2 Chronicles 15:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
but that whoever would not seek the LORD, the God of Israel, should be put to death, whether young or old, man or woman.

King James Bible
That whosoever would not seek the LORD God of Israel should be put to death, whether small or great, whether man or woman.

American Standard Version
and that whosoever would not seek Jehovah, the God of Israel, should be put to death, whether small or great, whether man or woman.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And if any one, said he, seek not the Lord the God of Israel, let him die, whether little or great, man or woman.

English Revised Version
and that whosoever would not seek the LORD, the God of Israel, should be put to death, whether small or great, whether man or woman.

Webster's Bible Translation
That whoever would not seek the LORD God of Israel should be put to death, whether small or great, whether man or woman.

2 Chronicles 15:13 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"And one people is dashed in pieces by the other, and one city by the other; for God confounds them by all manner of adversity." המם denotes confusion, which God brings about in order to destroy His enemies (Exodus 14:24; Joshua 10:10; Judges 4:15). Days when they were without the true God, without teaching prophets, and without law, Israel had already experienced in the times of defection after Joshua (cf. Judges 2:11.), but will experience them in the future still oftener and more enduringly under the idolatrous kings in the Assyrian and Babylonian exile, and still even now in its dispersion among all nations. That this saying refers to the future is also suggested by the fact that Hosea (Hosea 3:4) utters, with a manifest reference to 2 Chronicles 15:3 of our speech, a threat that the ten tribes will be brought into a similar condition (cf. Hosea 9:3-4); and even Moses proclaimed to the people that the punishment of defection from the Lord would be dispersion among the heathen, where Israel would be compelled to serve idols of wood and stone (Deuteronomy 4:27., Deuteronomy 28:36, Deuteronomy 28:64), i.e., would be without the true God. That Israel would, in such oppression, turn to its God, would seek Him, and that the Lord would be found of them, is a thought also expressed by Moses, the truth of which Israel had not only had repeated experience of during the time of the judges, but also would again often experience in the future (cf. Hosea 3:5; Jeremiah 31:1; Ezekiel 36:24.; Romans 11:25.). בּצּר־לו refers back to Deuteronomy 4:30; the expression in 2 Chronicles 15:4 is founded upon Deuteronomy 4:29 (cf. Isaiah 55:6). - Of the oppression in the times of defection portrayed in 2 Chronicles 15:5., Israel had also had in the time of the judges repeated experience (cf. Judges 5:6), most of all under the Midianite yoke (Judges 6:2); but such times often returned, as the employment of the very words of the first hemistich of 2 Chronicles 15:5 in Zechariah 8:10, in reference to the events of the post-exilic time, shows; and not only the prophet Amos (Amos 3:9) sees רבּות מהוּמות, great confusions, where all is in an indistinguishable whirl in the Samaria of his time, but they repeated themselves at all times when the defection prevailed, and godlessness degenerated into revolution and civil war. Azariah portrays the terrors of such times in strong colours (2 Chronicles 15:6): "Dashed to pieces is people by people, and city by city." The war of the tribes of Israel against Benjamin (Judges 20:.), and the struggle of the Gileadites under Jephthah with Ephraim (Judges 12:4.), were civil wars; but they were only mild preludes of the bellum omnium contra omnes depicted by Azariah, which only commenced with the dissolution of both kingdoms, and was announced by the later prophets as the beginning of the judgment upon rebellious Israel (e.g., Isaiah 9:17-20), and upon all peoples and kingdoms hostile to God (Zechariah 14:13; Matthew 24:7). With הממם אלהים כּי cf. רבּה יי מהוּמת, Zechariah 14:13. To this portrayal of the dread results of defection from the Lord, Azariah adds (2 Chronicles 15:7) the exhortation, "Be ye strong (vigorous), and show yourselves not slack, languid" (cf. Zephaniah 3:16; Nehemiah 6:9); i.e., in this connection, proceed courageously and vigorously to keep yourselves true to the Lord, to exterminate all idolatry; then you shall obtain a great reward: cf. on these words, Jeremiah 31:16.

2 Chronicles 15:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Exodus 22:20 He that sacrifices to any god, save to the LORD only, he shall be utterly destroyed.

Deuteronomy 13:5-15 And that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams, shall be put to death; because he has spoken to turn you away from the LORD your God...

Deuteronomy 17:2-5 If there be found among you, within any of your gates which the LORD your God gives you, man or woman...

1 Kings 18:40 And Elijah said to them, Take the prophets of Baal; let not one of them escape. And they took them...

whether small

Genesis 19:11 And they smote the men that were at the door of the house with blindness, both small and great...

Exodus 12:29 And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt...

Deuteronomy 29:18 Lest there should be among you man, or woman, or family, or tribe, whose heart turns away this day from the LORD our God...

Job 34:19 How much less to him that accepts not the persons of princes, nor regards the rich more than the poor?...

Psalm 115:13 He will bless them that fear the LORD, both small and great.

Acts 26:22 Having therefore obtained help of God, I continue to this day, witnessing both to small and great...

Revelation 6:15 And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every slave...

Revelation 20:12 And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened...

Cross References
Exodus 22:20
"Whoever sacrifices to any god, other than the LORD alone, shall be devoted to destruction.

Deuteronomy 13:6
"If your brother, the son of your mother, or your son or your daughter or the wife you embrace or your friend who is as your own soul entices you secretly, saying, 'Let us go and serve other gods,' which neither you nor your fathers have known,

2 Chronicles 15:14
They swore an oath to the LORD with a loud voice and with shouting and with trumpets and with horns.

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