2 Samuel 13:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And Tamar put ashes on her head and tore the long robe that she wore. And she laid her hand on her head and went away, crying aloud as she went.

King James Bible
And Tamar put ashes on her head, and rent her garment of divers colours that was on her, and laid her hand on her head, and went on crying.

American Standard Version
And Tamar put ashes on her head, and rent her garment of divers colors that was on her; and she laid her hand on her head, and went her way, crying aloud as she went.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And she put ashes on her head, and rent her long robe and laid her hands upon her head, and went on crying.

English Revised Version
And Tamar put ashes on her head, and rent her garment of divers colours that was on her; and she laid her hand on her head, and went her way, crying aloud as she went.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Tamar put ashes on her head, and rent her garment of divers colors that was on her, and laid her hand on her head, and went on crying.

2 Samuel 13:19 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Tamar attempted to escape by pointing to the wickedness of such a desire: "Pray, do not, my brother, do not humble me; for they do not such things in Israel: do not this folly." The words recall Genesis 34:7, where the expression "folly" (nebalah) is first used to denote a want of chastity. Such a sin was altogether out of keeping with the calling and holiness of Israel (vid., Leviticus 20:8.). "And I, whither should I carry my shame?" i.e., shame and contempt would meet me everywhere. "And thou wouldst be as one of the fools in Israel." We should both of us reap nothing but shame from it. What Tamar still further said, "Now therefore, I pray thee, speak to the king, for he will not refuse me to thee," is no doubt at variance with the law which prohibits marriage between step-brothers and sisters (Leviticus 18:9, Leviticus 18:11; Leviticus 20:17); but it by no means proves that the laws of Leviticus were not in existence at the time, nor does it even presuppose that Tamar was ignorant of any such law. She simply said this, as Clericus observes, "that she might escape from his hands by any means in her power, and to avoid inflaming him still more and driving him to sin by precluding all hope of marriage."

(Note: Josephus adopts this explanation: "This she said, as desirous to avoid her brother's violent passion at present" (Ant. viii. 8, 1).)

We cannot therefore even infer from these words of hers, that she really thought the king could grant a dispensation from the existing hindrances to their marriage.

2 Samuel 13:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

put ashes

2 Samuel 1:2 It came even to pass on the third day, that, behold, a man came out of the camp from Saul with his clothes rent, and earth on his head...

Joshua 7:6 And Joshua rent his clothes, and fell to the earth on his face before the ark of the LORD until the eventide...

Job 2:12 And when they lifted up their eyes afar off, and knew him not, they lifted up their voice, and wept; and they rent every one his mantle...

Job 42:6 Why I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes.

laid her

Jeremiah 2:37 Yes, you shall go forth from him, and your hands on your head: for the LORD has rejected your confidences...

Cross References
Genesis 37:29
When Reuben returned to the pit and saw that Joseph was not in the pit, he tore his clothes

1 Samuel 4:12
A man of Benjamin ran from the battle line and came to Shiloh the same day, with his clothes torn and with dirt on his head.

2 Samuel 1:11
Then David took hold of his clothes and tore them, and so did all the men who were with him.

2 Samuel 13:20
And her brother Absalom said to her, "Has Amnon your brother been with you? Now hold your peace, my sister. He is your brother; do not take this to heart." So Tamar lived, a desolate woman, in her brother Absalom's house.

Esther 4:1
When Mordecai learned all that had been done, Mordecai tore his clothes and put on sackcloth and ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and he cried out with a loud and bitter cry.

Jeremiah 2:37
From it too you will come away with your hands on your head, for the LORD has rejected those in whom you trust, and you will not prosper by them.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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