2 Corinthians 10:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
We destroy arguments and every lofty opinion raised against the knowledge of God, and take every thought captive to obey Christ,

King James Bible
Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ;

American Standard Version
casting down imaginations, and every high thing that is exalted against the knowledge of God, and bringing every thought into captivity to the obedience of Christ;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And every height that exhalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every understanding unto the obedience of Christ;

English Revised Version
casting down imaginations, and every high thing that is exalted against the knowledge of God, and bringing every thought into captivity to the obedience of Christ;

Webster's Bible Translation
Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ;

Weymouth New Testament
For we overthrow arrogant 'reckonings,' and every stronghold that towers high in defiance of the knowledge of God, and we carry off every thought as if into slavery--into subjection to Christ;

2 Corinthians 10:5 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Casting down (καθαιροῦντες)

Not the weapons, but we: we war, casting down, etc.

High thing (ὕψωμα)

Only here and Romans 8:39. Falling in with the metaphor of strongholds. High military works thrown up, or lofty natural fastnesses with their battlements of rock. The word is also used in the Septuagint and Apocrypha of mental elevation, as Job 24:24, where the Septuagint reads "his haughtiness hath harmed many."

Exalteth itself (ἐπαιρόμενον)

Rev., is exalted. Aeschylus uses a similar metaphor in Atossa's dream of the two women whom Xerxes yoked to his chariot: "And the one towered (ἐπουργοῦτο) loftily in these trappings" ("Persae," 190).

Bringing into captivity (αἰχμαλωτίζοντες)

Or leading away captive. The military metaphor is continued; the leading away of the captives after the storming of the stronghold. See on captives, Luke 4:18. The campaign against the Cilician pirates resulted in the reduction of a hundred and twenty strongholds and the capture of more than ten thousand prisoners.

Thought (νόημα)

See on 2 Corinthians 3:14.

To the obedience of Christ

In pursuance of the metaphor. The obedience is the new stronghold into which the captives are led. This is indicated by the preposition εἰς into or unto.

2 Corinthians 10:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

down.

Luke 1:51 He has showed strength with his arm; he has scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts.

Acts 4:25,26 Who by the mouth of your servant David have said, Why did the heathen rage, and the people imagine vain things...

Romans 1:21 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations...

1 Corinthians 1:19,27-29 For it is written, I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent...

1 Corinthians 3:19 For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. For it is written, He takes the wise in their own craftiness.

imaginations. or, reasonings. and every.

Exodus 5:2 And Pharaoh said, Who is the LORD, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not the LORD, neither will I let Israel go.

Exodus 9:16,17 And in very deed for this cause have I raised you up, for to show in you my power...

2 Kings 19:22,28 Whom have you reproached and blasphemed? and against whom have you exalted your voice, and lifted up your eyes on high...

Psalm 18:27 For you will save the afflicted people; but will bring down high looks.

Job 40:11,12 Cast abroad the rage of your wrath: and behold every one that is proud, and abase him...

Job 42:6 Why I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes.

Psalm 10:4 The wicked, through the pride of his countenance, will not seek after God: God is not in all his thoughts.

Isaiah 2:11,12,17 The lofty looks of man shall be humbled, and the haughtiness of men shall be bowed down...

Isaiah 60:14 The sons also of them that afflicted you shall come bending to you...

Ezekiel 17:24 And all the trees of the field shall know that I the LORD have brought down the high tree, have exalted the low tree...

Daniel 4:37 Now I Nebuchadnezzar praise and extol and honor the King of heaven, all whose works are truth, and his ways judgment...

Daniel 5:23-30 But have lifted up yourself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before you, and you...

Acts 9:4-6 And he fell to the earth, and heard a voice saying to him, Saul, Saul, why persecute you me...

Philippians 3:4-9 Though I might also have confidence in the flesh. If any other man thinks that he has whereof he might trust in the flesh, I more...

2 Thessalonians 2:4,8 Who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sits in the temple of God...

bringing.

Matthew 11:29,30 Take my yoke on you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and you shall find rest to your souls...

Romans 7:23 But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind...

every thought.

Genesis 8:21 And the LORD smelled a sweet smell; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake...

Deuteronomy 15:9 Beware that there be not a thought in your wicked heart, saying, The seventh year, the year of release, is at hand...

Psalm 139:2 You know my sitting down and my rising up, you understand my thought afar off.

Proverbs 15:26 The thoughts of the wicked are an abomination to the LORD: but the words of the pure are pleasant words.

Proverbs 24:9 The thought of foolishness is sin: and the scorner is an abomination to men.

Isaiah 55:7 Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return to the LORD, and he will have mercy on him...

Isaiah 59:7 Their feet run to evil, and they make haste to shed innocent blood: their thoughts are thoughts of iniquity...

Jeremiah 4:14 O Jerusalem, wash your heart from wickedness, that you may be saved. How long shall your vain thoughts lodge within you?

Matthew 15:19 For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies:

Hebrews 4:12 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any two edged sword...

the obedience.

Psalm 18:44 As soon as they hear of me, they shall obey me: the strangers shall submit themselves to me.

Psalm 110:2,3 The LORD shall send the rod of your strength out of Zion: rule you in the middle of your enemies...

Romans 1:5 By whom we have received grace and apostleship, for obedience to the faith among all nations, for his name:

Romans 16:26 But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God...

Hebrews 5:9 And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation to all them that obey him;

1 Peter 1:2,14,15,22 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit...

Cross References
Isaiah 2:11
The haughty looks of man shall be brought low, and the lofty pride of men shall be humbled, and the LORD alone will be exalted in that day.

Jeremiah 23:29
Is not my word like fire, declares the LORD, and like a hammer that breaks the rock in pieces?

2 Corinthians 9:13
By their approval of this service, they will glorify God because of your submission that comes from your confession of the gospel of Christ, and the generosity of your contribution for them and for all others,

2 Corinthians 11:20
For you bear it if someone makes slaves of you, or devours you, or takes advantage of you, or puts on airs, or strikes you in the face.

Philippians 4:7
And the peace of God, which surpasses all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus.

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