Ephesians 2:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
remember that you were at that time separated from Christ, alienated from the commonwealth of Israel and strangers to the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world.

King James Bible
That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:

American Standard Version
that ye were at that time separate from Christ, alienated from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of the promise, having no hope and without God in the world.

Douay-Rheims Bible
That you were at that time without Christ, being aliens from the conversation of Israel, and strangers to the testament, having no hope of the promise, and without God in this world.

English Revised Version
that ye were at that time separate from Christ, alienated from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of the promise, having no hope and without God in the world.

Webster's Bible Translation
That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:

Weymouth New Testament
At that time you were living apart from Christ, estranged from the Commonwealth of Israel, with no share by birth in the Covenants which are based on the Promises, and you had no hope and no God, in all the world.

Ephesians 2:12 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Being aliens (ἀπηλλοτριωμένοι)

Rev., better, giving the force of the verb, alienated. As they had once been otherwise. Paul speaks ideally of a spiritual commonwealth in which Jew and Gentile were together at peace with God, and of which the commonwealth of Israel is a type.

Israel

Selecting the most honorable title to describe the Jew. See on Acts 3:12. The reference is to the spiritual rather than to the national distinction. In being separated from Christ, they were separated from that commonwealth in which, according to the promise, Christ would have been to them, as to the faithful Israelites, the object of their faith and the ground of their salvation.

Covenants

The several renewals of God's covenant with the patriarchs.

Of promise (τῆς ἐπαγγελίας)

Better, the promise. The messianic promise, which was the basis of all the covenants.

Without God (ἄθεοι)

God-forsaken. It might also mean godless or impious. The gentile gods were no gods.

Ephesians 2:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

without.

John 10:16 And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold...

John 15:5 I am the vine, you are the branches: He that stays in me, and I in him, the same brings forth much fruit...

Colossians 1:21 And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now has he reconciled

aliens.

Ephesians 4:18 Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them...

Ezra 4:3 But Zerubbabel, and Jeshua, and the rest of the chief of the fathers of Israel, said to them...

Isaiah 61:5 And strangers shall stand and feed your flocks, and the sons of the alien shall be your plowmen and your vinedressers.

Ezekiel 13:9 And my hand shall be on the prophets that see vanity, and that divine lies: they shall not be in the assembly of my people...

Hebrews 11:34 Quenched the violence of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, out of weakness were made strong, waxed valiant in fight...

the covenants.

Genesis 15:18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, To your seed have I given this land...

Genesis 17:7-9 And I will establish my covenant between me and you and your seed after you in their generations for an everlasting covenant...

Exodus 24:3-11 And Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice...

Numbers 18:19 All the heave offerings of the holy things, which the children of Israel offer to the LORD, have I given you...

Psalm 89:3 I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn to David my servant,

*etc:

Jeremiah 31:31-34 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah...

Jeremiah 33:20-26 Thus said the LORD; If you can break my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night...

Ezekiel 37:26 Moreover I will make a covenant of peace with them; it shall be an everlasting covenant with them: and I will place them...

Luke 1:72 To perform the mercy promised to our fathers, and to remember his holy covenant;

Acts 3:25 You are the children of the prophets, and of the covenant which God made with our fathers, saying to Abraham...

Romans 9:4,5,8 Who are Israelites; to whom pertains the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God...

Galatians 3:16,17 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He said not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to your seed...

having.

Jeremiah 14:8 O the hope of Israel, the savior thereof in time of trouble, why should you be as a stranger in the land...

Jeremiah 17:13 O LORD, the hope of Israel, all that forsake you shall be ashamed, and they that depart from me shall be written in the earth...

John 4:22 You worship you know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews.

Acts 28:20 For this cause therefore have I called for you, to see you, and to speak with you...

Colossians 1:5,27 For the hope which is laid up for you in heaven, whereof you heard before in the word of the truth of the gospel...

1 Thessalonians 4:13 But I would not have you to be ignorant, brothers, concerning them which are asleep, that you sorrow not...

2 Thessalonians 2:16 Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God, even our Father, which has loved us...

1 Timothy 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the commandment of God our Savior, and Lord Jesus Christ, which is our hope;

Hebrews 6:18 That by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation...

1 Peter 1:3,21 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ...

1 Peter 3:15 But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts...

1 John 3:3 And every man that has this hope in him purifies himself, even as he is pure.

without.

2 Chronicles 15:3 Now for a long season Israel has been without the true God, and without a teaching priest, and without law.

Isaiah 44:6 Thus said the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last...

Isaiah 45:20 Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, you that are escaped of the nations...

Hosea 3:4 For the children of Israel shall abide many days without a king, and without a prince, and without a sacrifice, and without an image...

Acts 14:15,16 And saying, Sirs, why do you these things? We also are men of like passions with you...

Romans 1:28-32 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind...

1 Corinthians 8:4-6 As concerning therefore the eating of those things that are offered in sacrifice to idols, we know that an idol is nothing in the world...

1 Corinthians 10:19,20 What say I then? that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing...

Galatians 4:8 However, then, when you knew not God, you did service to them which by nature are no gods.

1 Thessalonians 4:5 Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God:

Cross References
Isaiah 14:1
For the LORD will have compassion on Jacob and will again choose Israel, and will set them in their own land, and sojourners will join them and will attach themselves to the house of Jacob.

Ezekiel 47:22
You shall allot it as an inheritance for yourselves and for the sojourners who reside among you and have had children among you. They shall be to you as native-born children of Israel. With you they shall be allotted an inheritance among the tribes of Israel.

Acts 2:39
For the promise is for you and for your children and for all who are far off, everyone whom the Lord our God calls to himself."

Romans 9:4
They are Israelites, and to them belong the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the worship, and the promises.

Galatians 3:17
This is what I mean: the law, which came 430 years afterward, does not annul a covenant previously ratified by God, so as to make the promise void.

Galatians 4:8
Formerly, when you did not know God, you were enslaved to those that by nature are not gods.

Ephesians 2:19
So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of God,

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