Exodus 28:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
You shall take two onyx stones, and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel,

King James Bible
And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel:

American Standard Version
And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and shalt grave on them the names of the children of Israel:

English Revised Version
And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel:

Webster's Bible Translation
And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and engrave on them the names of the children of Israel:

Exodus 28:9 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(cf. Exodus 39:1-31). Appointment and Clothing of the Priests. - Exodus 28:1, Exodus 28:5. "Let Aaron thy brother draw near to thee from among the children of Israel, and his sons with him, that he may be a priest to Me." Moses is distinguished from the people as the mediator of the covenant. Hence he was to cause Aaron and his sons to come to him, i.e., to separate them from the people, and install them as priests, or perpetual mediators between Jehovah and His people. The primary meaning of cohen, the priest, has been retained in the Arabic, where it signifies administrator alieni negotii, viz., to act as a mediator for a person, or as his plenipotentiary, from which it came to be employed chiefly in connection with priestly acts. Among the heathen Arabs it is used "maxime de hariolis vatibusque;" by the Hebrews it was mostly applied to the priests of Jehovah; and there are only a few placed in which it is used in connection with the higher officers of state, who stood next to the king, and acted as it were as mediators between the king and the nation (thus 2 Samuel 8:18; 2 Samuel 20:26; 1 Kings 4:5). For the duties of their office the priests were to receive "holy garments for glory and for honour." Before they could draw near to Jehovah the Holy One (Leviticus 11:45), it was necessary that their unholiness should be covered over with holy clothes, which were to be made by men endowed with wisdom, whom Jehovah had filled with the spirit of wisdom. "Wise-hearted," i.e., gifted with understanding and judgment; the heart being regarded as the birth-place of the thoughts. In the Old Testament wisdom is constantly used for practical intelligence in the affairs of life; here, for example, it is equivalent to artistic skill surpassing man's natural ability, which is therefore described as being filled with the divine spirit of wisdom. These clothes were to be used "to sanctify him (Aaron and his sons), that he might be a priest to Jehovah." Sanctification, as the indispensable condition of priestly service, was not merely the removal of the uncleanness which flowed from sin, but, as it were, the transformation of the natural into the glory of the image of God. In this sense the holy clothing served the priest for glory and ornament. The different portions of the priest's state-dress mentioned in Exodus 28:4 are described more fully afterwards. For making them, the skilled artists were to take the gold, the hyacinth, etc. The definite article is sued before gold and the following words, because the particular materials, which would be presented by the people, are here referred to.

Exodus 28:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

onyx

Exodus 28:20 And the fourth row a beryl, and an onyx, and a jasper: they shall be set in gold in their settings.

Exodus 39:13 And the fourth row, a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper: they were enclosed in ouches of gold in their settings.

Genesis 2:12 And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone.

Job 28:16 It cannot be valued with the gold of Ophir, with the precious onyx, or the sapphire.

grave

Exodus 28:36 And you shall make a plate of pure gold, and grave on it, like the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO THE LORD.

Exodus 39:6 And they worked onyx stones enclosed in ouches of gold, graven, as signets are graven, with the names of the children of Israel.

2 Chronicles 2:7 Send me now therefore a man cunning to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass, and in iron, and in purple, and crimson, and blue...

Songs 8:6 Set me as a seal on your heart, as a seal on your arm: for love is strong as death; jealousy is cruel as the grave...

Isaiah 49:16 Behold, I have graven you on the palms of my hands; your walls are continually before me.

Cross References
Exodus 28:8
And the skillfully woven band on it shall be made like it and be of one piece with it, of gold, blue and purple and scarlet yarns, and fine twined linen.

Exodus 28:10
six of their names on the one stone, and the names of the remaining six on the other stone, in the order of their birth.

Exodus 39:6
They made the onyx stones, enclosed in settings of gold filigree, and engraved like the engravings of a signet, according to the names of the sons of Israel.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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