2 Samuel 22:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
my God, my rock, in whom I take refuge, my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold and my refuge, my savior; you save me from violence.

King James Bible
The God of my rock; in him will I trust: he is my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge, my saviour; thou savest me from violence.

American Standard Version
God, my rock, in him will I take refuge; My shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge; My saviour, thou savest me from violence.

Douay-Rheims Bible
God is my strong one, in him will I trust: my shield, and the horn of my salvation: he lifteth me up, and is my refuge: my saviour, thou wilt deliver me from iniquity.

English Revised Version
The God of my rock, in him will I trust; my shield and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge; my saviour, thou savest me from violence.

Webster's Bible Translation
The God of my rock; in him will I trust: he is my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge, my preserver; thou savest me from violence.

2 Samuel 22:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(vid., 1 Chronicles 20:5). In another war with the Philistines at Gob, Elhanan the son of Yaare-Orgim of Bethlehem smote Goliath of Gath, whose spear was like a weaver's beam. In the Chronicles, however, we find it stated that "Elhanan the son of Jair smote Lahmi the brother of Goliath of Gath, whose spear," etc. The words of our text are so similar to those of the Chronicles, if we only leave out the word ארגים, which probably crept in from the next line through oversight on the part of a copyist, that they presuppose the same original text, so that the difference can only have arisen from an error in copying. The majority of the expositors (e.g., Piscator, Clericus, Michaelis, Movers, and Thenius) regard the text of the Chronicles as the true and original one, and the text before us as simply corrupt. But Bertheau and Bttcher maintain the opposite opinion, because it is impossible to see how the reading in 2 Samuel. uld grow out of that in the Chronicles; whereas the reading in the Chronicles might have arisen through conscious alteration originating in the offence taken by some reader, who recalled the account of the conflict between David and Goliath, at the statement that Elhanan smote a giant named Goliath, and who therefore altered את הלחמי בית into אחי לחמי את. But apart from the question whether there were two Goliaths, one of whom was slain by David and the other by Elhanan, the fact that the conjecture of Bertheau and Bttcher presupposes a deliberate alteration of the text, or rather, to speak more correctly, an intentional falsification of the historical account, is quite sufficient to overthrow it, as not a single example of anything of the kind can be adduced from the whole of the Chronicles. On the other hand, the recollection of David's celebrated officer Elhanan of Bethlehem (2 Samuel 23:24; 1 Chronicles 11:26) might easily lead to an identification of the Elhanan mentioned here with that officer, and so occasion the alteration of לחמי את into הלחמי בית. This alteration was then followed by that of גלית אחי into גליה את, and all the more easily from the fact that the description of Lahmi's spear corresponds word for word with that of Goliath's spear in 1 Samuel 17:7. Consequently we must regard the reading in the Chronicles as the correct one, and alter our text accordingly; since the assumption that there were two Goliaths is a very improbable one, and there is nothing at all strange in the reference to a brother of Goliath, who was also a powerful giant, and carried a spear like Goliath. Elhanan the son of Jairi is of course a different person from Elhanan the Bethlehemite, the son of Dodo (2 Samuel 23:24). The Chronicles have יעוּר, instead of Jairi (the reading according to the Chethib), and the former is probably the correct way of writing the name.

2 Samuel 22:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

in him

Hebrews 2:13 And again, I will put my trust in him. And again, Behold I and the children which God has given me.

shield

Genesis 15:1 After these things the word of the LORD came to Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I am your shield...

Deuteronomy 33:29 Happy are you, O Israel: who is like to you, O people saved by the LORD, the shield of your help...

Psalm 3:3 But you, O LORD, are a shield for me; my glory, and the lifter up of my head.

Psalm 5:12 For you, LORD, will bless the righteous; with favor will you compass him as with a shield.

Psalm 28:7 The LORD is my strength and my shield; my heart trusted in him, and I am helped: therefore my heart greatly rejoices...

Psalm 84:9,11 Behold, O God our shield, and look on the face of your anointed...

Psalm 115:9-11 O Israel, trust you in the LORD: he is their help and their shield...

Proverbs 30:5 Every word of God is pure: he is a shield to them that put their trust in him.

the horn

1 Samuel 2:1 And Hannah prayed, and said, My heart rejoices in the LORD, my horn is exalted in the LORD: my mouth is enlarged over my enemies...

Luke 1:69 And has raised up an horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David;

my high

2 Samuel 22:51 He is the tower of salvation for his king: and shows mercy to his anointed, to David, and to his seed for ever more.

Psalm 61:3 For you have been a shelter for me, and a strong tower from the enemy.

Psalm 144:2 My goodness, and my fortress; my high tower, and my deliverer; my shield, and he in whom I trust; who subdues my people under me.

Proverbs 18:10 The name of the LORD is a strong tower: the righteous runs into it, and is safe.

my refuge

Psalm 9:9 The LORD also will be a refuge for the oppressed, a refuge in times of trouble.

Psalm 14:6 You have shamed the counsel of the poor, because the LORD is his refuge.

Psalm 18:2 The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler...

Psalm 27:5 For in the time of trouble he shall hide me in his pavilion: in the secret of his tabernacle shall he hide me...

Psalm 32:7 You are my hiding place; you shall preserve me from trouble; you shall compass me about with songs of deliverance. Selah.

Psalm 46:1,7,11 God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble...

Psalm 59:16 But I will sing of your power; yes, I will sing aloud of your mercy in the morning...

Psalm 71:7 I am as a wonder to many; but you are my strong refuge.

142:,4

Isaiah 32:2 And a man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest; as rivers of water in a dry place...

Jeremiah 16:9 For thus said the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will cause to cease out of this place in your eyes, and in your days...

my saviour

Isaiah 12:2 Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the LORD JEHOVAH is my strength and my song...

Isaiah 45:21 Tell you, and bring them near; yes, let them take counsel together: who has declared this from ancient time?...

Luke 1:47,71 And my spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior...

Titus 3:4,6 But after that the kindness and love of God our Savior toward man appeared...

thou savest

2 Samuel 22:49 And that brings me forth from my enemies: you also have lifted me up on high above them that rose up against me...

Psalm 55:9 Destroy, O Lord, and divide their tongues: for I have seen violence and strife in the city.

Psalm 72:14 He shall redeem their soul from deceit and violence: and precious shall their blood be in his sight.

Psalm 86:14 O God, the proud are risen against me, and the assemblies of violent men have sought after my soul; and have not set you before them.

Psalm 140:1,4,11 Deliver me, O LORD, from the evil man: preserve me from the violent man...

Cross References
Luke 1:69
and has raised up a horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David,

Genesis 15:1
After these things the word of the LORD came to Abram in a vision: "Fear not, Abram, I am your shield; your reward shall be very great."

Deuteronomy 32:4
"The Rock, his work is perfect, for all his ways are justice. A God of faithfulness and without iniquity, just and upright is he.

Deuteronomy 32:37
Then he will say, 'Where are their gods, the rock in which they took refuge,

Deuteronomy 33:29
Happy are you, O Israel! Who is like you, a people saved by the LORD, the shield of your help, and the sword of your triumph! Your enemies shall come fawning to you, and you shall tread upon their backs."

1 Samuel 2:2
"There is none holy like the LORD: for there is none besides you; there is no rock like our God.

2 Samuel 22:31
This God--his way is perfect; the word of the LORD proves true; he is a shield for all those who take refuge in him.

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