Deuteronomy 32:42
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
I will make my arrows drunk with blood, and my sword shall devour flesh— with the blood of the slain and the captives, from the long-haired heads of the enemy.’

King James Bible
I will make mine arrows drunk with blood, and my sword shall devour flesh; and that with the blood of the slain and of the captives, from the beginning of revenges upon the enemy.

American Standard Version
I will make mine arrows drunk with blood, And my sword shall devour flesh; With the blood of the slain and the captives, From the head of the leaders of the enemy.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I will make my arrows drunk with blood, and my sword shall devour flesh, of the blood of the slain and of the captivity, of the bare head of the enemies.

English Revised Version
I will make mine arrows drunk with blood, And my sword shall devour flesh; With the blood of the slain and the captives, From the head of the leaders of the enemy.

Webster's Bible Translation
I will make my arrows drunk with blood, and my sword shall devour flesh; and that with the blood of the slain and of the captives from the beginning of revenges upon the enemy.

Deuteronomy 32:42 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"Vengeance is Mine, and retribution for the time when their foot shall shake: for the day of their destruction is near, and that which is determined for them cometh hastily. For the Lord will judge His people, and have compassion upon His servants, when He seeth that every hold has disappeared, and the fettered and the free are gone." - The Lord will punish the sins of His people in due time. "Vengeance is Mine:" it belongs to Me, it is My part to inflict. שׁלּם is a noun here for the usual שׁלּוּם, retribution (vid., Ewald, 156, b.). The shaking of the foot is a figure representing the commencement of a fall, or of stumbling vid., Psalm 38:17; Psalm 94:18). The thought in this clause is not, "At or towards the time when their misfortune begins, I will plunge them into the greatest calamity," as Kamphausen infers from the fact that the shaking denotes the beginning of the calamity; and yet the vengeance can only be completed by plunging them into calamity, - a though which he justly regards as unsuitable, though he resorts to emendations of the text in consequence. But the supposed unsuitability vanishes, if we simply regard the words, "Vengeance is Mine, and retribution," not as the mere announcement of a quality founded in the nature of God, and residing in God Himself, but as an expression of the divine energy, with this signification, I will manifest Myself as an avenger and recompenser, when their foot shall shake. Then what had hitherto been hidden with God, lay sealed up as it were in His treasures, should come to light, and be made manifest to the sinful nation. God would not delay in this; for the day of their destruction was near. איד signifies misfortune, and sometimes utter destruction. The primary meaning of the word cannot be determined with certainty. That it does not mean utter destruction, we may see from the parallel clause. "The things that shall come upon them," await them, or are prepared for them, are, according to the context, both in Deuteronomy 32:26 and also in Deuteronomy 32:36., not destruction, but simply a calamity or penal judgment that would bring them near to utter destruction. Again, these words do not relate to the punishment of "the wicked deeds of the inhuman horde," or the vengeance of God upon the enemies of Israel (Ewald, Kamphausen), but to the vengeance or retribution which God would inflict upon Israel. This is evident, apart from what has been said above against the application of Deuteronomy 32:33, Deuteronomy 32:34, to the heathen, simply from Deuteronomy 32:36, which unquestionably refers to Israel, and has been so interpreted by every commentator. - The first clause is quoted in Romans 12:19 and Hebrews 10:30, in the former to warn against self-revenge, in the latter to show the energy with which God will punish those who fall away from the faith, in connection with Deuteronomy 32:36, "the Lord will judge His people." - In Deuteronomy 32:36 the reason is given for the thought in Deuteronomy 32:35. דּין is mostly taken here in the sense of "procure right," help to right, which it certainly often has (e.g., Psalm 54:3), and which is not to be excluded here; but this by no means exhausts the idea of the word. The parallel יתנחם does not compel us to drop the idea of punishment, which is involved in the judging; for it is a question whether the two clauses are perfectly synonymous. "Judging His people" did not consist merely in the fact that Jehovah punished the heathen who oppressed Israel, but also in the fact that He punished the wicked in Israel who oppressed the righteous. "His people" is no doubt Israel as a whole (as, for example, in Isaiah 1:3), but this whole was composed of righteous and wicked, and God could only help the righteous to justice by punishing and destroying the wicked. In this way the judging of His people became compassion towards His servants. "His servants" are the righteous, or, speaking more correctly, all who in the time of judgment are found to be the servants of God, and are saved. Because Israel was His nation, the Lord judged it in such a manner as not to destroy it, but simply to punish it for its sins, and to have compassion upon His servants, when He saw that the strength of the nation was gone. יד, the hand, with which one grasps and works, is a figure employed to denote power and might (vid., Isaiah 28:2). אזל, to run out, or come to an end (1 Samuel 9:7; Job 14:11). The meaning is, "when every support is gone," when all the rotten props of its might, upon which it has rested, are broken (Ewald). The noun אפס, cessation, disappearance, takes the place of a verb. The words עזוּב עצוּר are a proverbial phrase used to denote all men, as we may clearly see from 1 Kings 14:10; 1 Kings 21:21; 2 Kings 4:8; 2 Kings 14:6. The literal meaning of this form, however, cannot be decided with certainty. The explanation given by L. de Dieu is the most plausible one, viz., the man who is fettered, restrained, i.e., married, and the single or free. For עזוּב the meaning caelebs is established by the Arabic, though the Arabic can hardly be appealed to as proving that עצוּר means paterfamilias, as this meaning, which Roediger assigns to the Arabic word, is founded upon a mistaken interpretation of a passage in Kamus.

