Esther 8:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The Jews had light and gladness and joy and honor.

King James Bible
The Jews had light, and gladness, and joy, and honour.

American Standard Version
The Jews had light and gladness, and joy and honor.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But to the Jews a new light seemed to rise, joy, honour, and dancing.

English Revised Version
The Jews had light and gladness, and joy and honour.

Webster's Bible Translation
The Jews had light, and gladness, and joy, and honor.

Esther 8:16 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

These letters were prepared in the same manner as those of Haman (Esther 3:12-15), on the 23rd day of the third month, the month Sivan, and sent into all the provinces. "And it was written according to all that Mordochai commanded." They were sent to the Jews and to the satraps, etc., of the whole wide realm from India to Ethiopia (see Esther 1:1), while those of Haman had been issued only to the satraps, etc. The rest coincides with Esther 3:12. ויּכתּב, and he (Mordochai) wrote. To show the speed with which the letters were despatched, (messengers) "on horseback, on coursers, government coursers, the sons of the stud," is added to הרצים בּיד. רכשׁ is a collective, meaning swift horses, coursers; comp. 1 Kings 5:8. אחשׁתּרנים (Esther 8:11 and Esther 8:14) answers to the Old-Persian kschatrana, from kschatra, government, king, and means government, royal, or court studs. So Haug in Ewald's bibl. Jahrb. v. p. 154. The older explanation, mules, on the other hand, is founded on the modern Persian estar, which, to judge from the Sanscrit avatara, must in ancient Persian have been apatara. רמּכים, ἁπ. λεγ. from רמּך, answering to the Syriac remakaa', herd, especially a herd of horses, and to the Arabic ramaka, stud, is explained by Bertheau as a superlative form for the animal who excels the rest of the herd of stud in activity, perhaps the breeding stallion, while others understand it of the stud in general. The contents of the edict follow in Esther 8:11 and Esther 8:12 : "that the king allows the Jews in every city to assemble and to stand for their life (i.e., to fight for their lives, comp. Daniel 12:1), to destroy, to slay, and to cause to perish all the power (חיל, military power) of the people and province that should assault them, children and women, and to plunder their property, upon a certain day," etc. The appointed time is thus stated as in Esther 3:13. The Jews were thus authorized to attack and destroy all enemies who should assault them on the day appointed for their extermination. Esther 8:13 coincides with Esther 3:14, with this difference, that the Jews are to be ready on this day to avenge themselves on their enemies. Esther 8:14 also is similar to Esther 3:15, except that the expression is strengthened by an addition to הרצים as in Esther 8:10, and by that of דּחוּפים, urged on, to מבהלים, hastened, to point out the utmost despatch possible.

Esther 8:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Jews.

Esther 4:1-3,16 When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes...

Psalm 30:5-11 For his anger endures but a moment; in his favor is life: weeping may endure for a night, but joy comes in the morning...

had light. That is, prosperity and hope. The dark cloud which had so long hung over them was dispelled; and again the sunshine of prosperity beamed upon them.

Esther 9:17 On the thirteenth day of the month Adar; and on the fourteenth day of the same rested they, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.

Psalm 18:28 For you will light my candle: the LORD my God will enlighten my darkness.

Psalm 97:11 Light is sown for the righteous, and gladness for the upright in heart.

Proverbs 4:18,19 But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shines more and more to the perfect day...

Proverbs 11:10 When it goes well with the righteous, the city rejoices: and when the wicked perish, there is shouting.

Isaiah 30:29,30 You shall have a song, as in the night when a holy solemnity is kept; and gladness of heart...

Isaiah 35:10 And the ransomed of the LORD shall return, and come to Zion with songs and everlasting joy on their heads...

Cross References
Psalm 97:11
Light is sown for the righteous, and joy for the upright in heart.

Psalm 112:4
Light dawns in the darkness for the upright; he is gracious, merciful, and righteous.

Psalm 118:27
The LORD is God, and he has made his light to shine upon us. Bind the festal sacrifice with cords, up to the horns of the altar!

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