Galatians 4:6
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, “Abba! Father!”

King James Bible
And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.

American Standard Version
And because ye are sons, God sent forth the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, Abba, Father.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And because you are sons, God hath sent the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying: Abba, Father.

English Revised Version
And because ye are sons, God sent forth the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, Abba, Father.

Webster's Bible Translation
And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.

Weymouth New Testament
And because you are sons, God has sent out the Spirit of His Son to enter your hearts and cry "Abba! our Father!"

Galatians 4:6 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Because ye are sons (ὅτι)

For ὅτι in this sense at the beginning of a clause see Romans 9:7; 1 Corinthians 12:15; John 15:19; John 20:29. The emphasis is on sons. The spirit would not be given is ye were not sons. Others take ὅτι as demonstrative, as a proof that ye are sons; but examples of such usage are wanting. It is not a proof of the fact of sonship that the apostle is giving, but a consequence of it. Comp. Romans 8:16, where the witness of the Spirit attests the sonship.

The Spirit of his Son

The Holy Spirit which animated Jesus in his human life, and which, in the risen Christ, is the life-principle of believers. See 1 Corinthians 15:45, and comp. Romans 8:9-11. The Holy Spirit is called the Spirit of Christ, Romans 8:9, Romans 8:10, where Paul uses Spirit of God, Spirit of Christ and Christ as convertible terms. The phrase Spirit of Jesus Christ only Philippians 1:19. In John 3:34 Christ is represented as dispensing the Spirit. He is fully endowed with the Spirit (Mark 1:10; John 1:32): he sends the Spirit from the Father to the disciples, and he is the burden of the Spirit's testimony (John 15:26; John 16:7, John 16:9, John 16:10, John 16:15). The Paraclete is given in answer to Christ's prayer (John 14:16). Christ identifies his own coming and presence with those of the Spirit (John 14:17, John 14:18). Paul identifies him personally with the Spirit (2 Corinthians 3:17).

Our hearts

Note the interchange of persons: we might receive, ye are sons, our hearts. Comp. Romans 7:4.

Crying (κρᾶζον)

A strong word, expressing deep emotion. The verb originally represents the sound of a croak or harsh scream; thence, generally, an inarticulate cry; an exclamation of fear or pain. The cry of an animal. So Aristoph. Knights, 1017, of the barking of a dog: 285, 287, of two men in a quarrel, trying to bawl each other down: Frogs, 258, of the croaking of frogs. This original sense appears in N.T. usage, as Matthew 14:26; Matthew 15:23; Matthew 27:50; Mark 5:5, etc., and is recognized even where the word is used in connection with articulate speech, by adding to it the participles λέγων, λέγοντες saying, or διδάσκων teaching. See Matthew 8:29; Matthew 15:22; Mark 3:11; John 7:28, etc. In Mark 10:47 the inarticulate cry and the articulate utterance are distinguished. At the same time, the word is often used of articulate speech without such additions, as Mark 10:48; Mark 11:9; Mark 15:13, Mark 15:14; Luke 18:39; Acts 7:60; Acts 19:34; Romans 8:15. It falls into more dignified association in lxx, where it is often used of prayer or appeal to God, as Judges 3:9, 15; 4:3; 6:7; Psalm 21:2, 5; 27:1, 54:16; and in N.T., where it is applied to solemn, prophetic utterance, as Romans 9:27; John 1:15, and is used of Jesus himself, as John 7:28, John 7:37; John 12:44, and of the Holy Spirit, as here. The Spirit gives the inspiration of which the believer is the organ. In Romans 8:15 the statement is inverted. The believer cries under the power of the Spirit.

Abba, Father

Comp. Mark 14:36; Romans 8:15. Ὁ πατήρ the Father, is not added in order to explain the Aramaic Abba for Greek readers. Rather the whole phrase Ἁββά ὁ πατήρ had passed into the early Christian prayers, the Aramaic title by which Christ addressed his Father (Mark 14:36) being very early united with the Greek synonym. Such combinations of Hebrew and Greek addresses having the same meaning were employed in rabbinical writings. Comp. also Revelation 9:11; Revelation 12:9.

Galatians 4:6 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

God.

Luke 11:13 If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children...

John 7:39 (But this spoke he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given...

John 14:16 And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever;

Romans 5:5 And hope makes not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given to us.

Romans 8:15-17 For you have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but you have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba...

2 Corinthians 1:22 Who has also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.

Ephesians 1:13 In whom you also trusted, after that you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that you believed...

Ephesians 4:30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby you are sealed to the day of redemption.

the Spirit.

John 3:34 For he whom God has sent speaks the words of God: for God gives not the Spirit by measure to him.

John 15:26 But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send to you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceeds from the Father...

John 16:7 Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come to you...

Romans 5:5 And hope makes not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given to us.

Romans 8:9,15 But you are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you...

1 Corinthians 15:45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.

Philippians 1:19 For I know that this shall turn to my salvation through your prayer, and the supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ,

1 Peter 1:11 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify...

Revelation 19:10 And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said to me, See you do it not: I am your fellow servant...

crying.

Isaiah 44:3-5 For I will pour water on him that is thirsty, and floods on the dry ground: I will pour my spirit on your seed...

Jeremiah 3:4,19 Will you not from this time cry to me, My father, you are the guide of my youth...

Matthew 6:6-9 But you, when you pray, enter into your closet, and when you have shut your door, pray to your Father which is in secret...

Luke 11:2 And he said to them, When you pray, say, Our Father which are in heaven, Hallowed be your name. Your kingdom come. Your will be done...

Romans 8:26,27 Likewise the Spirit also helps our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought...

Ephesians 2:18 For through him we both have access by one Spirit to the Father.

Ephesians 6:18 Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit...

Hebrews 4:14-16 Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession...

Jude 1:20 But you, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost,

Cross References
Mark 14:36
And he said, "Abba, Father, all things are possible for you. Remove this cup from me. Yet not what I will, but what you will."

Acts 16:7
And when they had come up to Mysia, they attempted to go into Bithynia, but the Spirit of Jesus did not allow them.

Romans 5:5
and hope does not put us to shame, because God's love has been poured into our hearts through the Holy Spirit who has been given to us.

Romans 8:9
You, however, are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if in fact the Spirit of God dwells in you. Anyone who does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong to him.

Romans 8:15
For you did not receive the spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received the Spirit of adoption as sons, by whom we cry, "Abba! Father!"

Romans 8:16
The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God,

2 Corinthians 3:17
Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom.

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