Deuteronomy 32:42 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

make mine

Deuteronomy 32:23 I will heap mischiefs on them; I will spend my arrows on them.

Psalm 45:5 Your arrows are sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; whereby the people fall under you.

Psalm 68:23 That your foot may be dipped in the blood of your enemies, and the tongue of your dogs in the same.

Isaiah 34:6-8 The sword of the LORD is filled with blood, it is made fat with fatness, and with the blood of lambs and goats...

Jeremiah 16:10 And it shall come to pass, when you shall show this people all these words, and they shall say to you...

Ezekiel 35:6-8 Therefore, as I live, said the Lord GOD, I will prepare you to blood, and blood shall pursue you: since you have not hated blood...

Ezekiel 38:21,22 And I will call for a sword against him throughout all my mountains, said the Lord GOD: every man's sword shall be against his brother...

revenges The word {paroth}, rendered {revenges}, a sense in which it never seems to be used, had rendered this passage very obscure. As the word {paira} signifies the {hair of the head}, both in Hebrew and Arabic, Mr. Parkhurst and others render {mairosh parorth}, `from the hairy head;' but to have this sense, the words should rather have been {mipparoth rosh}, according the Hebrew idiom. The word {farou}, in Arabic, however, also denotes a prince or chief; and the words may be literally rendered, with the LXX () `from the head of the chiefs of the enemies.' The {hyperbaton}, or trans- position of words from their grammatical order, is very observable in this verse; the third member forming a continuation of the first, and fourth of the second.

Job 13:24 Why hide you your face, and hold me for your enemy?

Jeremiah 30:14 All your lovers have forgotten you; they seek you not; for I have wounded you with the wound of an enemy...

Lamentations 2:5 The LORD was as an enemy: he has swallowed up Israel, he has swallowed up all her palaces: he has destroyed his strong holds...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 32:23
"'And I will heap disasters upon them; I will spend my arrows on them;

2 Samuel 1:22
"From the blood of the slain, from the fat of the mighty, the bow of Jonathan turned not back, and the sword of Saul returned not empty.

Isaiah 34:5
For my sword has drunk its fill in the heavens; behold, it descends for judgment upon Edom, upon the people I have devoted to destruction.

Jeremiah 12:12
Upon all the bare heights in the desert destroyers have come, for the sword of the LORD devours from one end of the land to the other; no flesh has peace.

Jeremiah 46:10
That day is the day of the Lord GOD of hosts, a day of vengeance, to avenge himself on his foes. The sword shall devour and be sated and drink its fill of their blood. For the Lord GOD of hosts holds a sacrifice in the north country by the river Euphrates.

Jeremiah 46:14
"Declare in Egypt, and proclaim in Migdol; proclaim in Memphis and Tahpanhes; say, 'Stand ready and be prepared, for the sword shall devour around you.'

Jump to Previous
Arrows Beginning Blood Captive Captives Dead Devour Devoureth Devours Drunk Enemy Haters Head Heads Leaders Pierced Prisoners Red Slain Sword
Jump to Next
Arrows Beginning Blood Captive Captives Dead Devour Devoureth Devours Drunk Enemy Haters Head Heads Leaders Pierced Prisoners Red Slain Sword
Links
Deuteronomy 32:42 NIV
Deuteronomy 32:42 NLT
Deuteronomy 32:42 ESV
Deuteronomy 32:42 NASB
Deuteronomy 32:42 KJV

Deuteronomy 32:42 Bible Apps
Deuteronomy 32:42 Biblia Paralela
Deuteronomy 32:42 Chinese Bible
Deuteronomy 32:42 French Bible
Deuteronomy 32:42 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Deuteronomy 32:41
Top of Page
Top of Page