Deuteronomy 33:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And of Zebulun he said, “Rejoice, Zebulun, in your going out, and Issachar, in your tents.

King James Bible
And of Zebulun he said, Rejoice, Zebulun, in thy going out; and, Issachar, in thy tents.

American Standard Version
And of Zebulun he said, Rejoice, Zebulun, in thy going out; And, Issachar, in thy tents.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And to Zabulon he said: Rejoice, O Zabulon, in thy going out; and Issachar in thy tabernacles.

English Revised Version
And of Zebulun he said, Rejoice, Zebulun, in thy going out; And, Issachar, in thy tents.

Webster's Bible Translation
And of Zebulun he said, Rejoice, Zebulun, in thy going out; and Issachar, in thy tents.

Deuteronomy 33:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Benjamin. - "The beloved of the Lord will dwell safely with Him; He shelters him at all times, and he dwells between His shoulders." Benjamin, the son of prosperity, and beloved of his father (Genesis 35:18; Genesis 44:20), should bear his name with right. He would be the beloved of the Lord, and as such would dwell in safety with the Lord (עליו, lit., founded upon Him). The Lord would shelter him continually. The participle expresses the permanence of the relation: is his shelterer. In the third clause Benjamin is the subject once more; he dwells between the shoulders of Jehovah. "Between the shoulders" is equivalent to "upon the back" (vid., 1 Samuel 17:6). The expression is founded upon the figure of a father carrying his son (Deuteronomy 1:29). This figure is by no means so bold as that of the eagle's wings, upon which the Lord had carried His people, and brought them to Himself (Exodus 19:4; vid., Deuteronomy 32:11). There is nothing strange in the change of subject in all three clauses, since it is met with repeatedly even in plain prose (e.g., 2 Samuel 11:13); and here it follows simply enough from the thoughts contained in the different clauses, whilst the suffix in all three clauses refers to the same noun, i.e., to Jehovah.

(Note: "To dwell upon God and between His shoulders is the same as to repose upon Him: the simile being taken from fathers who carry their sons while delicate and young" (Calvin).)

There are some who regard Jehovah as the subject in the third clause, and explain the unheard-of figure which they thus obtain, viz., that of Jehovah dwelling between the shoulders of Benjamin, as referring to the historical fact that God dwelt in the temple at Jerusalem, which was situated upon the border of the tribes of Benjamin and Judah. To this application of the words Knobel has properly objected, that God did not dwell between ridges ( equals shoulders) of mountains there, but upon the top of Moriah; but, on the other hand, he has set up the much more untenable hypothesis, that the expression refers to Gibeon, where the tabernacle stood after the destruction of Nob by Saul. - Moreover, the whole nation participated in the blessing which Moses desired for Benjamin; and this applies to the blessings of the other tribes also. All Israel was, like Benjamin, the beloved of the Lord (vid., Jeremiah 11:15; Psalm 60:7), and dwelt with Him in safety (vid., Deuteronomy 33:28).

Deuteronomy 33:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Genesis 49:13-15 Zebulun shall dwell at the haven of the sea; and he shall be for an haven of ships; and his border shall be to Zidon...

Joshua 19:11 And their border went up toward the sea, and Maralah, and reached to Dabbasheth, and reached to the river that is before Jokneam;

Judges 5:14 Out of Ephraim was there a root of them against Amalek; after you, Benjamin, among your people; out of Machir came down governors...

Cross References
Genesis 30:18
Leah said, "God has given me my wages because I gave my servant to my husband." So she called his name Issachar.

Genesis 49:13
"Zebulun shall dwell at the shore of the sea; he shall become a haven for ships, and his border shall be at Sidon.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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