2 Kings 17:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
They set up for themselves pillars and Asherim on every high hill and under every green tree,

King James Bible
And they set them up images and groves in every high hill, and under every green tree:

American Standard Version
and they set them up pillars and Asherim upon every high hill, and under every green tree;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they made them statues and groves on every high hill, and under every shady tree:

English Revised Version
and they set them up pillars and Asherim upon every high hill, and under every green tree:

Webster's Bible Translation
And they set up for themselves images and groves on every high hill, and under every green tree:

2 Kings 17:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The king of Assyria found a conspiracy in Hoshea; for he had sent messengers to So the king of Egypt, and did not pay the tribute to the king of Assyria, as year by year. The Egyptian king סוא, So, possibly to be pronounced סוה, Seveh, is no doubt one of the two Shebeks of the twenty-fifth dynasty, belonging to the Ethiopian tribe; but whether he was the second king of this dynasty, Sbtk (Brugsch, hist. d'Egypte, i. p. 244), the Sevechus of Manetho, who is said to have ascended the throne, according to Wilkinson, in the year 728, as Vitringa (Isa. ii. p. 318), Gesenius, Ewald, and others suppose, or the first king of this Ethiopian dynasty, Sabako the father of Sevechus, which is the opinion of Usher and Marsham, whom M. v. Niebuhr (Gesch. pp. 458ff. and 463) and M. Duncker (i. p. 693) have followed in recent times, cannot possibly be decided in the present state of Egyptological research.

(Note: It is true that M. Duncker says, "Synchronism gives Sabakon, who reigned from 726 to 714;" but he observes in the note at pp. 713ff. that the Egyptian chronology has only been firmly established as far back as the commencement of the reign of Psammetichus at the beginning of the year 664 b.c., that the length of the preceding dodekarchy is differently given by Diodorus Sic. and Manetho, and that the date at which Tarakos (Tirhaka), who succeeded Sevechus, ascended the throne is so very differently defined, that it is impossible for the present to come to any certain conclusion on the matter. Compare with this what M. v. Niebuhr (pp. 458ff.) adduces in proof of the difficulty of determining the commencement and length of the reign of Tirhaka, and the manner in which he proposes to solve the difficulties that arise from this in relation to the synchronism between the Egyptian and the Biblical chronology.)

- As soon as Salmanasar received intelligence of the conduct of Hoshea, which is called קשׁר, conspiracy, as being rebellion against his acknowledged superior, he had him arrested and put into prison in chains, and then overran the whole land, advanced against Samaria and besieged that city for three years, and captured it in the ninth year of Hoshea. These words are not to be understood as signifying that Hoshea had been taken prisoner before the siege of Samaria and thrown into prison, because in that case it is impossible to see how Salmanasar could have obtained possession of his person.

(Note: The supposition of the older commentators, that Hoshea fought a battle with Salmanasar before the siege of Samaria, and was taken prisoner in that battle, is not only very improbable, because this would hardly be passed over in our account, but has very little probability in itself. For "it is more probable that Hoshea betook himself to Samaria when threatened by the hostile army, and relied upon the help of the Egyptians, than that he went to meet Salmanasar and fought with him in the open field" (Maurer). There is still less probability in Ewald's view (Gesch. iii. p. 611), that "Salmanasar marched with unexpected rapidity against Hoshea, summoned him before him that he might hear his defence, and then, when he came, took him prisoner, and threw him into prison in chains, probably into a prison on the border of the land;" to which he adds this explanatory remark: "there is no other way in which we can understand the brief words in 2 Kings 17:4 as compared with 2 Kings 18:9-11... For if Hoshea had defended himself to the utmost, Salmanasar would not have had him arrested and incarcerated afterwards, but would have put him to death at once, as was the case with the king of Damascus." But Hoshea would certainly not have been so infatuated, after breaking away from Assyria and forming an alliance with So of Egypt, as to go at a simple summons from Salmanasar and present himself before him, since he could certainly have expected nothing but death or imprisonment as the result.)

We must rather assume, as many commentators have done, from R. Levi ben Gersom down to Maurer and Thenius, that it was not till the conquest of his capital Samaria that Hoshea fell into the hands of the Assyrians and was cast into a prison; so that the explanation to be given to the introduction of this circumstance before the siege and conquest of Samaria must be, that the historian first of all related the eventual result of Hoshea's rebellion against Salmanasar so far as Hoshea himself was concerned, and then proceeded to describe in greater detail the course of the affair in relation to his kingdom and capital. This does not necessitate our giving to the word ויּעצרהוּ the meaning "he assigned him a limit" (Thenius); but we may adhere to the meaning which has been philologically established, namely, arrest or incarcerate (Jeremiah 33:1; Jeremiah 36:5, etc.). ויּעל may be given thus: "he overran, that is to say, the entire land." The three years of the siege of Samaria were not full years, for, according to 2 Kings 18:9-10, it began in the seventh year of Hoshea, and the city was taken in the ninth year, although it is also given there as three years.

2 Kings 17:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

they set

2 Kings 16:4 And he sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places, and on the hills, and under every green tree.

Exodus 34:13 But you shall destroy their altars, break their images, and cut down their groves:

Leviticus 26:1 You shall make you no idols nor graven image, neither raise you up a standing image...

1 Kings 14:23 For they also built them high places, and images, and groves, on every high hill, and under every green tree.

Isaiah 57:5 Enflaming yourselves with idols under every green tree, slaying the children in the valleys under the clefts of the rocks?

images [heb] statues
groves

Deuteronomy 16:21 You shall not plant you a grove of any trees near to the altar of the LORD your God, which you shall make you.

Micah 5:14 And I will pluck up your groves out of the middle of you: so will I destroy your cities.

in every

2 Kings 16:4 And he sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places, and on the hills, and under every green tree.

1 Kings 14:23 For they also built them high places, and images, and groves, on every high hill, and under every green tree.

Deuteronomy 12:2,3 You shall utterly destroy all the places, wherein the nations which you shall possess served their gods, on the high mountains...

Cross References
Exodus 34:12
Take care, lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land to which you go, lest it become a snare in your midst.

Exodus 34:13
You shall tear down their altars and break their pillars and cut down their Asherim

Deuteronomy 12:2
You shall surely destroy all the places where the nations whom you shall dispossess served their gods, on the high mountains and on the hills and under every green tree.

1 Kings 14:23
For they also built for themselves high places and pillars and Asherim on every high hill and under every green tree,

2 Kings 17:11
and there they made offerings on all the high places, as the nations did whom the LORD carried away before them. And they did wicked things, provoking the LORD to anger,

Micah 5:14
and I will root out your Asherah images from among you and destroy your cities.

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