Exodus 18:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Now obey my voice; I will give you advice, and God be with you! You shall represent the people before God and bring their cases to God,

King James Bible
Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee counsel, and God shall be with thee: Be thou for the people to God-ward, that thou mayest bring the causes unto God:

American Standard Version
Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee counsel, and God be with thee: be thou for the people to God-ward, and bring thou the causes unto God:

Douay-Rheims Bible
But hear my words and counsels, and God shall be with thee. Be thou to the people in those things that pertain to God, to bring their words to him:

English Revised Version
Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee counsel, and God be with thee: be thou for the people to God-ward, and bring thou the causes unto God:

Webster's Bible Translation
Hearken now to my voice, I will give thee counsel, and God shall be with thee: Be thou for the people toward God, that thou mayest bring the causes to God:

Exodus 18:19 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The next day Jethro saw how Moses was occupied from morning till evening in judging the people, who brought all their disputes to him, that he might settle them according to the statutes of God. על עמד: as in Genesis 18:8. The people came to Moses "to seek or inquire of God" (Genesis 18:15), i.e., to ask for a decision from God: in most cases, this means to inquire through an oracle; here it signifies to desire a divine decision as to questions in dispute. By judging or deciding the cases brought before him, Moses made known to the people the ordinances and laws of God. For every decision was based upon some law, which, like all true justice here on earth, emanated first of all from God. This is the meaning of Genesis 18:16, and not, as Knobel supposes, that Moses made use of the questions in dispute, at the time they were decided, as good opportunities for giving laws to the people. Jethro condemned this plan (Genesis 18:18.) as exhausting, wearing out (נבל lit., to fade away, Psalm 37:2), both for Moses and the people: for the latter, inasmuch as they not only got wearied out through long waiting, but, judging from Genesis 18:23, very often began to take the law into their own hands on account of the delay in the judicial decision, and so undermined the well-being of the community at large; and for Moses, inasmuch as the work was necessarily too great for him, and he could not continue for any length of time to sustain such a burden alone (Genesis 18:18). The obsolete form of the inf. const. עשׂהוּ for עשׂתו is only used here, but is not without analogies in the Pentateuch. Jethro advised him (Genesis 18:19.) to appoint judged from the people for all the smaller matters in dispute, so that in future only the more difficult cases, which really needed a superior or divine decision, would be brought to him that he might lay them before God. "I will give thee counsel, and God be with thee (i.e., help thee to carry out this advice): Be thou to the people האלהים מוּל, towards God," i.e., lay their affairs before God, take the place of God in matters of judgment, or, as Luther expresses it, "take charge of the people before God." To this end, in the first place, he was to instruct the people in the commandments of God, and their own walk and conduct (הזהיר with a double accusative, to enlighten, instruct; שדרך the walk, the whole behaviour; מעשׂה particular actions); secondly, he was to select able men (חיל אנשׁי men of moral strength, 1 Kings 1:52) as judges, men who were God-fearing, sincere, and unselfish (gain-hating), and appoint them to administer justice to the people, by deciding the simpler matters themselves, and only referring the more difficult questions to him, and so to lighten his own duties by sharing the burden with these judges. מעליך הקל (Genesis 18:22) "make light of (that which lies) upon thee." If he would do this, and God would command him, he would be able to stand, and the people would come to their place, i.e., to Canaan, in good condition (בּשׁלום). The apodosis cannot begin with וצוּך, "then God will establish thee," for צוּה never has this meaning; but the idea is this, "if God should preside over the execution of the plan proposed."

Exodus 18:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

hearken

Exodus 18:24 So Moses listened to the voice of his father in law, and did all that he had said.

Proverbs 9:9 Give instruction to a wise man, and he will be yet wiser: teach a just man, and he will increase in learning.

God shall

Exodus 3:12 And he said, Certainly I will be with you; and this shall be a token to you, that I have sent you...

Exodus 4:12 Now therefore go, and I will be with your mouth, and teach you what you shall say.

Genesis 39:2 And the LORD was with Joseph, and he was a prosperous man; and he was in the house of his master the Egyptian.

Deuteronomy 20:1 When you go out to battle against your enemies, and see horses, and chariots, and a people more than you, be not afraid of them...

Joshua 1:9 Have not I commanded you? Be strong and of a good courage; be not afraid, neither be you dismayed...

2 Samuel 14:17 Then your handmaid said, The word of my lord the king shall now be comfortable: for as an angel of God...

Matthew 28:20 Teaching them to observe all things whatever I have commanded you: and, see, I am with you always, even to the end of the world. Amen.

be thou

Exodus 18:15 And Moses said to his father in law, Because the people come to me to inquire of God:

Exodus 4:16 And he shall be your spokesman to the people: and he shall be, even he shall be to you instead of a mouth...

Exodus 20:19 And they said to Moses, Speak you with us, and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we die.

Deuteronomy 5:5 (I stood between the LORD and you at that time, to show you the word of the LORD: for you were afraid by reason of the fire...

bring

Numbers 27:5 And Moses brought their cause before the LORD.

Cross References
Numbers 27:5
Moses brought their case before the LORD.

Exodus 18:20
and you shall warn them about the statutes and the laws, and make them know the way in which they must walk and what they must do.

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