2 Samuel 22:44
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“You delivered me from strife with my people; you kept me as the head of the nations; people whom I had not known served me.

King James Bible
Thou also hast delivered me from the strivings of my people, thou hast kept me to be head of the heathen: a people which I knew not shall serve me.

American Standard Version
Thou also hast delivered me from the strivings of my people; Thou hast kept me to be the head of the nations: A people whom I have not known shall serve me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou wilt save me from the contradictions of my people: thou wilt keep me to be the head of the Gentiles: the people which I know not, shall serve me,

English Revised Version
Thou also hast delivered me from the strivings of my people; thou hast kept me to be the head of the nations: a people whom I have not known shall serve me.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou also hast delivered me from the strivings of my people, thou hast kept me to be head of the heathen: a people which I knew not shall serve me.

2 Samuel 22:44 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

38 I will pursue my enemies and destroy them,

I will not turn till they are consumed.

39 I will consume them and dash them in pieces, that they may not arise,

And may fall under my feet.

40 And Thou girdest me with strength for war,

Thou bowest mine adversaries under me.

41 And Thou makest mine enemies turn the back to me;

My haters, I root them out.

The optative form ארדּפה serves to make the future signification of ארדּף (in the psalm) the more apparent. Consequently it is quite out of the question to take the other verbs as preterites. We are not compelled to do this by the interchange of imperfects c. vav consec. with simple imperfects, as the vav consec. is not used exclusively as expressive of the past. On the contrary, the substance of the whole of the following description shows very clearly that David refers not only to the victories he has already won, but in general to the defeat of all his foes in the past, the present, and the future; for he speaks as distinctly as possible not only of their entire destruction (2 Samuel 22:38, 2 Samuel 22:39, 2 Samuel 22:43), but also of the fact that God makes him the head of the nations, and distant and foreign nations to him homage. Consequently he refers not only to his own personal dominion, but also, on the strength of the promise which he had received from God, to the increase of the dominion of the throne of his house, whilst he proclaims in the Spirit the ultimate defeat of all the enemies of the kingdom of God. This Messianic element in the following description comes out in a way that cannot be mistaken, in the praise of the Lord with which he concludes in 2 Samuel 22:47-51. ואשׁמידם, "I destroy them," is stronger than ואשּׂיגם, "I reach them" (in the psalm). In 2 Samuel 22:39 the words are crowded together, to express the utter destruction of all foes. In the psalm ואכלּם is omitted. ותּזרני for ותּאזּרני in the psalm is not a poetical Syriasm, and still less a "careless solecism" (Hupfeld), but a simple contraction, such as we meet with in many forms: e.g., מלּפנוּ for מאלּפנוּ (Job 35:11; cf. Ewald, 232, b.). The form תּתּה for נתתּה (in the psalm) is unusual, and the aphaeresis of the נ can only be accounted for from the fact that this much-used word constantly drops its נ as a radical sound in the imperfect (see Ewald, 195, c.). The phrase ערף לּי תּתּה is formed after Exodus 23:27. "Giving the enemy to a person's back" means causing them to turn the back, i.e., putting them to flight.

2 Samuel 22:44 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

delivered

2 Samuel 3:1 Now there was long war between the house of Saul and the house of David: but David waxed stronger and stronger...

2 Samuel 5:1 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David to Hebron, and spoke, saying, Behold, we are your bone and your flesh.

2 Samuel 18:6-8 So the people went out into the field against Israel: and the battle was in the wood of Ephraim...

2 Samuel 19:9,14 And all the people were at strife throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, The king saved us out of the hand of our enemies...

2 Samuel 20:1,2,22 And there happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name was Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said...

Psalm 2:1-6 Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing...

Psalm 18:43 You have delivered me from the strivings of the people; and you have made me the head of the heathen...

Acts 4:25-28 Who by the mouth of your servant David have said, Why did the heathen rage, and the people imagine vain things...

Acts 5:30,31 The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom you slew and hanged on a tree...

head

2 Samuel 8:1-14 And after this it came to pass that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them...

Deuteronomy 28:13 And the LORD shall make you the head, and not the tail; and you shall be above only, and you shall not be beneath...

Psalm 2:8 Ask of me, and I shall give you the heathen for your inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for your possession.

Psalm 60:8,9 Moab is my wash pot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe: Philistia, triumph you because of me...

Psalm 72:8,9 He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river to the ends of the earth...

Psalm 110:6 He shall judge among the heathen, he shall fill the places with the dead bodies; he shall wound the heads over many countries.

Isaiah 60:12 For the nation and kingdom that will not serve you shall perish; yes, those nations shall be utterly wasted.

Daniel 7:14 And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him...

Romans 15:12 And again, Esaias said, There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles...

Revelation 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying...

a people

Isaiah 55:5 Behold, you shall call a nation that you know not, and nations that knew not you shall run to you because of the LORD your God...

Isaiah 65:1 I am sought of them that asked not for me; I am found of them that sought me not: I said, Behold me, behold me...

Hosea 2:23 And I will sow her to me in the earth; and I will have mercy on her that had not obtained mercy...

Romans 9:25 As he said also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved.

Cross References
2 Samuel 3:1
There was a long war between the house of Saul and the house of David. And David grew stronger and stronger, while the house of Saul became weaker and weaker.

2 Samuel 8:1
After this David defeated the Philistines and subdued them, and David took Metheg-ammah out of the hand of the Philistines.

2 Samuel 19:9
And all the people were arguing throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, "The king delivered us from the hand of our enemies and saved us from the hand of the Philistines, and now he has fled out of the land from Absalom.

2 Samuel 19:14
And he swayed the heart of all the men of Judah as one man, so that they sent word to the king, "Return, both you and all your servants."

Isaiah 55:5
Behold, you shall call a nation that you do not know, and a nation that did not know you shall run to you, because of the LORD your God, and of the Holy One of Israel, for he has glorified you.

Jump to Previous
Attacks Contentions Deliver Delivered Fightings Free Head Heathen Kept Nations Peoples Placest Preserved Serve Served Strife Strivings
Jump to Next
Attacks Contentions Deliver Delivered Fightings Free Head Heathen Kept Nations Peoples Placest Preserved Serve Served Strife Strivings
Links
2 Samuel 22:44 NIV
2 Samuel 22:44 NLT
2 Samuel 22:44 ESV
2 Samuel 22:44 NASB
2 Samuel 22:44 KJV

2 Samuel 22:44 Bible Apps
2 Samuel 22:44 Biblia Paralela
2 Samuel 22:44 Chinese Bible
2 Samuel 22:44 French Bible
2 Samuel 22:44 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
2 Samuel 22:43
Top of Page
Top of Page