Exodus 34:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
All that open the womb are mine, all your male livestock, the firstborn of cow and sheep.

King James Bible
All that openeth the matrix is mine; and every firstling among thy cattle, whether ox or sheep, that is male.

American Standard Version
All that openeth the womb is mine; and all thy cattle that is male, the firstlings of cow and sheep.

Douay-Rheims Bible
All of the male kind, that openeth the womb, shall be mine. Of all beasts, both of oxen and of sheep, it shall be mine.

English Revised Version
All that openeth the womb is mine; and all thy cattle that is male, the firstlings of ox and sheep.

Webster's Bible Translation
Every first-born is mine: and every firstling among thy cattle, whether ox or sheep, that is male.

Exodus 34:19 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

To recall the duties of the covenant once more to the minds of the people, the Lord repeats from among the rights of Israel, upon the basis of which the covenant had been established (ch. 21-23), two of the leading points which determined the attitude of the nation towards Him, and which constituted, as it were, the main pillars that were to support the covenant about to be renewed. These were, first, the warning against every kind of league with the Canaanites, who were to be driven out before the Israelites (Exodus 34:11-16); and, secondly, the instructions concerning the true worship of Jehovah (Exodus 34:17-26). The warning against friendship with the idolatrous Canaanites (Exodus 34:11-16) is more fully developed and more strongly enforced than in Exodus 23:23. The Israelites, when received into the covenant with Jehovah, were not only to beware of forming any covenant with the inhabitants of Canaan (cf. Exodus 23:32-33), but were to destroy all the signs of their idolatrous worship, such as altars, monuments (see Exodus 23:24), and asherim, the idols of Astarte, the Canaanitish goddess of nature, which consisted for the most part of wooden pillars (see my Comm. on 1 Kings 14:23), and to worship no other god, because Jehovah was called jealous, i.e., had revealed Himself as jealous (see at Exodus 20:5), and was a jealous God. This was commanded, that the Israelites might not suffer themselves to be led astray by such an alliance; to go a whoring after their gods, and sacrifice to them, to take part in their sacrificial festivals, or to marry their sons to the daughters of the Canaanites, by whom they would be persuaded to join in the worship of idols. The use of the expression "go a whoring" in a spiritual sense, in relation to idolatry, is to be accounted for on the ground, that the religious fellowship of Israel with Jehovah was a covenant resembling the marriage tie; and we meet with it for the first time, here, immediately after the formation of this covenant between Israel and Jehovah. The phrase is all the more expressive on account of the literal prostitution that was frequently associated with the worship of Baal and Astarte (cf. Leviticus 17:7; Leviticus 20:5-6; Numbers 14:33, etc.). We may see from Numbers 25:1. how Israel was led astray by this temptation in the wilderness.

Exodus 34:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

openeth

Exodus 13:2,12 Sanctify to me all the firstborn, whatever opens the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of beast: it is mine...

Exodus 22:29 You shall not delay to offer the first of your ripe fruits, and of your liquors: the firstborn of your sons shall you give to me.

Numbers 18:15-17 Every thing that opens the matrix in all flesh, which they bring to the LORD, whether it be of men or beasts, shall be yours...

Ezekiel 44:30 And the first of all the first fruits of all things, and every oblation of all, of every sort of your oblations, shall be the priest's...

Luke 2:23 (As it is written in the law of the LORD, Every male that opens the womb shall be called holy to the Lord;)

Cross References
Exodus 13:2
"Consecrate to me all the firstborn. Whatever is the first to open the womb among the people of Israel, both of man and of beast, is mine."

Exodus 13:12
you shall set apart to the LORD all that first opens the womb. All the firstborn of your animals that are males shall be the LORD's.

Exodus 22:29
"You shall not delay to offer from the fullness of your harvest and from the outflow of your presses. The firstborn of your sons you shall give to me.

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Belongs Birth Born Cattle Child Cow First Firstborn First-Born Firstling Firstlings Flock Herd Including Livestock Male Males Matrix Offspring Openeth Opening Opens Ox Sanctify Sheep Whether Womb
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Belongs Birth Born Cattle Child Cow First Firstborn First-Born Firstling Firstlings Flock Herd Including Livestock Male Males Matrix Offspring Openeth Opening Opens Ox Sanctify Sheep Whether Womb
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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