Ecclesiastes 8:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
I say: Keep the king’s command, because of God’s oath to him.

King James Bible
I counsel thee to keep the king's commandment, and that in regard of the oath of God.

American Standard Version
I counsel thee , Keep the king's command, and that in regard of the oath of God.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I observe the mouth of the king, and the commandments of the oath of God.

English Revised Version
I counsel thee, Keep the king's command, and that in regard of the oath of God.

Webster's Bible Translation
I counsel thee to keep the king's commandment, and that in regard of the oath of God.

Ecclesiastes 8:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

But, on the other side, he can bear testimony to himself that he has honestly exercised himself in seeking to go to the foundation of things: "I turned myself, and my heart was there to discern, and to explore, and to seek wisdom, and the account, and to perceive wickedness as folly, and folly as madness." Regarding sabbothi, vid., under Ecclesiastes 2:20 : a turning is meant to the theme as given in what follows, which, as we have to suppose, was connected with a turning away form superficiality and frivolity. Almost all interpreters-as also the accentuation does - connect the two words ולבּי אני; but "I and my heart" is so unpsychological an expression, without example, that many Codd. (28 of Kennicott, 44 of de Rossi) read בּלבּי daer )i with my heart. The erasure of the vav (as e.g., Luther: "I applied my heart") would at the same time require the change of סבותי into הסבּותי. The Targ., Jerome, and the Venet. render the word בלבי; the lxx and Syr., on the contrary, ולבי; and this also is allowable, if we place the disjunctive on אני and take ולבי as consequent: my heart, i.e., my striving and effort, was to discern (Aben Ezra, Herzf., Stuart), - a substantival clause instead of the verbal את־לבּי ונתתּי, Ecclesiastes 1:13, Ecclesiastes 1:17. Regarding tur in an intellectual sense, vid., Ecclesiastes 1:13. Hhěshbon, with hhochmah, we have translated by "Rechenschaft" account, ratio; for we understand by it a knowledge well grounded and exact, and able to be established, - the facit of a calculation of all the facts and circumstances relating thereto; נתן חשׁבין is Mishnic, and equals the N.T. λόγον ἀποδιδόναι. Of the two accus. Ecclesiastes 7:25 following לדעת, the first, as may be supposed, and as the determination in the second member shows, is that of the obj., the second that of the pred. (Ewald, 284b): that רשׁע, i.e., conduct separating from God and from the law of that which is good, is kěsěl, Thorheit, folly (since, as Socrates also taught, all sinning rests on a false calculation, to the sinner's own injury); and that hassichluth, Narrheit, foolishness, stultitia (vid., sachal, and Ecclesiastes 1:17), is to be thus translated (in contradistinction to כּסל), i.e., an intellectual and moral obtuseness, living for the day, rising up into foolery, not different from holeloth, fury, madness, and thus like a physical malady, under which men are out of themselves, rage, and are mad. Koheleth's striving after wisdom thus, at least is the second instance (ולדעת), with a renunciation of the transcendental, went towards a practical end. And now he expresses by ומוצא one of the experiences he had reached in this way of research. How much value he attaches to this experience is evident from the long preface, by means of which it is as it were distilled. We see him there on the way to wisdom, to metaphysical wisdom, if we may so speak - it remains as far off from him as he seeks to come near to it. We then see him, yet not renouncing the effort after wisdom, on the way toward practical wisdom, which exercises itself in searching into the good and the bad; and that which has presented itself to him as the bitterest of the bitter is - a woman.

Ecclesiastes 8:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

i counsel

Proverbs 24:21 My son, fear you the LORD and the king: and meddle not with them that are given to change:

Romans 13:1-4 Let every soul be subject to the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God...

Titus 3:1 Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work,

1 Peter 2:13-17 Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: whether it be to the king, as supreme...

in regard

1 Kings 2:43 Why then have you not kept the oath of the LORD, and the commandment that I have charged you with?

1 Chronicles 29:24 And all the princes, and the mighty men, and all the sons likewise of king David, submitted themselves to Solomon the king.

Ezekiel 17:13-20 And has taken of the king's seed, and made a covenant with him, and has taken an oath of him: he has also taken the mighty of the land...

Romans 13:5 Why you must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake.

Cross References
Exodus 22:11
an oath by the LORD shall be between them both to see whether or not he has put his hand to his neighbor's property. The owner shall accept the oath, and he shall not make restitution.

2 Samuel 21:7
But the king spared Mephibosheth, the son of Saul's son Jonathan, because of the oath of the LORD that was between them, between David and Jonathan the son of Saul.

Ezekiel 17:18
He despised the oath in breaking the covenant, and behold, he gave his hand and did all these things; he shall not escape.

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