Galatians 3:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Now before faith came, we were held captive under the law, imprisoned until the coming faith would be revealed.

King James Bible
But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.

American Standard Version
But before faith came, we were kept in ward under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But before the faith came, we were kept under the law shut up, unto that faith which was to be revealed.

English Revised Version
But before faith came, we were kept in ward under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.

Webster's Bible Translation
But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up to the faith which should afterwards be revealed.

Weymouth New Testament
Before this faith came, we Jews were perpetual prisoners under the Law, living under restraints and limitations in preparation for the faith which was soon to be revealed.

Galatians 3:23 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

But the office of the law as a jailer was designed to be only temporary, until the time when faith should come. It was to hold in custody those who were subjected to sin, so that they should not escape the consciousness of their sins and of their liability to punishment.

Faith (τὴν πίστιν)

The subjective faith in Christ which appropriates the promise. See on Galatians 1:23.

We were kept (ἐφρουρούμεθα)

Better, kept in ward, continuing the figure in shut up, Galatians 3:22. The imperfect tense indicates the continued activity of the law as a warder.

Under the law (ὑπὸ νόμον)

Const. with were kept in ward, not with shut up. We were shut up with the law as a warder, not for protection, but to guard against escape. Comp. Wisd. 17:15. The figure of the law as pedagogue (Galatians 3:24) is not anticipated. The law is conceived, not as the prison, but as the warder, the Lord or despot, the power of sin (see 1 Corinthians 15:56; Romans 7), by whom those who belong to sin are kept under lock and key - under moral captivity, without possibility of liberation except through faith.

Shut up unto the faith (συνκλειόμενοι εἰς τὴν πίστιν)

Εἰς unto or for expresses the object of keeping in ward. It is not temporal, until, which is a rare usage in N.T., but with a view to our passing into the state of faith.

Which should afterwards be revealed (μέλλουσαν - ἀποκαλυφθῆναι)

The position of μέλλουσαν emphasizes the future state of things to which the earlier conditions pointed. The faith was first revealed at the coming of Christ and the gospel.

Galatians 3:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

faith came.

Galatians 3:19,24,25 Why then serves the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made...

Galatians 4:1-4 Now I say, That the heir, as long as he is a child, differs nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all...

Hebrews 12:2 Looking to Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame...

under.

Galatians 4:4,5,21 But when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law...

Galatians 5:18 But if you be led of the Spirit, you are not under the law.

Romans 3:19 Now we know that what things soever the law said, it said to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped...

Romans 6:14,15 For sin shall not have dominion over you: for you are not under the law, but under grace...

1 Corinthians 9:20,21 And to the Jews I became as a Jew, that I might gain the Jews; to them that are under the law, as under the law...

the faith.

Luke 10:23,24 And he turned him to his disciples, and said privately, Blessed are the eyes which see the things that you see...

Hebrews 11:13,39,40 These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them...

1 Peter 1:11,12 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify...

Cross References
John 3:34
For he whom God has sent utters the words of God, for he gives the Spirit without measure.

Romans 11:32
For God has consigned all to disobedience, that he may have mercy on all.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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