Exodus 28:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And you shall set the two stones on the shoulder pieces of the ephod, as stones of remembrance for the sons of Israel. And Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD on his two shoulders for remembrance.

King James Bible
And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulders of the ephod for stones of memorial unto the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD upon his two shoulders for a memorial.

American Standard Version
And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulder-pieces of the ephod, to be stones of memorial for the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before Jehovah upon his two shoulders for a memorial.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And thou shalt put them in both sides of the ephod, a memorial for the children of Israel. And Aaron shall bear their names before the Lord upon both shoulders, for a remembrance.

English Revised Version
And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulderpieces of the ephod, to be stones of memorial for the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD upon his two shoulders for a memorial.

Webster's Bible Translation
And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulders of the ephod for stones of memorial to the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD upon his two shoulders for a memorial.

Exodus 28:12 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The first part mentioned of Aaron's holy dress, i.e., of the official dress of the high priest, is the ephod. The etymology of this word is uncertain; the Sept. rendering is ἐπωμίς (Vulg. superhumerale, shoulder-dress; Luther, "body-coat"). It was to be made of gold, hyacinth, etc., artistically woven, - of the same material, therefore, as the inner drapery and curtain of the tabernacle; but instead of having the figures of cherubim woven into it, it was to be worked throughout with gold, i.e., with gold thread. According to Exodus 39:3, the gold plates used for the purpose were beaten out, and then threads were cut (from them), to be worked into the hyacinth, purple, scarlet, and byssus. It follows from this, that gold threads were taken for every one of these four yearns, and woven with them.

(Note: The art of weaving fabrics with gold thread (cf. Plin. h. n. 33, c. 3, s. 19, "aurum netur ac texitur lanae modo et sine lana"), was known in ancient Egypt. "Among the coloured Egyptian costumes which are represented upon the monuments, there are some that are probably woven with gold thread." - Wilkinson 3, 131. Hengstenberg, Egypt, etc., p. 140.)

Exodus 28:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the shoulders

Exodus 28:7 It shall have the two shoulder pieces thereof joined at the two edges thereof; and so it shall be joined together.

Psalm 89:19 Then you spoke in vision to your holy one, and said, I have laid help on one that is mighty...

Isaiah 9:6 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given: and the government shall be on his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful...

Isaiah 12:2 Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the LORD JEHOVAH is my strength and my song...

Zechariah 6:13,14 Even he shall build the temple of the LORD; and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule on his throne...

Hebrews 7:25-28 Why he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come to God by him, seeing he ever lives to make intercession for them...

Aaron shall bear

Exodus 28:29 And Aaron shall bear the names of the children of Israel in the breastplate of judgment on his heart, when he goes in to the holy place...

Exodus 39:6,7 And they worked onyx stones enclosed in ouches of gold, graven, as signets are graven, with the names of the children of Israel...

for a memorial

Exodus 12:14 And this day shall be to you for a memorial; and you shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations...

Exodus 13:9 And it shall be for a sign to you on your hand, and for a memorial between your eyes, that the LORD's law may be in your mouth...

Exodus 39:7 And he put them on the shoulders of the ephod, that they should be stones for a memorial to the children of Israel...

Genesis 9:12-17 And God said, This is the token of the covenant which I make between me and you and every living creature that is with you...

Leviticus 24:7 And you shall put pure frankincense on each row, that it may be on the bread for a memorial, even an offering made by fire to the LORD.

Numbers 16:40 To be a memorial to the children of Israel, that no stranger, which is not of the seed of Aaron...

Numbers 31:54 And Moses and Eleazar the priest took the gold of the captains of thousands and of hundreds...

Joshua 4:7 Then you shall answer them, That the waters of Jordan were cut off before the ark of the covenant of the LORD...

Isaiah 62:6 I have set watchmen on your walls, O Jerusalem, which shall never hold their peace day nor night: you that make mention of the LORD...

Zechariah 6:14 And the crowns shall be to Helem, and to Tobijah, and to Jedaiah, and to Hen the son of Zephaniah...

Luke 1:54,72 He has helped his servant Israel, in remembrance of his mercy...

Acts 10:4 And when he looked on him, he was afraid, and said, What is it, Lord? And he said to him...

Cross References
1 Corinthians 11:24
and when he had given thanks, he broke it, and said, "This is my body, which is for you. Do this in remembrance of me."

Exodus 28:11
As a jeweler engraves signets, so shall you engrave the two stones with the names of the sons of Israel. You shall enclose them in settings of gold filigree.

Exodus 28:29
So Aaron shall bear the names of the sons of Israel in the breastpiece of judgment on his heart, when he goes into the Holy Place, to bring them to regular remembrance before the LORD.

Exodus 39:6
They made the onyx stones, enclosed in settings of gold filigree, and engraved like the engravings of a signet, according to the names of the sons of Israel.

Exodus 39:7
And he set them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod to be stones of remembrance for the sons of Israel, as the LORD had commanded Moses.

Leviticus 24:7
And you shall put pure frankincense on each pile, that it may go with the bread as a memorial portion as a food offering to the LORD.

Numbers 31:54
And Moses and Eleazar the priest received the gold from the commanders of thousands and of hundreds, and brought it into the tent of meeting, as a memorial for the people of Israel before the LORD.

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