Exodus 22:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Whoever lies with an animal shall be put to death.

King James Bible
Whosoever lieth with a beast shall surely be put to death.

American Standard Version
Whosoever lieth with a beast shall surely be put to death.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Whosoever copulateth with a beast shall be put to death.

English Revised Version
Whosoever lieth with a beast shall surely be put to death.

Webster's Bible Translation
Whoever lieth with a beast shall surely be put to death.

Exodus 22:19 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

If an animal entrusted to a neighbour to take care of had either died or hurt itself (נשׁבּר, broken a limb), or been driven away by robbers when out at grass (1 Chronicles 5:21; 2 Chronicles 14:14, cf. Job 1:15, Job 1:17), without any one (else) seeing it, an oath was to be taken before Jehovah between both (the owner and the keeper of it), "whether he had not stretched out his hand to his neighbour's property," i.e., either killed, or mutilated, or disposed of the animal. This case differs from the previous one, not only in the fact that the animal had either become useless to the owner or was altogether lost, but also in the fact that the keeper, if his statement were true, had not been at all to blame in the matter. The only way in which this could be decided, if there was ראה אין, i.e., no other eye-witness present than the keeper himself at the time when the fact occurred, was by the keeper taking an oath before Jehovah, that is to say, before the judicial court. And if he took the oath, the master (owner) of it (the animal that had perished, or been lost or injured) was to accept (sc., the oath), and he (the accused) was not to make reparation. "But if it had been stolen מעמּו from with him (i.e., from his house or stable), he was to make it good," because he might have prevented this with proper care (cf. Genesis 31:39). On the other hand, if it had been torn in pieces (viz., by a beast of prey, while it was out at grass), he was not to make any compensation, but only to furnish a proof that he had not been wanting in proper care. עד יבאהוּ "let him bring it as a witness," viz., the animal that had been torn in pieces, or a portion of it, from which it might be seen that he had chased the wild beast to recover its prey (cf. 1 Samuel 17:34-35; Amos 3:12).

Exodus 22:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Leviticus 18:23,25 Neither shall you lie with any beast to defile yourself therewith: neither shall any woman stand before a beast to lie down thereto...

Leviticus 20:15,16 And if a man lie with a beast, he shall surely be put to death: and you shall slay the beast...

Deuteronomy 27:21 Cursed be he that lies with any manner of beast. And all the people shall say, Amen.

Cross References
Leviticus 18:23
And you shall not lie with any animal and so make yourself unclean with it, neither shall any woman give herself to an animal to lie with it: it is perversion.

Leviticus 20:15
If a man lies with an animal, he shall surely be put to death, and you shall kill the animal.

Leviticus 20:16
If a woman approaches any animal and lies with it, you shall kill the woman and the animal; they shall surely be put to death; their blood is upon them.

Deuteronomy 27:21
"'Cursed be anyone who lies with any kind of animal.' And all the people shall say, 'Amen.'

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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