Exodus 32:31
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
So Moses returned to the LORD and said, “Alas, this people has sinned a great sin. They have made for themselves gods of gold.

King James Bible
And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold.

American Standard Version
And Moses returned unto Jehovah, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And returning to the Lord, he said: I beseech thee: this people hath sinned a heinous sin, and they have made to themselves gods of gold: either forgive them this trespass,

English Revised Version
And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Moses returned to the LORD, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold.

Exodus 32:31 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Moses then turned to the unbridled nation, whom Aaron had set free from all restraint, "for a reproach among their foes," inasmuch as they would necessarily become an object of scorn and derision among the heathen on account of the punishment which their conduct would bring down upon them from God (compare Exodus 32:12 and Deuteronomy 28:37), and sought to restrain their licentiousness and ward off the threatened destruction of the nation through the infliction of a terrible punishment. If the effect of this punishment should show that there were still some remains of obedience and faithfulness towards God left in the nation, Moses might then hope, that in accordance with the pleading of Abraham in Genesis 18:23., he should obtain mercy from God for the whole nation for the sake of those who were righteous. He therefore went into the gate of the camp (the entrance to the camp) and cried out: "Whoever (belongs) to the Lord, (come) to me?" and his hope was not disappointed. "All the Levites gathered together to him." Why the Levites? Certainly not merely, nor chiefly, "because the Levites for the most part had not assented to the people's sin and the worship of the calf, but had been displeased on account of it" (C. a Lapide); but partly because the Levites were more prompt in their determination to confess their crime, and return with penitence, and partly out of regard to Moses, who belonged to their tribe, in connection with which it must be borne in mind that the resolution and example of a few distinguished men was sure to be followed by all the rest of their tribe. The reason why no one came over to the side of Moses from any of the other tribes, must also be attributed, to some extent, to the bond that existed among members of the same tribe, and is not sufficiently explained by Calvin's hypothesis, that "they were held back, not by contempt or obstinacy, so much as by shame, and that they were all so paralyzed by their alarm, that they waited to see what Moses was about to do and to what length he would proceed."

Exodus 32:31 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

returned

Exodus 34:28 And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water...

Deuteronomy 9:18,19 And I fell down before the LORD, as at the first, forty days and forty nights: I did neither eat bread, nor drink water...

sinned

Exodus 32:30 And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses said to the people, You have sinned a great sin: and now I will go up to the LORD...

Ezra 9:6,7,15 And said, O my God, I am ashamed and blush to lift up my face to you, my God: for our iniquities are increased over our head...

Nehemiah 9:33 However, you are just in all that is brought on us; for you have done right, but we have done wickedly:

Daniel 9:5,8,11 We have sinned, and have committed iniquity, and have done wickedly, and have rebelled...

made

Exodus 20:4,23 You shall not make to you any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath...

Cross References
Exodus 20:23
You shall not make gods of silver to be with me, nor shall you make for yourselves gods of gold.

Nehemiah 9:18
Even when they had made for themselves a golden calf and said, 'This is your God who brought you up out of Egypt,' and had committed great blasphemies,

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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