Exodus 25:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“You shall make a table of acacia wood. Two cubits shall be its length, a cubit its breadth, and a cubit and a half its height.

King James Bible
Thou shalt also make a table of shittim wood: two cubits shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof.

American Standard Version
And thou shalt make a table of acacia wood: two cubits'shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt make a table also of setim wood, of two cubits in length, and a cubit in breadth, and a cubit and half in height.

English Revised Version
And thou shalt make a table of acacia wood: two cubits shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou shalt also make a table of shittim wood: its length shall be two cubits, and its breadth a cubit, and its hight a cubit and a half.

Exodus 25:23 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

In addition to this, Moses was to make a capporeth (ἱλαστήριον ἐπίθεμα, lxx; propitiatorium, Vulg.), an atoning covering. The meaning operculum, lid (Ges.), cannot be sustained, notwithstanding the fact that the capporeth was placed upon the ark (Exodus 25:21) and covered the tables laid within it; for the verb כפר has not the literal signification of covering or covering up either in Kal or Piel. In Kal it only occurs in Genesis 6:14, where it means to pitch or tar; in Piel it is only used in the figurative sense of covering up sin or guilt, i.e., of making atonement. 1 Chronicles 28:11 is decisive on this point, where the holy of holies, in which the capporeth was, is called הכּפּרת בּית, which cannot possibly mean the covering-house, but must signify the house of atonement. The force of this passage is not weakened by the remark made by Delitzsch and others, to the effect that it was only in the later usage of the language that the idea of covering gave place to that of the covering up or expiation of sin; for neither in the earlier nor earliest usage of the language can the supposed primary meaning of the word be anywhere discovered. Knobel's remark has still less force, viz., that the ark must have had a lid, and it must have been called a lid. For if from the very commencement this lid had a more important purpose than that of a simple covering, it might also have received its name from this special purpose, even though this was not fully explained to the Israelites till a later period in the giving of the law (Leviticus 16:15-16). It must, however, have been obvious to every one, that it was to be something more than the mere lid of the ark, from the simple fact that it was not to be made, like the ark, of wood plated with gold, but to be made of pure gold, and to have two golden cherubs upon the top. The cherubim were to be made of gold מקשׁה (from קשׁה to turn), i.e., literally, turned work (cf. Isaiah 3:24), here, according to Onkelos, נגיד opus ductile, work beaten with the hammer and rounded, so that the figures were not solid but hollow (see Bhr, i. p. 380).

Exodus 25:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a table.

Exodus 37:10-16 And he made the table of shittim wood: two cubits was the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof...

Exodus 40:22,23 And he put the table in the tent of the congregation, on the side of the tabernacle northward, without the veil...

Leviticus 24:6 And you shall set them in two rows, six on a row, on the pure table before the LORD.

Numbers 3:31 And their charge shall be the ark, and the table, and the candlestick, and the altars...

1 Kings 7:48 And Solomon made all the vessels that pertained to the house of the LORD: the altar of gold, and the table of gold...

1 Chronicles 28:16 And by weight he gave gold for the tables of show bread, for every table; and likewise silver for the tables of silver:

2 Chronicles 4:8,19 He made also ten tables, and placed them in the temple, five on the right side, and five on the left...

Ezekiel 40:41,42 Four tables were on this side, and four tables on that side, by the side of the gate; eight tables...

Hebrews 9:2 For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the show bread...

shittim wood. Shittim wood is probably the acacia Nilotica. Jerome says that the shittim wood grown in the deserts of Arabia, and is like white thorn, as to its colour and leaves; but the tree is so large as to furnish very long planks. The wood is hard, tough, and extremely beautiful. It is thought he means the black acacia, because that is the most common tree in the deserts of Arabia. It is of the size of a large mulberry tree. The spreading branches and larger limbs are armed with thorns, which grow three together. The bark is rough; and the leaves are oblong, standing opposite each other. The flowers, though sometimes white, are generally of a bright yellow; and the fruit, which resembles a bean, is contained in pods like those of the lupin. The acacia being by much the largest and most common tree in the deserts, says Dr. Shaw. We have some reason to conjecture that the shittim wood was the wood of the acacia, especially as its flowers are of an excellent smell; for the shittah tree is, in Is.

41:19, joined with the myrtle and other fragrant shrubs. It may be remarked, that of the two Hebrew names, shittim is masculine, and shittah feminine. So Mr. Bruce says, 'the male is called saiel; from its proceeds the gula Arabic, on incision with an axe.'

Cross References
Hebrews 9:2
For a tent was prepared, the first section, in which were the lampstand and the table and the bread of the Presence. It is called the Holy Place.

Exodus 35:13
the table with its poles and all its utensils, and the bread of the Presence;

Exodus 37:10
He also made the table of acacia wood. Two cubits was its length, a cubit its breadth, and a cubit and a half its height.

Numbers 3:31
And their guard duty involved the ark, the table, the lampstand, the altars, the vessels of the sanctuary with which the priests minister, and the screen; all the service connected with these.

Ezekiel 41:22
an altar of wood, three cubits high, two cubits long, and two cubits broad. Its corners, its base, and its walls were of wood. He said to me, "This is the table that is before the LORD."

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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