged, and now also a prisoner of Jesus Christ...

James 3:17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be entreated, full of mercy and good fruits...

1 Peter 5:5,6 Likewise, you younger, submit yourselves to the elder. Yes, all of you be subject one to another, and be clothed with humility...

as brethren.

Matthew 18:15-17 Moreover if your brother shall trespass against you, go and tell him his fault between you and him alone: if he shall hear you...

Matthew 23:8 But be not you called Rabbi: for one is your Master, even Christ; and all you are brothers.

Cross References
Leviticus 19:32
"You shall stand up before the gray head and honor the face of an old man, and you shall fear your God: I am the LORD.

1 Timothy 5:2
older women as mothers, younger women as sisters, in all purity.

Titus 2:2
Older men are to be sober-minded, dignified, self-controlled, sound in faith, in love, and in steadfastness.

Titus 2:6
Likewise, urge the younger men to be self-controlled.

1 Peter 5:5
Likewise, you who are younger, be subject to the elders. Clothe yourselves, all of you, with humility toward one another, for "God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble."

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