2 Chronicles 3:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
In the Most Holy Place he made two cherubim of wood and overlaid them with gold.

King James Bible
And in the most holy house he made two cherubims of image work, and overlaid them with gold.

American Standard Version
And in the most holy house he made two cherubim of image work; and they overlaid them with gold.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He made also in the house of the holy of holies two cherubims of image work: and he overlaid them with gold.

English Revised Version
And in the most holy house he made two cherubim of image work; and they overlaid them with gold.

Webster's Bible Translation
And in the most holy house he made two cherubim of image work, and overlaid them with gold.

2 Chronicles 3:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The porch and the interior of the holy place. - 2 Chronicles 3:4. The porch which was before (i.e., in front of) the length (of the house), was twenty cubits before the breadth of the house, i.e., was as broad as the house. So understood, the words give an intelligible sense. הארך with the article refers back to הארך in 2 Chronicles 3:3 (the length of the house), and על־פּני in the two defining clauses means "in front;" but in the first clause it is "lying in front of the house," i.e., built in front; in the second it is "measured across the front of the breadth of the house."

(Note: There is consequently no need to alter the text according to 1 Kings 6:3, from which passage Berth. would interpolate the words פּניו על רחבּו בּאמּה ר עשׂר הבּית between על־פּני and הארך, and thereby get the signification: "and the porch which is before the house, ten cubits is its breadth before the same, and the length which is before the breadth twenty cubits." But this conjecture is neither necessary nor probable. It is not necessary, for (1) the present text gives an intelligible sense; (2) the assertion that the length and breadth of the porch must be stated cannot be justified, if for no other reason, for this, that even of the main buildings all three dimensions are not given, only two being stated, and that it was not the purpose of the author of the Chronicle to give an architecturally complete statement, his main anxiety being to supply a general idea of the splendour of the temple. It is not probable; because the chronicler, if he had followed 1 Kings 6:3, would not have written על־פּניו, but הבּית על־פּני, and instead of הארך would have written וערכּי, to correspond with רחבּו.)

There is certainly either a corruption of the text, or a wrong number in the statement of the height of the porch, 120 cubits; for a front 120 cubits high to a house only thirty cubits high could not be called אוּלם; it would have been a מגדּל, a tower. It cannot with certainty be determined whether we should read twenty or thirty cubits; see in 1 Kings 6:3. He overlaid it (the porch) with pure gold; cf. 1 Kings 6:21.

2 Chronicles 3:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

two cherubims

1 Kings 6:23-28 And within the oracle he made two cherubim of olive tree, each ten cubits high...

image work. or, as some think, of movable work.

Cross References
Exodus 25:18
And you shall make two cherubim of gold; of hammered work shall you make them, on the two ends of the mercy seat.

1 Kings 6:23
In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim of olivewood, each ten cubits high.

2 Chronicles 3:11
The wings of the cherubim together extended twenty cubits: one wing of the one, of five cubits, touched the wall of the house, and its other wing, of five cubits, touched the wing of the other cherub;

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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