Ecclesiastes 3:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
a time to kill, and a time to heal; a time to break down, and a time to build up;

King James Bible
A time to kill, and a time to heal; a time to break down, and a time to build up;

American Standard Version
a time to kill, and a time to heal; a time to break down, and a time to build up;

Douay-Rheims Bible
A time to kill, and a time to heal. A time to destroy, and a time to build.

English Revised Version
a time to kill, and a time to heal; a time to break down, and a time to build up;

Webster's Bible Translation
A time to kill, and a time to heal; a time to break down, and a time to build up;

Ecclesiastes 3:3 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"For what has man of all his labour, and the endeavours of his heart with which he wearies himself under the sun? All his days are certainly in sorrows, and his activity in grief; his heart resteth not even in the night: also this is vain." The question literally is: What is (comes forth, results) to a man from all his labour; for "to become, to be, to fall to, happen to," is the fundamental idea of הוה (whence here הוה, γινόμενον, as at Nehemiah 6:6, γενεεσόμενος) or היה, the root signification of which is deorsum ferri, cadere, and then accidere, fieri, whence הוּה, eagerness precipitating itself upon anything (vid., under Proverbs 10:3), or object.: fall, catastrophe, destruction. Instead of שׁהוּא, there is here to be written שׁהוּא,

(Note: Thus according to tradition, in H, J, P, vid., Michlol 47b, 215b, 216a; vid., also Norzi.)

as at Ecclesiastes 3:18 שׁהם. The question looks forward to a negative answer. What comes out of his labour for man? Nothing comes of it, nothing but disagreeableness. This negative contained in the question is established by כּי, 23a. The form of the clause, "all his days are sorrows," viz., as to their condition, follows the scheme, "the porch was 20 cubits," 2 Chronicles 3:4, viz., in measurement; or, "their feast is music and wine," Isaiah 5:12, viz., in its combination (vid., Philippi's Stat. Const. p. 90ff.). The parallel clause is וכעם ענינו, not כו; for the final syllable, or that having the accent on the penult, immediately preceding the Athnach-word, takes Kametz, as e.g., Leviticus 18:5; Proverbs 25:3; Isaiah 65:17 (cf. Olsh. 224, p. 440).

(Note: But cf. also ולא with Zakeph Katan, 2 Kings 5:17; ואר וגו with Tiphcha, Isaiah 26:19; and וריב under Psalm 45:10.)

Many interpreters falsely explain: at aegritudo est velut quotidiana occupatio ejus. For the sake of the parallelism, ענינו (from ענה, to weary oneself with labour, or also to strive, aim; vid., Psalmen, ii. 390) is subj. not pred.: his endeavour is grief, i.e., brings only grief or vexation with it.

Even in the night he has no rest; for even then, though he is not labouring, yet he is inwardly engaged about his labour and his plans. And this possession, acquired with such labour and restlessness, he must leave to others; for equally with the fool he fails under the stroke of death: he himself has no enjoyment, others have it; dying, he must leave all behind him, - threefold הבל, Ecclesiastes 2:17, Ecclesiastes 2:21, Ecclesiastes 2:23, and thus הבלים הבל.

Ecclesiastes 3:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

time to kill

Deuteronomy 32:39 See now that I, even I, am he, and there is no god with me: I kill, and I make alive; I wound...

1 Samuel 2:6,25 The LORD kills, and makes alive: he brings down to the grave, and brings up...

Hosea 6:1,2 Come, and let us return to the LORD: for he has torn, and he will heal us; he has smitten, and he will bind us up...

a time to heal

Numbers 26:6-9 Of Hezron, the family of the Hezronites: of Carmi, the family of the Carmites...

Isaiah 38:5 Go, and say to Hezekiah, Thus said the LORD, the God of David your father, I have heard your prayer, I have seen your tears: behold...

Jeremiah 33:6 Behold, I will bring it health and cure, and I will cure them, and will reveal to them the abundance of peace and truth.

Luke 9:54-56 And when his disciples James and John saw this, they said, Lord, will you that we command fire to come down from heaven...

Acts 5:15,16 So that they brought forth the sick into the streets, and laid them on beds and couches...

a time to break

Isaiah 5:5,6 And now go to; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up...

Isaiah 44:26 That confirms the word of his servant, and performes the counsel of his messengers; that said to Jerusalem, You shall be inhabited...

Jeremiah 31:28 And it shall come to pass, that like as I have watched over them, to pluck up, and to break down, and to throw down, and to destroy...

Jeremiah 45:4 Thus shall you say to him, The LORD said thus; Behold, that which I have built will I break down...

Ezekiel 13:14 So will I break down the wall that you have daubed with untempered mortar, and bring it down to the ground...

Daniel 9:25-27 Know therefore and understand...

Zechariah 1:12 Then the angel of the LORD answered and said, O LORD of hosts, how long will you not have mercy on Jerusalem and on the cities of Judah...

Cross References
Genesis 9:6
"Whoever sheds the blood of man, by man shall his blood be shed, for God made man in his own image.

1 Samuel 2:6
The LORD kills and brings to life; he brings down to Sheol and raises up.

Hosea 6:1
"Come, let us return to the LORD; for he has torn us, that he may heal us; he has struck us down, and he will bind us up.

Hosea 6:2
After two days he will revive us; on the third day he will raise us up, that we may live before him.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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