Galatians 4:26
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But the Jerusalem above is free, and she is our mother.

King James Bible
But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all.

American Standard Version
But the Jerusalem that is above is free, which is our mother.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But that Jerusalem, which is above, is free: which is our mother.

English Revised Version
But the Jerusalem that is above is free, which is our mother.

Webster's Bible Translation
But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all.

Weymouth New Testament
But the Jerusalem which is above is free, and *she* is *our* mother.

Galatians 4:26 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Jerusalem which is above (ἡ ἄνω Ἱερουσαλὴμ)

Paul uses the Hebrew form Ἱερουσαλὴμ in preference to the Greek Ἱεροσόλυμα, which occurs Galatians 1:17, Galatians 1:18; Galatians 2:1. The phrase Jerusalem which is above was familiar to the rabbinical teachers, who conceived the heavenly Jerusalem as the archetype of the earthly. On the establishment of Messiah's kingdom, the heavenly archetype would be let down to earth, and would be the capital of the messianic theocracy. Comp. Hebrews 11:10; Hebrews 12:22; Hebrews 13:14; Revelation 3:12, Revelation 21:2. Paul here means the messianic kingdom of Christ, partially realized in the Christian church, but to be fully realized only at the second coming of the Lord. For ἄνω, comp. Philippians 3:14; Colossians 3:1, Colossians 3:2.

Free (ἐλευθέρα)

Independent of the Mosaic law; in contrast with the earthly Jerusalem, which, like Hagar, is in bondage. The Jerusalem above therefore answers to Sarah.

Which is (ἥτις ἐστὶν)

The double relative refers to the Jerusalem which is above, not to free. That Jerusalem, as that which is our mother, is free.

The mother of us all

Render, our mother. Πάντων all does not belong in the text.

Galatians 4:26 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Jerusalem.

Psalm 87:3-6 Glorious things are spoken of you, O city of God. Selah...

Isaiah 2:2,3 And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the LORD's house shall be established in the top of the mountains...

Isaiah 52:9 Break forth into joy, sing together, you waste places of Jerusalem: for the LORD has comforted his people, he has redeemed Jerusalem.

Isaiah 62:1,2 For Zion's sake will I not hold my peace, and for Jerusalem's sake I will not rest...

Isaiah 65:18 But be you glad and rejoice for ever in that which I create: for, behold, I create Jerusalem a rejoicing, and her people a joy.

Isaiah 66:10 Rejoice you with Jerusalem, and be glad with her, all you that love her: rejoice for joy with her, all you that mourn for her:

Joel 3:17 So shall you know that I am the LORD your God dwelling in Zion, my holy mountain: then shall Jerusalem be holy...

Micah 4:1,2 But in the last days it shall come to pass, that the mountain of the house of the LORD shall be established in the top of the mountains...

Philippians 3:20 For our conversation is in heaven; from where also we look for the Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ:

Hebrews 12:22 But you are come to mount Sion, and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels,

Revelation 3:12 Him that overcomes will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write on him the name of my God...

Revelation 21:2,10-27 And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband...

free.

Galatians 4:22 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a female slave, the other by a free woman.

Galatians 5:1 Stand fast therefore in the liberty with which Christ has made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.

John 8:36 If the Son therefore shall make you free, you shall be free indeed.

Romans 6:14,18 For sin shall not have dominion over you: for you are not under the law, but under grace...

1 Peter 2:16 As free, and not using your liberty for a cloak of maliciousness, but as the servants of God.

mother.

Songs 8:1,2 O that you were as my brother, that sucked the breasts of my mother! when I should find you without, I would kiss you; yes...

Isaiah 50:1 Thus said the LORD, Where is the bill of your mother's divorce, whom I have put away?...

Hosea 2:2,5 Plead with your mother, plead: for she is not my wife, neither am I her husband...

Hosea 4:5 Therefore shall you fall in the day, and the prophet also shall fall with you in the night, and I will destroy your mother.

Revelation 17:5 And on her forehead was a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.

Cross References
Galatians 4:25
Now Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia; she corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children.

Hebrews 12:22
But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels in festal gathering,

Revelation 3:12
The one who conquers, I will make him a pillar in the temple of my God. Never shall he go out of it, and I will write on him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, the new Jerusalem, which comes down from my God out of heaven, and my own new name.

Revelation 12:1
And a great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars.

Revelation 21:2
And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.

Revelation 21:10
And he carried me away in the Spirit to a great, high mountain, and showed me the holy city Jerusalem coming down out of heaven from God,

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