Exodus 21:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
If he takes another wife to himself, he shall not diminish her food, her clothing, or her marital rights.

King James Bible
If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.

American Standard Version
If he take him another wife ; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And if he take another wife for him, he shall provide her a marriage, and raiment, neither shall he refuse the price of her chastity.

English Revised Version
If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.

Webster's Bible Translation
If he shall take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage shall he not diminish.

Exodus 21:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

There were three different circumstances possible, under which emancipation might take place. The servant might have been unmarried and continued so (בּגפּו: with his body, i.e., alone, single): in that case, of course, there was no one else to set at liberty. Or he might have brought a wife with him; and in that case his wife was to be set at liberty as well. Or his master might have given him a wife in his bondage, and she might have borne him children: in that case the wife and children were to continue the property of the master. This may appear oppressive, but it was an equitable consequence of the possession of property in slaves at all. At the same time, in order to modify the harshness of such a separation of husband and wife, the option was given to the servant to remain in his master's service, provided he was willing to renounce his liberty for ever (Exodus 21:5, Exodus 21:6). This would very likely be the case as a general rule; for there were various legal arrangements, which are mentioned in other places, by which the lot of Hebrew slaves was greatly softened and placed almost on an equality with that of hired labourers (cf. Exodus 23:12; Leviticus 25:6, Leviticus 25:39, Leviticus 25:43, Leviticus 25:53; Deuteronomy 12:18; Deuteronomy 16:11). In this case the master was to take his servant האלהים אל, lit., to God, i.e., according to the correct rendering of the lxx, πρὸς τὸ κριτήριον, to the place where judgment was given in the name of God (Deuteronomy 1:17; cf. Exodus 22:7-8, and Deuteronomy 19:17), in order that he might make a declaration there that he gave up his liberty. His ear was then to be bored with an awl against the door or lintel of the house, and by this sign, which was customary in many of the nations of antiquity, to be fastened as it were to the house for ever. That this was the meaning of the piercing of the ear against the door of the house, is evident from the unusual expression in Deuteronomy 15:17, "and put (the awl) into his ear and into the door, that he may be thy servant for ever," where the ear and the door are co-ordinates. "For ever," i.e., as long as he lives. Josephus and the Rabbins would restrict the service to the time ending with the year of jubilee, but without sufficient reason, and contrary to the usage of the language, as לעלם is used in Leviticus 25:46 to denote service which did not terminate with the year of jubilee. (See the remarks on Leviticus 25:10; also my Archologie.)

Exodus 21:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

her food. Sheairah, 'her flesh;' he shall not only afford her a sufficient quantity of food, as before, but of the same quality. She is not to be fed, like a common slave, with a sufficiency of bread, vegetables, milk, but with her customary supply of flesh, and other agreeable articles of food.

1 Corinthians 7:1-6 Now concerning the things whereof you wrote to me: It is good for a man not to touch a woman...

Cross References
1 Corinthians 7:3
The husband should give to his wife her conjugal rights, and likewise the wife to her husband.

1 Corinthians 7:5
Do not deprive one another, except perhaps by agreement for a limited time, that you may devote yourselves to prayer; but then come together again, so that Satan may not tempt you because of your lack of self-control.

Exodus 21:9
If he designates her for his son, he shall deal with her as with a daughter.

Exodus 21:11
And if he does not do these three things for her, she shall go out for nothing, without payment of money.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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