Ecclesiastes 11:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He who observes the wind will not sow, and he who regards the clouds will not reap.

King James Bible
He that observeth the wind shall not sow; and he that regardeth the clouds shall not reap.

American Standard Version
He that observeth the wind shall not sow; and he that regardeth the clouds shall not reap.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that observeth the wind, shall not sow: and he that considereth the clouds, shall never reap.

English Revised Version
He that observeth the wind shall not sow; and he that regardeth the clouds shall not reap.

Webster's Bible Translation
He that observeth the wind shall not sow; and he that regardeth the clouds shall not reap.

Ecclesiastes 11:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Since, now, Ecclesiastes 10:19 has only to do with princes, the following proverb of the consequences of sloth receives a particular reference in the frame of this mirror for princes: "Through being idle the roof falleth; and through laziness of the hands the house leaketh." Ewald, Redslob, Olsh., Hitz., and Frst, as already Aben Ezra, understand the dual עצל of the two idle hands, but a similar attribut. adject.-dual is not found in Heb.; on the contrary, ephraim, merathaim Jeremiah 50:21, rish'athaim, and, in a certain measure, also riqmathaim, speak in favour of the intensification of the dual; 'atsaltaim is related to 'atslah, as Faulenzen being idle, living in idleness to Faulheit laziness, it means doubled, i.e., great, constant laziness (Gesen. H. Wrt., and Bttch. in the N. Aehrenl., under this passage). If 'atsaltaim were an attribut. designation of the hands, then shiphluth hadaim would be lowness, i.e., the hanging down of the hands languidly by the side; the former would agree better with the second than with the first passage. Regarding the difference between hammeqareh (the beams and joists of a house) and hamqareh (contignans), vid., note below.

(Note: המּקרה, with mem Dageshed (Masora: לית דגש); in Psalm 104:3, on the contrary, the mem has Raphe, for there it is particip. (Michlol 46a; Parchon's Lex. f. 3, Colossians 1).)

Since exceeding laziness leaves alone everything that could support the house, the beams fall (ימּך, Niph. מכך), and the house drops, i.e., lets the rain through (ידלף, with o, in spite of the intrans. signification); cf. the Arab. proverb of the three things which make a house insufferable, under Proverbs 19:13. Also the community, whom the king and the nobles represent, is a בּית, as e.g., Israel is called the house of Jacob. If the rulers neglect their duty, abusing their high position in obeying their own lusts, then the kingdom (state) becomes as a dilapidated house, affording no longer any protection, and at last a machshelah, a ruined building, Isaiah 3:6. It becomes so by slothfulness, and the prodigal love of pleasure associated therewith.

Ecclesiastes 11:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Proverbs 3:27 Withhold not good from them to whom it is due, when it is in the power of your hand to do it.

Proverbs 20:4 The sluggard will not plow by reason of the cold; therefore shall he beg in harvest, and have nothing.

Proverbs 22:13 The slothful man said, There is a lion without, I shall be slain in the streets.

Cross References
Ecclesiastes 11:3
If the clouds are full of rain, they empty themselves on the earth, and if a tree falls to the south or to the north, in the place where the tree falls, there it will lie.

Ecclesiastes 11:5
As you do not know the way the spirit comes to the bones in the womb of a woman with child, so you do not know the work of God who makes everything.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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