2 Samuel 16:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
So David and his men went on the road, while Shimei went along on the hillside opposite him and cursed as he went and threw stones at him and flung dust.

King James Bible
And as David and his men went by the way, Shimei went along on the hill's side over against him, and cursed as he went, and threw stones at him, and cast dust.

American Standard Version
So David and his men went by the way; and Shimei went along on the hill-side over against him, and cursed as he went, and threw stones at him, and cast dust.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And David and his men with him went by the way. And Semei by the hill's side went over against him, cursing, and casting stones at him, and scattering earth.

English Revised Version
So David and his men went by the way: and Shimei went along on the hill side over against him, and cursed as he went, and threw stones at him, and cast dust.

Webster's Bible Translation
And as David and his men went by the way, Shimei went along on the hill's side over against him, and cursed as he went, and threw stones at him, and cast dust.

2 Samuel 16:13 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Shimei cursed thus: "Out, out (away, away), thou man of blood, and worthless man! Jehovah hath repaid thee (now) for all the blood of the house of Saul, in whose stead thou hast become king, and hath given the kingdom into the hand of Absalom thy son. Behold, now thou art in thy misfortune, for thou art a man of blood." דּמים אישׁ, a man of drops of blood, i.e., one who has shed blood or committed murder. What Shimei meant by "all the blood of the house of Saul," which David had shed, and because of which he was a man of blood, it is impossible to determine with certainty. He may possibly have attributed to David the murder of Ishbosheth and Abner, notwithstanding the fact that David was innocent of the death of both (see 2 Samuel 3:27., and 2 Samuel 4:6.). By "in whose stead thou hast reigned," he meant whose throne thou hast forcibly usurped; and by בּרעתך הנּך, "it is for this that punishment hat overtaken thee now."

2 Samuel 16:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

cursed

2 Samuel 16:5,6 And when king David came to Bahurim, behold, there came out a man of the family of the house of Saul, whose name was Shimei...

cast dust [heb] dusted him with dust

Acts 23:23 And he called to him two centurions, saying, Make ready two hundred soldiers to go to Caesarea, and horsemen three score and ten...

It was an ancient custom, in those warm and arid countries, to lay the dust before a person of distinction, by sprinkling the ground with water. Dr. Pococke and the consul were treated with this respect when they entered Cairo. The same custom is alluded to in the well-known fable of Phaedrus, in which a slave is represented going before Augustus and officiously lay the dust. To throw dust in the air while a person was passing was therefore an act of great disrespect; to do so before a sovereign prince, an indecent outrage. But it is probable that Shimei meant more than disrespect and outrage to his afflicted king. Sir John Chardin informs us, that in the East, in general, those who demand justice against a criminal throw dust upon him, signifying that he ought to be put in the grave: and hence the common imprecation among the Turks and Persians, `Be covered with earth,' or `Earth be upon thy head.'

Cross References
Acts 22:23
And as they were shouting and throwing off their cloaks and flinging dust into the air,

2 Samuel 16:12
It may be that the LORD will look on the wrong done to me, and that the LORD will repay me with good for his cursing today."

2 Samuel 16:14
And the king, and all the people who were with him, arrived weary at the Jordan. And there he refreshed himself.

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Cast Continued Cursed Cursing David Dust Flung Hill Hillside Hill-Side Opposite Over-Against Parallel Revileth Road Sending Shimei Shim'e-I Side Stones Stoneth Threw Throwing Way
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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