Genesis 10:31
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
These are the sons of Shem, by their clans, their languages, their lands, and their nations.

King James Bible
These are the sons of Shem, after their families, after their tongues, in their lands, after their nations.

American Standard Version
These are the sons of Shem, after their families, after their tongues, in their lands, after their nations.

Douay-Rheims Bible
These are the children of Sem according to their kindreds and tongues, and countries in their nations.

English Revised Version
These are the sons of Shem, after their families, after their tongues, in their lands, after their nations.

Webster's Bible Translation
These are the sons of Shem, after their families, after their tongues, in their lands, after their nations.

Genesis 10:31 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The settlements of these Joktanides lay "from Mesha towards Sephar the mountain of the East," Mesha is still unknown: according to Gesenius, it is Mesene on the Persian Gulf, and in Knobel's opinion, it is the valley of Bisha or Beishe in the north of Yemen; but both are very improbable. Sepher is supposed by Mesnel to be the ancient Himyaritish capital, Shafr, on the Indian Ocean; and the mountain of the East, the mountain of incense, which is situated still farther to the east. - The genealogy of the Shemites closes with Genesis 10:31, and the entire genealogy of the nations with Genesis 10:32. According to the Jewish Midrash, there are seventy tribes, with as many different languages; but this number can only be arrived at by reckoning Nimrod among the Hamites, and not only placing Peleg among the Shemites, but taking his ancestors Salah and Eber to be names of separate tribes. By this we obtain for Japhet 14, for Ham 31, and for Shem 25, - in all 70 names. The Rabbins, on the other hand, reckon 14 Japhetic, 30 Hamitic, and 26 Semitic nations; whilst the fathers make 72 in all. But as these calculations are perfectly arbitrary, and the number 70 is nowhere given or hinted at, we can neither regard it as intended, nor discover in it "the number of the divinely appointed varieties of the human race," or "of the cosmical development," even if the seventy disciples (Luke 10:1) were meant to answer to the seventy nations whom the Jews supposed to exist upon the earth.

Genesis 10:31 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Genesis 10:5,20 By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations...

Acts 17:26 And has made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and has determined the times before appointed...

Cross References
Genesis 10:30
The territory in which they lived extended from Mesha in the direction of Sephar to the hill country of the east.

Genesis 10:32
These are the clans of the sons of Noah, according to their genealogies, in their nations, and from these the nations spread abroad on the earth after the flood.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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