Exodus 24:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Moses alone shall come near to the LORD, but the others shall not come near, and the people shall not come up with him.”

King James Bible
And Moses alone shall come near the LORD: but they shall not come nigh; neither shall the people go up with him.

American Standard Version
and Moses alone shall come near unto Jehovah; but they shall not come near; neither shall the people go up with him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Moses alone shall come up to the Lord, but they shall not come nigh; neither shall the people come up with him.

English Revised Version
and Moses alone shall come near unto the LORD; but they shall not come near; neither shall the people go up with him.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Moses alone shall come near the LORD: but they shall not come nigh; neither shall the people go up with him.

Exodus 24:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

In addition to the fear of God, hornets (הצּרעה construed as a generic word with the collective article), a very large species of wasp, that was greatly dreaded both by man and beast on account of the acuteness of its sting, should come and drive out the Canaanites, of whom three tribes are mentioned instar omnium, from before the Israelites. Although it is true that Aelian (hist. anim. 11, 28) relates that the Phaselians, who dwelt near the Solymites, and therefore probably belonged to the Canaanites, were driven out of their country by wasps, and Bochart (Hieroz. iii. pp. 409ff.) has collected together accounts of different tribes that have been frightened away from their possessions by frogs, mice, and other vermin, "the sending of hornets before the Israelites" is hardly to be taken literally, not only because there is not a word in the book of Joshua about the Canaanites being overcome and exterminated in any such way, but chiefly on account of Joshua 24:12, where Joshua says that God sent the hornet before them, and drove out the two kings of the Amorites, referring thereby to their defeat and destruction by the Israelites through the miraculous interposition of God, and thus placing the figurative use of the term hornet beyond the possibility of doubt. These hornets, however, which are very aptly described in Wis. 12:8, on the basis of this passage, as προδρόμους, the pioneers of the army of Jehovah, do not denote merely varii generis mala, as Rosenmller supposes, but acerrimos timoris aculeos, quibus quodammodo volantibus rumoribus pungebantur, ut fugerent (Augustine, quaest. 27 in Jos.). If the fear of God which fell upon the Canaanites threw them into such confusion and helpless despair, that they could not stand before Israel, but turned their backs towards them, the stings of alarm which followed this fear would completely drive them away. Nevertheless God would not drive them away at once, "in one year," lest the land should become a desert for want of men to cultivate it, and the wild beasts should multiply against Israel; in other words, lest the beasts of prey should gain the upper hand and endanger the lives of man and beast (Leviticus 26:22; Ezekiel 14:15, Ezekiel 14:21), which actually was the case after the carrying away of the ten tribes (2 Kings 17:25-26). He would drive them out by degrees (מעט מעט, only used here and in Deuteronomy 7:22), until Israel was sufficiently increased to take possession of the land, i.e., to occupy the whole of the country. This promise was so far fulfilled, according to the books of Joshua and Judges, that after the subjugation of the Canaanites in the south and north of the land, when all the kings who fought against Israel had been smitten and slain and their cities captured, the entire land was divided among the tribes of Israel, in order that they might exterminate the remaining Canaanites, and take possession of those portions of the land that had not yet been conquered (Joshua 13:1-7). But the different tribes soon became weary of the task of exterminating the Canaanites, and began to enter into alliance with them, and were led astray by them to the worship of idols; whereupon God punished them by withdrawing His assistance, and they were oppressed and humiliated by the Canaanites because of their apostasy from the Lord (Judges 1 and 2).

Exodus 24:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Exodus 24:13,15,18 And Moses rose up, and his minister Joshua: and Moses went up into the mount of God...

Exodus 20:21 And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near to the thick darkness where God was.

Numbers 16:5 And he spoke to Korah and to all his company, saying, Even to morrow the LORD will show who are his, and who is holy...

Jeremiah 30:21 And their nobles shall be of themselves, and their governor shall proceed from the middle of them; and I will cause him to draw near...

Jeremiah 49:19 Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the swelling of Jordan against the habitation of the strong...

Hebrews 9:24 For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself...

Hebrews 10:21,22 And having an high priest over the house of God...

Cross References
Exodus 24:1
Then he said to Moses, "Come up to the LORD, you and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel, and worship from afar.

Exodus 24:3
Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD and all the rules. And all the people answered with one voice and said, "All the words that the LORD has spoken we will do."

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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