Ezekiel 33:31
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And they come to you as people come, and they sit before you as my people, and they hear what you say but they will not do it; for with lustful talk in their mouths they act; their heart is set on their gain.

King James Bible
And they come unto thee as the people cometh, and they sit before thee as my people, and they hear thy words, but they will not do them: for with their mouth they shew much love, but their heart goeth after their covetousness.

American Standard Version
And they come unto thee as the people cometh, and they sit before thee as my people, and they hear thy words, but do them not; for with their mouth they show much love, but their heart goeth after their gain.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they come to thee, as if a people were coming in, and my people sit before thee: and hear thy words, and do them not: for they turn them into a song of their mouth, and their heart goeth after their covetousness.

English Revised Version
And they come unto thee as the people cometh, and they sit before thee as my people, and they hear thy words, but do them not: for with their mouth they shew much love, but their heart goeth after their gain.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they come to thee as the people come, and they sit before thee as my people, and they hear thy words, but they will not do them: for with their mouth they show much love, but their heart goeth after their covetousness.

Ezekiel 33:31 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Fourth strophe. - Ezekiel 32:26. There is Meshech-Tubal and all its multitude, its graves round about it; all of them uncircumcised, slain in with the sword, because they spread terror before them in the land of the living. Ezekiel 32:27. They lie not with the fallen heroes of uncircumcised men, who went down into hell with their weapons of war, whose swords they laid under their heads; their iniquities have come upon their bones, because they were a terror of the heroes in the land of the living. Ezekiel 32:28. Thou also wilt be dashed to pieces among uncircumcised men, and lie with those slain with the sword. - משׁך and תּבל, the Moschi and Tibareni of the Greeks (see the comm. on Ezekiel 27:13), are joined together ἀσυνδετῶς here as one people or heathen power; and Ewald, Hitzig, and others suppose that the reference is to the Scythians, who invaded the land in the time of Josiah, and the majority of whom had miserably perished not very long before (Herod. i. 106). But apart from the fact that the prophets of the Old Testament make no allusion to any invasion of Palestine by the Scythians (see Minor Prophets, vol. ii. p. 124, Eng. transl.), this view is founded entirely upon the erroneous supposition that in this funeral-dirge Ezekiel mentions only such peoples as had sustained great defeats a longer or shorter time before. Meshech-Tubal comes into consideration here, as in Ezekiel 38, as a northern power, which is overcome in its conflict with the kingdom of God, and is prophetically exhibited by the prophet as having already fallen under the judgment of death. In Ezekiel 32:26 Ezekiel makes the same announcement as he has already made concerning Asshur in Ezekiel 32:22, Ezekiel 32:23, and with regard to Elam in Ezekiel 32:24, Ezekiel 32:25. But the announcement in Ezekiel 32:27 is obscure. Rosenmller, Ewald, Hvernick, and others, regard this verse as a question (ולא in the sense of הלא): "and should they not lie with (rest with) other fallen heroes of the uncircumcised, who...?" i.e., they do lie with them, and could not possibly expect a better fate. But although the interrogation is merely indicated by the tone where the language is excited, and therefore ולא might stand for הלא, as in Exodus 8:22, there is not the slightest indication of such excitement in the description given here as could render this assumption a probable one. On the contrary, ולא at the commencement of the sentence suggests the supposition that an antithesis is intended to the preceding verse. And the probability of this conjecture is heightened by the allusion made to heroes, who have descended into the nether world with their weapons of war; inasmuch as, at all events, something is therein affirmed which does not apply to all the heroes who have gone down into hell. The custom of placing the weapons of fallen heroes along with them in the grave is attested by Diod. Sic. xviii. 26; Arrian, i. 5; Virgil, Ane. vi. 233 (cf. Dougtaei Analectt. ss. i. pp. 281, 282); and, according to the ideas prevailing in ancient times, it was a mark of great respect to the dead. But the last place in which we should expect to meet with any allusion to the payment of such honour to the dead would be in connection with Meshech and Tubal, those wild hordes of the north, who were only known to Israel by hearsay. We therefore follow the Vulgate, the Rabbins, and many of the earlier commentators, and regard the verse before us as containing a declaration that the slain of Meshech-Tubal would not receive the honour of resting in the nether world along with those fallen heroes whose weapons were buried with them in the grave, because they fell with honour.

(Note: C. a Lapide has already given the true meaning: "He compares them, therefore, not with the righteous, but with the heathen, who, although uncircumcised, had met with a glorious death, i.e., they will be more wretched than these; for the latter went down to the shades with glory, but they with ignominy, as if conquered and slain.")

