Exodus 21:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Whoever strikes a man so that he dies shall be put to death.

King James Bible
He that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death.

American Standard Version
He that smiteth a man, so that he dieth, shall surely be put to death.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that striketh a man with a will to kill him, shall be put to death.

English Revised Version
He that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall surely be put to death.

Webster's Bible Translation
He that smiteth a man, so that he dieth, shall be surely put to death.

Exodus 21:12 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

There were three different circumstances possible, under which emancipation might take place. The servant might have been unmarried and continued so (בּגפּו: with his body, i.e., alone, single): in that case, of course, there was no one else to set at liberty. Or he might have brought a wife with him; and in that case his wife was to be set at liberty as well. Or his master might have given him a wife in his bondage, and she might have borne him children: in that case the wife and children were to continue the property of the master. This may appear oppressive, but it was an equitable consequence of the possession of property in slaves at all. At the same time, in order to modify the harshness of such a separation of husband and wife, the option was given to the servant to remain in his master's service, provided he was willing to renounce his liberty for ever (Exodus 21:5, Exodus 21:6). This would very likely be the case as a general rule; for there were various legal arrangements, which are mentioned in other places, by which the lot of Hebrew slaves was greatly softened and placed almost on an equality with that of hired labourers (cf. Exodus 23:12; Leviticus 25:6, Leviticus 25:39, Leviticus 25:43, Leviticus 25:53; Deuteronomy 12:18; Deuteronomy 16:11). In this case the master was to take his servant האלהים אל, lit., to God, i.e., according to the correct rendering of the lxx, πρὸς τὸ κριτήριον, to the place where judgment was given in the name of God (Deuteronomy 1:17; cf. Exodus 22:7-8, and Deuteronomy 19:17), in order that he might make a declaration there that he gave up his liberty. His ear was then to be bored with an awl against the door or lintel of the house, and by this sign, which was customary in many of the nations of antiquity, to be fastened as it were to the house for ever. That this was the meaning of the piercing of the ear against the door of the house, is evident from the unusual expression in Deuteronomy 15:17, "and put (the awl) into his ear and into the door, that he may be thy servant for ever," where the ear and the door are co-ordinates. "For ever," i.e., as long as he lives. Josephus and the Rabbins would restrict the service to the time ending with the year of jubilee, but without sufficient reason, and contrary to the usage of the language, as לעלם is used in Leviticus 25:46 to denote service which did not terminate with the year of jubilee. (See the remarks on Leviticus 25:10; also my Archologie.)

Exodus 21:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Exodus 20:13 You shall not kill.

Genesis 9:6 Whoever sheds man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man.

Leviticus 24:17 And he that kills any man shall surely be put to death.

Numbers 35:16-24,30,31 And if he smite him with an instrument of iron, so that he die, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death...

Deuteronomy 19:11-13 But if any man hate his neighbor, and lie in wait for him, and rise up against him, and smite him mortally that he die...

2 Samuel 12:13 And David said to Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD. And Nathan said to David, The LORD also has put away your sin...

Matthew 26:52 Then said Jesus to him, Put up again your sword into his place: for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword.

Cross References
Matthew 26:52
Then Jesus said to him, "Put your sword back into its place. For all who take the sword will perish by the sword.

Genesis 9:5
And for your lifeblood I will require a reckoning: from every beast I will require it and from man. From his fellow man I will require a reckoning for the life of man.

Genesis 9:6
"Whoever sheds the blood of man, by man shall his blood be shed, for God made man in his own image.

Exodus 20:13
"You shall not murder.

Exodus 21:11
And if he does not do these three things for her, she shall go out for nothing, without payment of money.

Leviticus 24:17
"Whoever takes a human life shall surely be put to death.

Numbers 35:16
"But if he struck him down with an iron object, so that he died, he is a murderer. The murderer shall be put to death.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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