2 Kings 3:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Then the king of Israel said, “Alas! The LORD has called these three kings to give them into the hand of Moab.”

King James Bible
And the king of Israel said, Alas! that the LORD hath called these three kings together, to deliver them into the hand of Moab!

American Standard Version
And the king of Israel said, Alas! for Jehovah hath called these three kings together to deliver them into the hand of Moab.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the king of Israel said: Alas, alas, alas, the Lord hath gathered us three kings together, to deliver us into the hands of Moab!

English Revised Version
And the king of Israel said, Alas! for the LORD hath called these three kings together to deliver them into the hand of Moab.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the king of Israel said, Alas! that the LORD hath called these three kings together, to deliver them into the hand of Moab!

2 Kings 3:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

War of Joram, in Alliance with Jehoshaphat, against the Moabites. - 2 Kings 3:4, 2 Kings 3:5. The occasion of this war was the rebellion of the Moabites, i.e., the refusal to pay tribute to Israel since the death of Ahab. Mesha the (vassal-) king of Moab was a possessor of flocks, and paid to the king of Israel 100,000 lambs and 100,000 rams; not merely at the commencement of each new reign (Cler.), but as a yearly tribute (השׁיב, to bring again equals to bring repeatedly, as in Numbers 18:9, etc.). This yearly tribute could not be exorbitant for the land of the Moabites, which abounded in good pasture, and was specially adapted for the rearing of flocks. The payment of tribute in natural objects and in the produce of the land was very customary in ancient times, and is still usual among the tribes of Asia.

(Note: Pecunia ipsa a pecore appellabatur. Etiam nunc in tabulis Censoriis pascua dicuntur omnia, ex quibus populus reditus habet, quia diu hoc solum vectigal fuit. Mulctatio quoque nonnisi ovium boumque impendio dicebatur. - Plinii h. nat. xviii. 3.)

נוקד signifies both a shepherd (Amos 1:1) and also a possessor of flocks. In Arabic it is properly the possessor of a superior kind of sheep and goats (vid., Boch. Hieroz. i. p. 483f. ed. Ros.). צמר may either be taken as a second object to השׁיב, or be connected with אילים htiw as an accusative of looser government (Ewald, 287, h.). In the first case the tribute would consist of the wool (the fleeces) of 100,000 lambs and 100,000 rams; in the second, of 100,000 lambs and the wool of 100,000 rams. In support of the latter we may quote Isaiah 16:1, where lambs are mentioned as tribute.

2 Kings 3:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the Lord

2 Kings 6:33 And while he yet talked with them, behold, the messenger came down to him: and he said, Behold, this evil is of the LORD...

Genesis 4:13 And Cain said to the LORD, My punishment is greater than I can bear.

Psalm 78:34-36 When he slew them, then they sought him: and they returned and inquired early after God...

Proverbs 19:3 The foolishness of man perverts his way: and his heart frets against the LORD.

Isaiah 8:21 And they shall pass through it, hardly bestead and hungry: and it shall come to pass, that when they shall be hungry...

Isaiah 51:20 Your sons have fainted, they lie at the head of all the streets, as a wild bull in a net: they are full of the fury of the LORD...

Cross References
2 Kings 3:9
So the king of Israel went with the king of Judah and the king of Edom. And when they had made a circuitous march of seven days, there was no water for the army or for the animals that followed them.

2 Kings 3:11
And Jehoshaphat said, "Is there no prophet of the LORD here, through whom we may inquire of the LORD?" Then one of the king of Israel's servants answered, "Elisha the son of Shaphat is here, who poured water on the hands of Elijah."

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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