Galatians 1:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But I saw none of the other apostles except James the Lord’s brother.

King James Bible
But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's brother.

American Standard Version
But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's brother.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But other of the apostles I saw none, saving James the brother of the Lord.

English Revised Version
But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's brother.

Webster's Bible Translation
But I saw no other of the apostles, save James the Lord's brother.

Weymouth New Testament
I saw none of the other Apostles, except James, the Lord's brother.

Galatians 1:19 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Save James (εἰ μὴ)

With the usual exceptive sense. I saw none save James. Not, I saw none other of the apostles, but I saw James. James is counted as an apostle, though not reckoned among the twelve. For Paul's use of "apostle," see on 1 Thessalonians 1:1, and comp. 1 Corinthians 15:4-7.

The Lord's brother

Added in order to distinguish him from James the son of Zebedee (Matthew 4:21; Matthew 10:2; Mark 10:35), who was still living, and from James the son of Alphaeus (Matthew 10:3). The Lord's brother means that James was a son of Joseph and Mary. This view is known as the Helvidian theory, from Helvidius, a layman of Rome, who wrote, about 380, a book against mariolatry and ascetic celibacy. The explanations which differ from that of Helvidius have grown, largely, out of the desire to maintain the perpetual virginity of Mary. Jerome has given his name to a theory known as the Hieronymian put forth in reply to Helvidius, about 383, according to which the brethren of the Lord were the sons of his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Alphaeus or Clopas, and therefore Jesus' cousins. A third view bears the name of Epiphanius, Bishop of Salamis in Cyprus (ob. 404), and is that the Lord's brothers were sons of Joseph by a former wife.

Galatians 1:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

James.

Matthew 10:3 Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus;

Mark 3:18 And Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus...

Luke 6:15 Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes,

Acts 1:13 And when they were come in, they went up into an upper room, where stayed both Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, Philip...

James the son of Alphaeus.

James 1:1 James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting.

Jude 1:1 Jude, the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to them that are sanctified by God the Father, and preserved in Jesus Christ...

the Lord's.

Matthew 13:55 Is not this the carpenter's son? is not his mother called Mary? and his brothers, James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas?

Mark 6:3 Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon?...

1 Corinthians 9:5 Have we not power to lead about a sister, a wife, as well as other apostles, and as the brothers of the Lord, and Cephas?

Cross References
Matthew 12:46
While he was still speaking to the people, behold, his mother and his brothers stood outside, asking to speak to him.

Acts 12:17
But motioning to them with his hand to be silent, he described to them how the Lord had brought him out of the prison. And he said, "Tell these things to James and to the brothers." Then he departed and went to another place.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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