Deuteronomy 19:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
then the elders of his city shall send and take him from there, and hand him over to the avenger of blood, so that he may die.

King James Bible
Then the elders of his city shall send and fetch him thence, and deliver him into the hand of the avenger of blood, that he may die.

American Standard Version
then the elders of his city shall send and fetch him thence, and deliver him into the hand of the avenger of blood, that he may die.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The ancients of his city shall send, and take him out of the place of refuge, and shall deliver him into the hand of the kinsman of him whose blood was shed, and he shall die.

English Revised Version
then the elders of his city shall send and fetch him thence, and deliver him into the hand of the avenger of blood, that he may die.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then the elders of his city shall send and bring him thence, and deliver him into the hand of the avenger of blood, that he may die.

Deuteronomy 19:12 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

As Moses had already set apart the cities of refuge for the land on the east of the Jordan (Deuteronomy 4:41.), he is speaking here simply of the land on the west, which Israel was to take possession of before long; and supplements the instructions in Numbers 35:14, with directions to maintain the roads to the cities of refuge which were to be set apart in Canaan itself, and to divide the land into three parts, viz., for the purpose of setting apart these cities, so that one city might be chosen for the purpose in every third of the land. For further remarks on this point, as well as with regard to the use of these cities (Deuteronomy 19:4-7), see at Numbers 35:11. - In Deuteronomy 19:8-10 there follow the fresh instructions, that if the Lord should extend the borders of Israel, according to His promise given to the patriarchs, and should give them the whole land from the Nile to the Euphrates, according to Genesis 15:18, they were to add three other cities of refuge to these three, for the purpose of preventing the shedding of innocent blood. The three new cities of refuge cannot be the three appointed in Numbers 35:14 for the land on this side of the Jordan, nor the three mentioned in Numbers 35:7 on the other side of Jordan, as Knobel and others suppose. Nor can we adopt Hengstenberg's view, that the three new ones are the same as the three mentioned in Deuteronomy 19:2 and Deuteronomy 19:7, since they are expressly distinguished from "these three." The meaning is altogether a different one. The circumstances supposed by Moses never existed, since the Israelites did not fulfil the conditions laid down in Deuteronomy 19:9, viz., that they should keep the law faithfully, and love the Lord their God (cf. Deuteronomy 4:6; Deuteronomy 6:5, etc.). The extension of the power of Israel to the Euphrates under David and Solomon, did not bring the land as far as this river into their actual possession, since the conquered kingdoms of Aram were still inhabited by the Aramaeans, who, though conquered, were only rendered tributary. And the Tyrians and Phoenicians, who belonged to the Canaanitish population, were not even attacked by David.

Deuteronomy 19:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Kings 2:5,6,28-34 Moreover you know also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, and what he did to the two captains of the hosts of Israel...

Cross References
Exodus 21:14
But if a man willfully attacks another to kill him by cunning, you shall take him from my altar, that he may die.

Deuteronomy 19:11
"But if anyone hates his neighbor and lies in wait for him and attacks him and strikes him fatally so that he dies, and he flees into one of these cities,

Deuteronomy 19:13
Your eye shall not pity him, but you shall purge the guilt of innocent blood from Israel, so that it may be well with you.

2 Samuel 14:7
And now the whole clan has risen against your servant, and they say, 'Give up the man who struck his brother, that we may put him to death for the life of his brother whom he killed.' And so they would destroy the heir also. Thus they would quench my coal that is left and leave to my husband neither name nor remnant on the face of the earth."

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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