Exodus 21:27
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
If he knocks out the tooth of his slave, male or female, he shall let the slave go free because of his tooth.

King James Bible
And if he smite out his manservant's tooth, or his maidservant's tooth; he shall let him go free for his tooth's sake.

American Standard Version
And if he smite out his man-servant's tooth, or his maid-servant's tooth, he shall let him go free for his tooth's sake.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Also if he strike out a tooth of his manservant or maidservant, he shall in like manner make them free.

English Revised Version
And if he smite out his manservant's tooth, or his maidservant's tooth; he shall let him go free for his tooth's sake.

Webster's Bible Translation
And if he shall smite out his man-servant's tooth, or his maid-servant's tooth; he shall let him go free for his tooth's sake.

Exodus 21:27 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The case was different with regard to a slave. The master had always the right to punish or "chasten" him with a stick (Proverbs 10:13; Proverbs 13:24); this right was involved in the paternal authority of the master over the servants in his possession. The law was therefore confined to the abuse of this authority in outbursts of passion, in which case, "if the servant or the maid should die under his hand (i.e., under his blows), he was to be punished" (ינּקם נקם: "vengeance shall surely be taken"). But in what the נקם was to consist is not explained; certainly not in slaying by the sword, as the Jewish commentators maintain. The lawgiver would have expressed this by יוּמת מות. No doubt it was left to the authorities to determine this according to the circumstances. The law in Exodus 21:12 could hardly be applied to a case of this description, although it was afterwards extended to foreigners as well as natives (Leviticus 24:21-22), for the simple reason, that it is hardly conceivable that a master would intentionally kill his slave, who was his possession and money. How far the lawgiver was from presupposing any such intention here, is evident from the law which follows in Exodus 21:21, "Notwithstanding, if he continue a day or two (i.e., remain alive), it shall not be avenged, for he is his money." By the continuance of his life, if only for a day or two, it would become perfectly evident that the master did not wish to kill his servant; and if nevertheless he died after this, the loss of the slave was punishment enough for the master. There is no ground whatever for restricting this regulation, as the Rabbins do, to slaves who were not of Hebrew extraction.

Exodus 21:27 Parallel Commentaries

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Cross References
Exodus 21:26
"When a man strikes the eye of his slave, male or female, and destroys it, he shall let the slave go free because of his eye.

Exodus 21:28
"When an ox gores a man or a woman to death, the ox shall be stoned, and its flesh shall not be eaten, but the owner of the ox shall not be liable.

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Account Blow Bondman's Caused Compensate Female Free Freeman Handmaid Knock Knocks Loss Maidservant Maid-Servant's Male Manservant Man-Servant Sake Servant Servant's Slave Smite Strikes Tooth
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Account Blow Bondman's Caused Compensate Female Free Freeman Handmaid Knock Knocks Loss Maidservant Maid-Servant's Male Manservant Man-Servant Sake Servant Servant's Slave Smite Strikes Tooth
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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