Ecclesiastes 3:7
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
a time to tear, and a time to sew; a time to keep silence, and a time to speak;

King James Bible
A time to rend, and a time to sew; a time to keep silence, and a time to speak;

American Standard Version
a time to rend, and a time to sew; a time to keep silence, and a time to speak;

Douay-Rheims Bible
A time to rend, and a time to sew. A time to keep silence, and a time to speak.

English Revised Version
a time to rend, and a time to sew; a time to keep silence, and a time to speak;

Webster's Bible Translation
A time to rend, and a time to sew; a time to keep silence, and a time to speak;

Ecclesiastes 3:7 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"Everything has its time, and every purpose under the heavens its hour." The Germ. language is poor in synonyms of time. Zckler translates: Everything has its Frist ..., but by Frist we think only of a fixed term of duration, not of a period of beginning, which, though not exclusively, is yet here primarily meant; we have therefore adopted Luther's excellent translation. Certainly זמן (from זמן, cogn. סמן, signare), belonging to the more modern Heb., means a Frist (e.g., Daniel 2:16) as well as a Zeitpunkt, point of time; in the Semit. (also Assyr. simmu, simanu, with ס) it is the most common designation of the idea of time. עת is abbreviated either from ענת (ועד, to determine) or from ענת (from ענה, cogn. אנה, to go towards, to meet). In the first case it stands connected with מועד on the one side, and with עדּן (from עדד, to count) on the other; in the latter case, with עונה, Exodus 21:10 (perhaps also ען and ענת in כען, כּענת). It is difficult to decide this point; proportionally more, however, can be said for the original ענת (Palest.-Aram. ענתּא), as also the prep. of participation את is derived from אנת (meeting, coming together).

(Note: Vid., Orelli's work on the Heb. Synon. der Zeit u. Ewigkeit, 1871. He decides for the derivation from ועד morf ; Fleischer (Levy's Chald. W.B. II. 572) for the derivation from ענה, the higher power of אנה, whence (Arab.) inan, right time. We have, under Job 24:1, maintained the former derivation.)

The author means to say, if we have regard to the root signification of the second conception of time - (1) that everything has its fore-determined time, in which there lies both a determined point of time when it happens, and a determined period of time during which it shall continue; and (2) that every matter has a time appointed for it, or one appropriate, suitable for it. The Greeks were guided by the right feeling when they rendered זמן by χρόνος , and עת by καιρός.

Olympiodorus distinguishes too sharply when he understands the former of duration of time, and the latter of a point of time; while the state of the matter is this, that by χρόνος the idea comprehends the termini a quo and ad quem, while by καιρός it is limited to the terminus a quo. Regarding חפץ, which proceeds from the ground-idea of being inclined to, and intention, and thus, like πρᾶγμα and χρῆμα, to the general signification of design, undertaking, res gesta, res.

The illustration commences with the beginning and the ending of the life of man and (in near-lying connection of thought) of plants.

Ecclesiastes 3:7 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

time to rend

Genesis 37:29,34 And Reuben returned to the pit; and, behold, Joseph was not in the pit; and he rent his clothes...

2 Samuel 1:11 Then David took hold on his clothes, and rent them; and likewise all the men that were with him:

2 Samuel 3:31 And David said to Joab, and to all the people that were with him, Rend your clothes, and gird you with sackcloth...

1 Kings 21:27 And it came to pass, when Ahab heard those words, that he rent his clothes, and put sackcloth on his flesh, and fasted...

2 Kings 5:7 And it came to pass, when the king of Israel had read the letter, that he rent his clothes, and said, Am I God...

2 Kings 6:30 And it came to pass, when the king heard the words of the woman, that he rent his clothes; and he passed by on the wall...

Jeremiah 36:24 Yet they were not afraid, nor rent their garments, neither the king, nor any of his servants that heard all these words.

Joel 2:13 And rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn to the LORD your God: for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger...

Acts 9:39 Then Peter arose and went with them. When he was come, they brought him into the upper chamber: and all the widows stood by him weeping...

time to keep

Job 2:13 So they sat down with him on the ground seven days and seven nights, and none spoke a word to him...

Psalm 39:2 I was dumb with silence, I held my peace, even from good; and my sorrow was stirred.

Isaiah 36:21 But they held their peace, and answered him not a word: for the king's commandment was, saying, Answer him not.

Jeremiah 8:14 Why do we sit still? assemble yourselves, and let us enter into the defended cities, and let us be silent there...

Lamentations 3:28 He sits alone and keeps silence, because he has borne it on him.

Amos 5:13 Therefore the prudent shall keep silence in that time; for it is an evil time.

Amos 8:3 And the songs of the temple shall be howlings in that day, said the Lord GOD: there shall be many dead bodies in every place...

Micah 7:5 Trust you not in a friend, put you not confidence in a guide: keep the doors of your mouth from her that lies in your bosom.

and a time to speak

Genesis 44:18,34 Then Judah came near to him, and said, Oh my lord, let your servant, I pray you, speak a word in my lord's ears...

1 Samuel 19:4,5 And Jonathan spoke good of David to Saul his father, and said to him, Let not the king sin against his servant, against David...

1 Samuel 25:24 And fell at his feet, and said, On me, my lord, on me let this iniquity be: and let your handmaid, I pray you...

Esther 4:13,14 Then Mordecai commanded to answer Esther, Think not with yourself that you shall escape in the king's house, more than all the Jews...

Esther 7:4 For we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish. But if we had been sold for slaves and bondwomen...

Job 32:4 Now Elihu had waited till Job had spoken, because they were elder than he.

Proverbs 24:11,12 If you forbear to deliver them that are drawn to death, and those that are ready to be slain...

Proverbs 31:8,9 Open your mouth for the dumb in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction...

Luke 19:37-40 And when he was come near, even now at the descent of the mount of Olives...

Acts 4:20 For we cannot but speak the things which we have seen and heard.

Cross References
Ecclesiastes 3:6
a time to seek, and a time to lose; a time to keep, and a time to cast away;

Amos 5:13
Therefore he who is prudent will keep silent in such a time, for it is an evil time.

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