Ezra 4:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And mighty kings have been over Jerusalem, who ruled over the whole province Beyond the River, to whom tribute, custom, and toll were paid.

King James Bible
There have been mighty kings also over Jerusalem, which have ruled over all countries beyond the river; and toll, tribute, and custom, was paid unto them.

American Standard Version
There have been mighty kings also over Jerusalem, who have ruled over all the country beyond the River; and tribute, custom, and toll, was paid unto them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For there have been powerful kings in Jerusalem, who hare had dominion over all the country that is beyond the river: and have received tribute, and toll and revenues.

English Revised Version
There have been mighty kings also over Jerusalem, which have ruled over all the country beyond the river; and tribute, custom, and toll, was paid unto them.

Webster's Bible Translation
There have also been mighty kings over Jerusalem, who have ruled over all countries beyond the river; and toll, tribute, and custom, was paid to them.

Ezra 4:20 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"Now, because we eat the salt of the palace, and it does not become us to see the damage of the king, we send (this letter) and make known to the king." מלח מלח, to salt salt equals to eat salt. To eat the salt of the palace is a figurative expression for: to be in the king's pay. See this interpretation vindicated from the Syriac and Persian in Gesen. thes. p. 790.

(Note: Luther, in translating "all we who destroyed the temple," follows the Rabbis, who, from the custom of scattering salt upon destroyed places, Judges 9:45, understood these words as an expression figurative of destruction, and היכלא as the temple.)

ערוה, deprivation, emptying, here injury to the royal power or revenue. אריך, participle of ארך, answering to the Hebrew ערך, means fitting, becoming.

Ezra 4:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

mighty king

1 Kings 4:21,24 And Solomon reigned over all kingdoms from the river to the land of the Philistines, and to the border of Egypt: they brought presents...

1 Chronicles 18:3 And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah to Hamath, as he went to establish his dominion by the river Euphrates.

Psalm 72:8 He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river to the ends of the earth.

beyond

Ezra 4:16 We certify the king that, if this city be built again, and the walls thereof set up...

Genesis 15:18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, To your seed have I given this land...

Joshua 1:3,4 Every place that the sole of your foot shall tread on, that have I given to you, as I said to Moses...

toll

1 Chronicles 18:6,13 Then David put garrisons in Syriadamascus; and the Syrians became David's servants, and brought gifts...

1 Chronicles 19:19 And when the servants of Hadarezer saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they made peace with David...

2 Chronicles 9:14,23,24 Beside that which chapmen and merchants brought...

2 Chronicles 17:11 Also some of the Philistines brought Jehoshaphat presents, and tribute silver; and the Arabians brought him flocks...

2 Chronicles 26:7,8 And God helped him against the Philistines, and against the Arabians that dwelled in Gurbaal, and the Mehunims...

Cross References
Matthew 9:9
As Jesus passed on from there, he saw a man called Matthew sitting at the tax booth, and he said to him, "Follow me." And he rose and followed him.

Genesis 15:18
On that day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, "To your offspring I give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates,

Joshua 1:4
From the wilderness and this Lebanon as far as the great river, the river Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites to the Great Sea toward the going down of the sun shall be your territory.

1 Kings 4:21
Solomon ruled over all the kingdoms from the Euphrates to the land of the Philistines and to the border of Egypt. They brought tribute and served Solomon all the days of his life.

1 Chronicles 18:3
David also defeated Hadadezer king of Zobah-Hamath, as he went to set up his monument at the river Euphrates.

Ezra 4:13
Now be it known to the king that if this city is rebuilt and the walls finished, they will not pay tribute, custom, or toll, and the royal revenue will be impaired.

Ezra 4:19
And I made a decree, and search has been made, and it has been found that this city from of old has risen against kings, and that rebellion and sedition have been made in it.

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Countries Country Custom Forced Further Goods Governing Great Impost Jerusalem Kings Mighty Paid Payments Powerful Province Provinces River Ruled Rulers Ruling Tax Taxes Toll Trans-Euphrates Tribute Whole
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Countries Country Custom Forced Further Goods Governing Great Impost Jerusalem Kings Mighty Paid Payments Powerful Province Provinces River Ruled Rulers Ruling Tax Taxes Toll Trans-Euphrates Tribute Whole
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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