Esther 1:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
in the third year of his reign he gave a feast for all his officials and servants. The army of Persia and Media and the nobles and governors of the provinces were before him,

King James Bible
In the third year of his reign, he made a feast unto all his princes and his servants; the power of Persia and Media, the nobles and princes of the provinces, being before him:

American Standard Version
in the third year of his reign, he made a feast unto all his princes and his servants; the power of Persia and Media, the nobles and princes of the provinces, being before him;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now in the third year of his reign he made a great feast for all the princes, and for his servants, for the most mighty of the Persians, and the nobles of the Medes, and the governors of the provinces in his sight,

English Revised Version
in the third year of his reign, he made a feast unto all his princes and his servants; the power of Persia and Media, the nobles and princes of the provinces, being before him:

Webster's Bible Translation
In the third year of his reign, he made a feast to all his princes and his servants; the power of Persia and Media, the nobles and princes of the provinces, being before him:

Esther 1:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Nehemiah acted with greater severity towards one of the sons of Joiada the high priest, and son-in-law of Sanballat. He drove him from him (מעלי, that he might not be a burden to me). The reason for this is not expressly stated, but is involved in the fact that he was son-in-law to Sanballat, i.e., had married a daughter of Sanballat the Horonite (Nehemiah 2:10), who was so hostile to Nehemiah and to the Jewish community in general, and would not comply with the demand of Nehemiah that he should dismiss this wife. In this case, Nehemiah was obliged to interfere with authority. For this marriage was a pollution of the priesthood, and a breach of the covenant of the priesthood and the Levites. Hence he closes the narrative of this occurrence with the wish, Nehemiah 13:29, that God would be mindful of them (להם, of those who had done such evil) on account of this pollution, etc., i.e., would punish or chastise them for it. גּאלי, stat. constr. pl. from גּאל, pollution (plurale tant.). It was a pollution of the priesthood to marry a heathen woman, such marriage being opposed to the sacredness of the priestly office, which a priest was to consider even in the choice of a wife, and because of which he might marry neither a whore, nor a feeble nor a divorced woman, while the high priest mighty marry only a virgin of his own people (Leviticus 21:7, Leviticus 21:14). The son of Joiada who had married a daughter of Sanballat was not indeed his presumptive successor (Johanan, Nehemiah 12:11), for then he would have been spoken of by name, but a younger son, and therefore a simple priest; he was, however, so nearly related to the high priest, that by his marriage with a heathen woman the holiness of the high-priestly house was polluted, and therewith also "the covenant of the priesthood," i.e., not the covenant of the everlasting priesthood which God granted to Phinehas for his zeal (Numbers 25:13), but the covenant which God concluded with the tribe of Levi, the priesthood, and the Levites, by choosing the tribe of Levi, and of that tribe Aaron and his descendants, to be His priest (לו לכהנו, Exodus 28:1). This covenant required, on the part of the priests, that they should be "holy to the Lord" (Leviticus 21:6, Leviticus 21:8), who had chosen them to be ministers of His sanctuary and stewards of His grace.

Josephus (Ant. xi. 7. 2) relates the similar fact, that Manasseh, a brother of the high priest Jaddua, married Nikaso, a daughter of the satrap Sanballat, a Cuthite; that when the Jewish authorities on that account excluded him from the priesthood, he established, by the assistant of his father-in-law, the temple and worship on Mount Gerizim (xi. 8. 2-4), and that many priests made common cause with him. Now, though Josephus calls this Manasseh a brother of Jaddua, thus making him a grandson of Joiada, and transposing the establishment of the Samaritan worship on Gerizim to the last years of Darius Codomannus and the first of Alexander of Macedon, it can scarcely be misunderstood that, notwithstanding these discrepancies, the same occurrence which Nehemiah relates in the present verses is intended by Josephus. The view of older theologians, to which also Petermann (art. Samaria in Herzog's Realenc. xiii. p. 366f.) assents, that there were two Sanballats, one in the days of Nehemiah, the other in the time of Alexander the Great, and that both had sons-in-law belonging to the high-priestly family, is very improbable; and the transposition of the fact by Josephus to the times of Darius Codomannus and Alexander accords with the usual and universally acknowledged incorrectness of his chronological combinations. He makes, e.g., Nehemiah arrive at Jerusalem in the twenty-fifth year of Xerxes, instead of the twentieth of Artaxerxes, while Xerxes reigned only twenty years.

Esther 1:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M.

3542. B.C.

462. he made.

Esther 2:18 Then the king made a great feast to all his princes and his servants, even Esther's feast; and he made a release to the provinces...

Genesis 40:20 And it came to pass the third day, which was Pharaoh's birthday, that he made a feast to all his servants...

1 Kings 3:15 And Solomon awoke; and, behold, it was a dream. And he came to Jerusalem, and stood before the ark of the covenant of the LORD...

Daniel 5:1 Belshazzar the king made a great feast to a thousand of his lords, and drank wine before the thousand.

Mark 6:21 And when a convenient day was come, that Herod on his birthday made a supper to his lords, high captains, and chief estates of Galilee;

of Persia.

Esther 1:14 And the next to him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan...

Ezra 1:2 Thus said Cyrus king of Persia, The LORD God of heaven has given me all the kingdoms of the earth...

Isaiah 21:2 A grievous vision is declared to me; the treacherous dealer deals treacherously, and the spoiler spoils. Go up, O Elam: besiege...

Jeremiah 51:11 Make bright the arrows; gather the shields: the LORD has raised up the spirit of the kings of the Medes...

Daniel 5:28 PERES; Your kingdom is divided, and given to the Medes and Persians.

Daniel 8:20 The ram which you saw having two horns are the kings of Media and Persia.

the nobles.

Daniel 3:2,3 Then Nebuchadnezzar the king sent to gather together the princes, the governors, and the captains, the judges, the treasurers...

Daniel 6:1,6,7 It pleased Darius to set over the kingdom an hundred and twenty princes, which should be over the whole kingdom...

Cross References
Mark 6:21
But an opportunity came when Herod on his birthday gave a banquet for his nobles and military commanders and the leading men of Galilee.

Esther 1:4
while he showed the riches of his royal glory and the splendor and pomp of his greatness for many days, 180 days.

Esther 2:18
Then the king gave a great feast for all his officials and servants; it was Esther's feast. He also granted a remission of taxes to the provinces and gave gifts with royal generosity.

Daniel 5:1
King Belshazzar made a great feast for a thousand of his lords and drank wine in front of the thousand.

Jump to Previous
Army Attendants Banquet Captains Chiefs Divisions Feast Force Governors Great Heads Kingdom Leaders Media Military Nobles Officers Officials Persia Power Presence Princes Provinces Reign Rule Rulers Servants Third
Jump to Next
Army Attendants Banquet Captains Chiefs Divisions Feast Force Governors Great Heads Kingdom Leaders Media Military Nobles Officers Officials Persia Power Presence Princes Provinces Reign Rule Rulers Servants Third
Links
Esther 1:3 NIV
Esther 1:3 NLT
Esther 1:3 ESV
Esther 1:3 NASB
Esther 1:3 KJV

Esther 1:3 Bible Apps
Esther 1:3 Biblia Paralela
Esther 1:3 Chinese Bible
Esther 1:3 French Bible
Esther 1:3 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Esther 1:2
Top of Page
Top of Page