כּלי מלחמה, instruments of war, weapons, as in Deuteronomy 1:41. The text leaves it uncertain who they were who had been buried with such honours. The Seventy have confounded מערלים with מעולם, and rendered ,נפלים τῶν πεπτωκότων ἀπ ̓αἰῶνος possibly thinking of the gibborim of Genesis 6:4. Dathe and Hitzig propose to alter the text to this; and even Hvernick imagines that the prophet may possibly have had such passages as Genesis 6:4 and Genesis 10:9. floating before his mind. But there is not sufficient ground to warrant an alteration of the text; and if Ezekiel had had Genesis 6:4 in his mind, he would no doubt have written הגבּורים. The clause ותּהי עונותם is regarded by the more recent commentators as a continuation of the preceding 'ויּתּנוּ וגו, which is a very natural conclusion, if we simply take notice of the construction. But if we consider the sense of the words, this combination can hardly be sustained. The words, "and so were their iniquities upon their bones" (or they came upon them), can well be understood as an explanation of the reason for their descending into Sheol with their weapons, and lying upon their swords. We must therefore regard ותּהי עונותם as a continuation of ישׁכּבוּ, so that their not resting with those who were buried with their weapons of war furnishes the proof that their guilt lay upon their bones. The words, therefore, have no other meaning than the phrase ישׂאוּ כלמּתם in Ezekiel 32:24 and Ezekiel 32:30. Sin comes upon the bones when the punishment consequent upon it falls upon the bones of the sinner. In the last clause we connect גבּורים with חתּית, terror of the heroes, i.e., terrible even to heroes on account of their savage and cruel nature. In Ezekiel 32:28 we cannot take אתּה as referring to Meshech-Tubal, as many of the commentators propose. A direct address to that people would be at variance with the whole plan of the ode. Moreover, the declaration contained in the verse would contradict what precedes. As Meshech-Tubal is already lying in Sheol among the slain, according to Ezekiel 32:26, the announcement cannot be made to it for the first time here, that it is to be dashed in pieces and laid with those who are slain with the sword. It is the Egyptian who is addressed, and he is told that this fate will also fall upon him. And through this announcement, occurring in the midst of the list of peoples that have already gone down to Sheol, the design of that list is once more called to mind.

Ezekiel 33:31 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

as the people cometh [heb] according to the coming of the people

Ezekiel 8:1 And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth month, in the fifth day of the month, as I sat in my house...

Ezekiel 14:1 Then came certain of the elders of Israel to me, and sat before me.

Ezekiel 20:1 And it came to pass in the seventh year, in the fifth month, the tenth day of the month...

Luke 10:39 And she had a sister called Mary, which also sat at Jesus' feet, and heard his word.

Acts 10:33 Immediately therefore I sent to you; and you have well done that you are come. Now therefore are we all here present before God...

they sit before thee as my people. or, my people sit before thee
and they

Jeremiah 6:16,17 Thus said the LORD, Stand you in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein...

Jeremiah 43:1-7 And it came to pass, that when Jeremiah had made an end of speaking to all the people all the words of the LORD their God...

Jeremiah 44:16 As for the word that you have spoken to us in the name of the LORD, we will not listen to you.

Mark 7:24-27 And from there he arose, and went into the borders of Tyre and Sidon, and entered into an house, and would have no man know it...

Luke 6:48,49 He is like a man which built an house, and dig deep, and laid the foundation on a rock: and when the flood arose...

Luke 8:21 And he answered and said to them, My mother and my brothers are these which hear the word of God, and do it.

Luke 11:28 But he said, Yes rather, blessed are they that hear the word of God, and keep it.

James 1:22-24 But be you doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves...

for with

Deuteronomy 5:28,29 And the LORD heard the voice of your words, when you spoke to me; and the LORD said to me...

Psalm 78:36,37 Nevertheless they did flatter him with their mouth, and they lied to him with their tongues...

Isaiah 29:13 Why the Lord said, For as much as this people draw near me with their mouth, and with their lips do honor me...

James 2:14-16 What does it profit, my brothers, though a man say he has faith, and have not works? can faith save him...

1 John 3:17,18 But whoever has this world's good, and sees his brother have need, and shuts up his bowels of compassion from him...

shew much love [heb] make loves, or jests

Isaiah 28:13 But the word of the LORD was to them precept on precept, precept on precept; line on line, line on line; here a little...

Jeremiah 23:33-38 And when this people, or the prophet, or a priest, shall ask you, saying, What is the burden of the LORD? you shall then say to them...

Luke 16:14 And the Pharisees also, who were covetous, heard all these things: and they derided him.

but their

Matthew 6:24 No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one...

Matthew 13:22 He also that received seed among the thorns is he that hears the word; and the care of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches...

Matthew 19:22 But when the young man heard that saying, he went away sorrowful: for he had great possessions.

Luke 12:15-21 And he said to them, Take heed, and beware of covetousness...

Ephesians 5:5 For this you know, that no fornicator, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater...

1 Timothy 6:9,10 But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts...

Cross References
Luke 12:15
And he said to them, "Take care, and be on your guard against all covetousness, for one's life does not consist in the abundance of his possessions."

1 John 3:18
Little children, let us not love in word or talk but in deed and in truth.

Psalm 78:36
But they flattered him with their mouths; they lied to him with their tongues.

Psalm 78:37
Their heart was not steadfast toward him; they were not faithful to his covenant.

Psalm 119:36
Incline my heart to your testimonies, and not to selfish gain!

Isaiah 29:13
And the Lord said: "Because this people draw near with their mouth and honor me with their lips, while their hearts are far from me, and their fear of me is a commandment taught by men,

Jeremiah 12:2
You plant them, and they take root; they grow and produce fruit; you are near in their mouth and far from their heart.

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