1 Timothy 5:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
and so incur condemnation for having abandoned their former faith.

King James Bible
Having damnation, because they have cast off their first faith.

American Standard Version
having condemnation, because they have rejected their first pledge.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Having damnation, because they have made void their first faith.

English Revised Version
having condemnation, because they have rejected their first faith.

Webster's Bible Translation
Having damnation, because they have cast off their first faith.

Weymouth New Testament
and they incur disapproval for having broken their original vow.

1 Timothy 5:12 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Having damnation (ἔχουσαι κρίμα)

The phrase only here. See on 1 Timothy 3:6. Damnation is an unfortunate rendering in the light of the present common understanding of the word, as it is also in 1 Corinthians 11:29. Better, judgment or condemnation, as Romans 3:8; Romans 13:2. The meaning is that they carry about with them in their new, married life a condemnation, a continuous reproach. Comp. 1 Timothy 4:2; Galatians 5:10. It should be said for the translators of 1611 that they used damnation in this sense of, judgment or condemnation, as is shown by the present participle having. In its earlier usage the word implied no allusion to a future punishment. Thus Chaucer

"For wel thou woost (knowest) thyselven verraily

That thou and I be dampned to prisoun."

Knight's T. 1175.

Wiclif: "Nethir thou dredist God, that thou art in the same dampnacioun?" Luke 23:40. Laud.: "Pope Alexander III. condemned Peter Lombard of heresy, and he lay under that damnation for thirty and six years." "A legacy by damnation" was one in which the testator imposed on his heir an obligation to give the legatee the thing bequeathed, and which afforded the legatee a personal claim against the heir.

They have cast off their first faith (τὴν πρώτην πίστιν ἠθέτησαν)

Ἁθετεῖν is to set aside, do away with, reject or slight. See Mark 6:26; Luke 10:16; Hebrews 10:28. Often in lxx. Πίστιν is pledge: so frequently in Class. with give and receive. See, for instance, Plato, Phaedr. 256 D. In lxx, 3 Macc. 3:10. The phrase πίστιν ἀθετεῖν N.T.o. olxx. There are, however, a number of expressions closely akin to it, as Galatians 3:15, διαθήκην ἀθετεῖν to render a covenant void. In lxx with oath, 2 Chronicles 36:13. Psalm 14:4: "He that sweareth to his neighbor καὶ οὐκ ἀθετῶν." Psalm 88:34; Psalm 131:11; 1 Macc. 6:62. The meaning here is, having broken their first pledge; and this may refer to a pledge to devote themselves, after they became widows, to the service of Christ and the church. The whole matter is obscure.

1 Timothy 5:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

damnation.

1 Corinthians 11:34 And if any man hunger, let him eat at home; that you come not together to condemnation. And the rest will I set in order when I come.

James 3:1 My brothers, be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation.

1 Peter 4:17 For the time is come that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if it first begin at us...

*Gr:

their.

Galatians 1:6 I marvel that you are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ to another gospel:

Revelation 2:4,5 Nevertheless I have somewhat against you, because you have left your first love...

Cross References
1 Timothy 5:11
But refuse to enroll younger widows, for when their passions draw them away from Christ, they desire to marry

1 Timothy 5:13
Besides that, they learn to be idlers, going about from house to house, and not only idlers, but also gossips and busybodies, saying what they should not.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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