Ephesians 4:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Therefore it says, “When he ascended on high he led a host of captives, and he gave gifts to men.”

King James Bible
Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.

American Standard Version
Wherefore he saith, When he ascended on high, he led captivity captive, And gave gifts unto men.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Wherefore he saith: Ascending on high, he led captivity captive; he gave gifts to men.

English Revised Version
Wherefore he saith, When he ascended on high, he led captivity captive, And gave gifts unto men.

Webster's Bible Translation
Wherefore he saith, When he ascended on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts to men.

Weymouth New Testament
For this reason Scripture says: "He re-ascended on high, He led captive a host of captives, and gave gifts to men."

Ephesians 4:8 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Wherefore

Confirming by Scripture what has just been said.

When He ascended, etc.

Quoted from Psalm 68:19 (Sept. 67:18). The Hebrew reads: "Ascending to the height thou didst lead captive captivity, and received gifts in man." So Sept. Paul changes thou didst lead, didst receive, into he lead and he gave. The Psalm is Messianic, a hymn of victory in which God is praised for victory and deliverance. It is freely adapted by Paul, who regards its substance rather than its letter, and uses it as an expression of the divine triumph as fulfilled in Christ's victory over death and sin.

Ascended

The ascent of Jehovah is realized in Christ's ascent into heaven.

Captivity

Abstract for the body of captives. See on Luke 4:18. The captives are not the redeemed, but the enemies of Christ's kingdom, Satan, Sin, and Death. Compare on Colossians 2:15, and 2 Corinthians 2:14.

Gave

In the Hebrew and Septuagint, received or took; but with the sense received in order to distribute among men. Compare Genesis 15:9, take for me: Genesis 18:5, I will fetch for you: Exodus 27:20, bring thee, i.e., take and present to thee: Acts 2:33, "Having received of the Father, etc., He hath shed forth." Thus Paul interprets the received of the Old Testament. His point is the distribution of grace by Christ in varied measure to individuals. He confirms this by Scripture, seeing in the Jehovah of this Old-Testament passage the Christ of the New Testament - one Redeemer under both covenants - and applying the Psalmist's address to Christ who distributes the results of His victory among His loyal subjects. These results are enumerated in Ephesians 4:11 sqq.

Ephesians 4:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

When. See on

Psalm 68:18 You have ascended on high, you have led captivity captive: you have received gifts for men; yes, for the rebellious also...

he led.

Judges 5:12 Awake, awake, Deborah: awake, awake, utter a song: arise, Barak, and lead your captivity captive, you son of Abinoam.

Colossians 2:15 And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a show of them openly, triumphing over them in it.

captivity. or, a multitude of captives. and.

1 Samuel 30:26 And when David came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil to the elders of Judah, even to his friends, saying...

Esther 2:18 Then the king made a great feast to all his princes and his servants, even Esther's feast; and he made a release to the provinces...

Cross References
Judges 5:12
"Awake, awake, Deborah! Awake, awake, break out in a song! Arise, Barak, lead away your captives, O son of Abinoam.

Psalm 68:18
You ascended on high, leading a host of captives in your train and receiving gifts among men, even among the rebellious, that the LORD God may dwell there.

Proverbs 30:4
Who has ascended to heaven and come down? Who has gathered the wind in his fists? Who has wrapped up the waters in a garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is his name, and what is his son's name? Surely you know!

Ephesians 4:11
And he gave the apostles, the prophets, the evangelists, the shepherds and teachers,

Colossians 2:15
He disarmed the rulers and authorities and put them to open shame, by triumphing over them in him.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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