Ephesians 2:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
in which you once walked, following the course of this world, following the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work in the sons of disobedience—

King James Bible
Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience:

American Standard Version
wherein ye once walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the powers of the air, of the spirit that now worketh in the sons of disobedience;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Wherein in time past you walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of this air, of the spirit that now worketh on the children of unbelief:

English Revised Version
wherein aforetime ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that now worketh in the sons of disobedience;

Webster's Bible Translation
In which in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience:

Weymouth New Testament
which were once habitual to you while you walked in the ways of this world and obeyed the Prince of the powers of the air, the spirits that are now at work in the hearts of the sons of disobedience--to you God has given Life.

Ephesians 2:2 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Course (αἰῶνα)

Lit., age. See on John 1:9.

Power (ἐξουσίας)

Collective, the whole empire of evil spirits.

The air

According to Paul's usage, in the simple physical sense. See Acts 22:23; 1 Corinthians 9:26; 1 Thessalonians 4:17; Revelation 16:17. The air is regarded as the region of the demons' might.

The spirit

See on 1 Corinthians 2:12. The term designates the power over which Satan rules, on the side of its operation in men's hearts.

Now

With an implied reference to its former working in his readers. Compare once, Ephesians 2:3

Children of disobedience (υἱοῖς τῆς ἀπειθείας)

Compare Ephesians 5:6. A Hebraistic expression. Compare son of perdition, John 17:12; children of obedience, 1 Peter 1:14; children of cursing, 2 Peter 2:14. Rev., correctly, sons of disobedience: belonging to disobedience as sons to a parent.

Ephesians 2:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

in time.

Ephesians 2:3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind...

Ephesians 4:22 That you put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts;

Job 31:7 If my step has turned out of the way, and my heart walked after my eyes, and if any blot has stuck to my hands;

Acts 19:35 And when the town cleark had appeased the people, he said, You men of Ephesus...

1 Corinthians 6:11 And such were some of you: but you are washed, but you are sanctified, but you are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus...

Colossians 1:21 And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now has he reconciled

Colossians 3:7 In the which you also walked some time, when you lived in them.

1 Peter 4:3 For the time past of our life may suffice us to have worked the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts...

1 John 5:19 And we know that we are of God, and the whole world lies in wickedness.

walked according.

Psalm 17:14 From men which are your hand, O LORD, from men of the world, which have their portion in this life...

Jeremiah 23:10 For the land is full of adulterers; for because of swearing the land mourns; the pleasant places of the wilderness are dried up...

Luke 16:8 And the lord commended the unjust steward, because he had done wisely...

John 7:7 The world cannot hate you; but me it hates, because I testify of it, that the works thereof are evil.

John 8:23 And he said to them, You are from beneath; I am from above: you are of this world; I am not of this world.

John 15:19 If you were of the world, the world would love his own: but because you are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world...

Romans 12:2 And be not conformed to this world: but be you transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good...

1 Corinthians 5:10 Yet not altogether with the fornicators of this world, or with the covetous, or extortionists, or with idolaters...

Galatians 1:4 Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father:

2 Timothy 4:10 For Demas has forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is departed to Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus to Dalmatia.

James 1:7 For let not that man think that he shall receive any thing of the Lord.

James 4:4 You adulterers and adulteresses, know you not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God?...

1 John 2:15-17 Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him...

1 John 5:4 For whatever is born of God overcomes the world: and this is the victory that overcomes the world, even our faith.

the prince.

Ephesians 6:12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers...

John 8:44 You are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father you will do. He was a murderer from the beginning...

John 12:31 Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out.

John 14:30 Hereafter I will not talk much with you: for the prince of this world comes, and has nothing in me.

John 16:11 Of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged.

1 John 5:19 And we know that we are of God, and the whole world lies in wickedness.

Revelation 12:9 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceives the whole world...

Revelation 13:8,14 And all that dwell on the earth shall worship him...

Revelation 20:2 And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years,

of the air.

Job 1:7,16,19 And the LORD said to Satan, From where come you? Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth...

Revelation 16:17 And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne...

the spirit.

Matthew 12:43-45 When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walks through dry places, seeking rest, and finds none...

Luke 11:21-26 When a strong man armed keeps his palace, his goods are in peace...

Luke 22:2,3,31 And the chief priests and scribes sought how they might kill him; for they feared the people...

John 13:2,27 And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him...

Acts 5:3 But Peter said, Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the land?

2 Corinthians 4:4 In whom the god of this world has blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ...

1 John 3:8 He that commits sin is of the devil; for the devil sins from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested...

1 John 4:4 You are of God, little children, and have overcome them: because greater is he that is in you, than he that is in the world.

the children.

Ephesians 2:3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind...

Ephesians 5:6 Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of these things comes the wrath of God on the children of disobedience.

Isaiah 30:1 Woe to the rebellious children, said the LORD, that take counsel, but not of me; and that cover with a covering, but not of my spirit...

Isaiah 57:4 Against whom do you sport yourselves? against whom make you a wide mouth, and draw out the tongue?...

Hosea 10:9 O Israel, you have sinned from the days of Gibeah: there they stood...

Matthew 11:19 The Son of man came eating and drinking, and they say, Behold a man gluttonous, and a drunkard, a friend of publicans and sinners...

Matthew 13:38 The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one;

Colossians 3:6 For which things' sake the wrath of God comes on the children of disobedience:

1 Peter 1:14 As obedient children, not fashioning yourselves according to the former lusts in your ignorance:

*Gr:

2 Peter 2:14 Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls...

*Gr:

1 John 3:10 In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil: whoever does not righteousness is not of God...

Cross References
Matthew 13:22
As for what was sown among thorns, this is the one who hears the word, but the cares of the world and the deceitfulness of riches choke the word, and it proves unfruitful.

Mark 4:19
but the cares of the world and the deceitfulness of riches and the desires for other things enter in and choke the word, and it proves unfruitful.

John 12:31
Now is the judgment of this world; now will the ruler of this world be cast out.

1 Corinthians 6:11
And such were some of you. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God.

Ephesians 1:21
far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and above every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come.

Ephesians 2:3
among whom we all once lived in the passions of our flesh, carrying out the desires of the body and the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, like the rest of mankind.

Ephesians 2:11
Therefore remember that at one time you Gentiles in the flesh, called "the uncircumcision" by what is called the circumcision, which is made in the flesh by hands--

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