English Standard Version
The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.
King James Bible
The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.
American Standard Version
The sons of Shem: Elam, and Asshur, and Arpachshad, and Lud, and Aram.
The sons of Sem: Elam and Assur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.
English Revised Version
The sons of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arpachshad, and Lud, and Aram.
Webster's Bible Translation
The children of Shem; Elam, and Ashur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.
Genesis 10:22 Parallel
CommentaryKeil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament
Descendants of Shem. - Genesis 10:21. For the construction, vid., Genesis 4:26. Shem is called the father of all the sons of Eber, because two tribes sprang from Eber through Peleg and Joktan, viz., the Abrahamides, and also the Arabian tribe of the Joktanides (Genesis 4:26.). - On the expression, "the brother of Japhet הגּדול," see Genesis 9:24. The names of the five sons of Shem occur elsewhere as the names of the tribes and countries; at the same time, as there is no proof that in any single instance the name was transferred from the country to its earliest inhabitants, no well-grounded objection can be offered to the assumption, which the analogy of the other descendants of Shem renders probable, that they were originally the names of individuals. As the name of a people, Elam denotes the Elymaeans, who stretched from the Persian Gulf to the Caspian Sea, but who are first met with as Persians no longer speaking a Semitic language. Asshur: the Assyrians who settled in the country of Assyria, Ἀτουρία, to the east of the Tigris, but who afterwards spread in the direction of Asia Minor. Arphaxad: the inhabitants of Ἀῤῥαπαχῖχτις in northern Assyria. The explanation given of the name, viz., "fortress of the Chaldeans" (Ewald), "highland of the Chaldeans" (Knobel), "territory of the Chaldeans" (Dietrich), are very questionable. Lud: the Lydians of Asia Minor, whose connection with the Assyrians is confirmed by the names of the ancestors of their kings. Aram: the ancestor of the Aramaeans of Syria and Mesopotamia.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Arphaxad. Heb. Arpachshad. Lud.
the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech,
To Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the elder brother of Japheth, children were born.
These are the generations of Shem. When Shem was 100 years old, he fathered Arpachshad two years after the flood.
In the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of Goiim,
with Chedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of Goiim, Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar, four kings against five.
Nevertheless, Kain shall be burned when Asshur takes you away captive."
1 Chronicles 1:17
The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram. And the sons of Aram: Uz, Hul, Gether, and Meshech.
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.