Colossians 2:15
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He disarmed the rulers and authorities and put them to open shame, by triumphing over them in him.

King James Bible
And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it.

American Standard Version
having despoiled the principalities and the powers, he made a show of them openly, triumphing over them in it.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And despoiling the principalities and powers, he hath exposed them confidently in open shew, triumphing over them in himself.

English Revised Version
having put off from himself the principalities and the powers, he made a show of them openly, triumphing over them in it.

Webster's Bible Translation
And having despoiled principalities and powers, he made a show of them openly, triumphing over them in it.

Weymouth New Testament
And the hostile princes and rulers He shook off from Himself, and boldly displayed them as His conquests, when by the Cross He triumphed over them.

Colossians 2:15 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Having spoiled principalities and powers (ἀπεκδυσάμενος τὰς ἀρχὰς καὶ τὰς ἐξουσίας)

For the verb spoiled, see on putting off, Colossians 2:11. The principalities and powers are the angelic hosts through whose ministry the law was given. See Deuteronomy 33:2; Acts 7:53; Hebrews 2:2; Galatians 3:19. Great importance was attached, in the later rabbinical schools, to the angels who assisted in giving the law; and that fact was not without influence in shaping the doctrine of angelic mediators, one of the elements of the Colossian heresy, which was partly Judaic. This doctrine Paul strikes at in Colossians 1:16; Colossians 2:10; here, and Colossians 2:18. God put off from himself, when the bond of the law was rendered void in Christ's crucifixion, that ministry of angels which waited on the giving of the law, revealing Christ as the sole mediator, the head of every principality and power (Colossians 2:10). The directness of the gospel ministration, as contrasted with the indirectness of the legal ministration, is touched upon by Paul in Galatians 3:19 sqq.; 2 Corinthians 3:12 sqq.; Hebrews 2:2.

He made a show of them (ἐδειγμάτισεν)

Only here and Matthew 1:19, see note. The compound παραδειγματίζω to expose to public infamy, is found Hebrews 6:6; and δεῖγμα example, in Jde 1:7. The word is unknown to classical Greek. The meaning here is to make a display of, exhibit. He showed them as subordinate and subject to Christ. Compare especially Hebrews 1:1-14 throughout, where many points of contact with the first two chapters of this epistle will be found.

Openly (ἐν παῤῥησίᾳ)

Or boldly. See on Plm 1:8. Not publicly, but as by a bold stroke putting His own ministers, chosen and employed for such a glorious and dignified office, in subjection before the eyes of the world.

Triumphing over them (θραιμβεύσας αὐτοὺς)

See on 2 Corinthians 2:14. If we take this phrase in the sense which it bears in that passage, leading in triumph, there seems something incongruous in picturing the angelic ministers of the law as captives of war, subjugated and led in procession. The angels "do His commandments and hearken unto the voice of His word." But while I hold to that explanation in 2 Corinthians, I see no reason why the word may not be used here less specifically in the sense of leading a festal procession in which all share the triumph; the heavenly ministers, though set aside as mediators, yet exulting in the triumph of the one and only Mediator. Even in the figure in 2 Corinthians, the captives rejoice in the triumph. Compare Revelation 19:11. Our knowledge of the word θριαμβεύω is not so extensive or accurate as to warrant too strict limitations in our definition.

In it (ἐν αὐτῷ)

The cross. Many expositors, however, render in Him, Christ. This I adopt as harmonizing with the emphatic references to Christ which occur in every verse from Colossians 2:5 to Colossians 2:14; Christ, four times; in Him, four; in whom, two; with Him, three. In it is necessary only if the subject of the sentence is Christ; but the very awkward change of subject from God (quickened us together, Colossians 2:13) is quite unnecessary. God is the subject throughout.

Colossians 2:15 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

having.

Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; it shall bruise your head...

Psalm 68:18 You have ascended on high, you have led captivity captive: you have received gifts for men; yes, for the rebellious also...

Isaiah 49:24,25 Shall the prey be taken from the mighty, or the lawful captive delivered...

Isaiah 53:12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong...

Matthew 12:29 Or else how can one enter into a strong man's house, and spoil his goods, except he first bind the strong man?...

Luke 10:18 And he said to them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven.

Luke 11:22 But when a stronger than he shall come on him, and overcome him, he takes from him all his armor wherein he trusted...

John 12:31 Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out.

John 16:11 Of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged.

Ephesians 4:8 Why he said, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts to men.

Hebrews 2:14 For as much then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same...

Revelation 12:9 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceives the whole world...

Revelation 20:2,3,10 And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years...

principalities.

Colossians 1:16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones...

2 Corinthians 4:4 In whom the god of this world has blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ...

Ephesians 6:12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers...

triumphing.

Luke 23:39-43 And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If you be Christ, save yourself and us...

John 12:32 And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to me.

John 19:30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.

Acts 2:23,24,32-36 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, you have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain...

in it. or, in himself.

Cross References
John 12:31
Now is the judgment of this world; now will the ruler of this world be cast out.

1 Corinthians 15:24
Then comes the end, when he delivers the kingdom to God the Father after destroying every rule and every authority and power.

2 Corinthians 2:14
But thanks be to God, who in Christ always leads us in triumphal procession, and through us spreads the fragrance of the knowledge of him everywhere.

Ephesians 3:10
so that through the church the manifold wisdom of God might now be made known to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly places.

Ephesians 4:8
Therefore it says, "When he ascended on high he led a host of captives, and he gave gifts to men."

Colossians 1:16
For by him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities--all things were created through him and for him.

Colossians 2:10
and you have been filled in him, who is the head of all rule and authority.

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