Genesis 14:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
In the fourteenth year Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him came and defeated the Rephaim in Ashteroth-karnaim, the Zuzim in Ham, the Emim in Shaveh-kiriathaim,

King James Bible
And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim,

American Standard Version
And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaim in Ashteroth-karnaim, and the Zuzim in Ham, and the Emim in Shaveh-kiriathaim,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And in the fourteenth year came Chodorlahomor, and the kings that were with him: and they smote the Raphaim in Astarothcarnaim, and the Zuzim with them, and the Emim in Save of Cariathaim.

English Revised Version
And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaim in Ashteroth-karnaim, and the Zuzim in Ham, and the Emim in Shaveh-kiriathaim,

Webster's Bible Translation
And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emins in Shaveh Kiriathaim,

Genesis 14:5 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

After Lot's departure, Jehovah repeated to Abram (by a mental, inward assurance, as we may infer from the fact that אמר "said" is not accompanied by ויּרא "he appeared") His promise that He would give the land to him and to his seed in its whole extent, northward, and southward, and eastward, and westward, and would make his seed innumerable like the dust of the earth. From this we may see that the separation of Lot was in accordance with the will of God, as Lot had no share in the promise of God; though God afterwards saved him from destruction for Abram's sake. The possession of the land is promised עולם עד "for ever." The promise of God is unchangeable. As the seed of Abraham was to exist before God for ever, so Canaan was to be its everlasting possession. But this applied not to the lineal posterity of Abram, to his seed according to the flesh, but to the true spiritual seed, which embraced the promise in faith, and held it in a pure believing heart. The promise, therefore, neither precluded the expulsion of the unbelieving seed from the land of Canaan, nor guarantees to existing Jews a return to the earthly Palestine after their conversion to Christ. For as Calvin justly says, "quam terra in saeculum promittitur, non simpliciter notatur perpetuitas; sed quae finem accepit in Christo." Through Christ the promise has been exalted from its temporal form to its true essence; through Him the whole earth becomes Canaan (vid., Genesis 17:8). That Abram might appropriate this renewed and now more fully expanded promise, Jehovah directed him to walk through the land in the length of it and the breadth of it. In doing this he came in his "tenting," i.e., his wandering through the land, to Hebron, where he settled by the terebinth of the Amorite Mamre (Genesis 14:13), and built an altar to Jehovah. The term ישׁב (set himself, settled down, sat, dwelt) denotes that Abram made this place the central point of his subsequent stay in Canaan (cf. Genesis 14:13; Genesis 18:1, and Genesis 23). On Hebron, see Genesis 23:2.

Genesis 14:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Rephaims.

Genesis 15:20 And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims,

Deuteronomy 3:11,20,22 For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of giants; behold his bedstead was a bedstead of iron...

2 Samuel 5:18,22 The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim...

2 Samuel 23:13 And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time to the cave of Adullam...

1 Chronicles 11:15 Now three of the thirty captains went down to the rock to David, into the cave of Adullam...

1 Chronicles 14:9 And the Philistines came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.

Isaiah 17:5 And it shall be as when the harvestman gathers the corn, and reaps the ears with his arm...

Ashteroth. The same as Ashteroth, a city of Bashan, where Og afterwards reigned.

Deuteronomy 1:4 After he had slain Sihon the king of the Amorites, which dwelled in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan...

Joshua 12:4 And the coast of Og king of Bashan, which was of the remnant of the giants, that dwelled at Ashtaroth and at Edrei,

Joshua 13:12,31 All the kingdom of Og in Bashan, which reigned in Ashtaroth and in Edrei, who remained of the remnant of the giants...

Zuzims.

Deuteronomy 2:20-23 (That also was accounted a land of giants: giants dwelled therein in old time; and the Ammonites call them Zamzummims...

1 Chronicles 4:40 And they found fat pasture and good, and the land was wide, and quiet, and peaceable; for they of Ham had dwelled there of old.

Psalm 78:51 And smote all the firstborn in Egypt; the chief of their strength in the tabernacles of Ham:

Psalm 105:23,27 Israel also came into Egypt; and Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham...

Psalm 106:22 Wondrous works in the land of Ham, and terrible things by the Red sea.

Emims.

Deuteronomy 2:10,11 The Emims dwelled therein in times past, a people great, and many, and tall, as the Anakims...

Shaveh Kiriathaim. or, the plains of Kiriathaim; Kiriathaim was beyond Jordan,

10 miles west-ward from Medeba, and afterwards belonged to Sihon, king of Heshbon.

Joshua 13:19 And Kirjathaim, and Sibmah, and Zarethshahar in the mount of the valley,

Jeremiah 48:1,23 Against Moab thus said the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Woe to Nebo! for it is spoiled: Kiriathaim is confounded and taken...

Cross References
Genesis 14:4
Twelve years they had served Chedorlaomer, but in the thirteenth year they rebelled.

Numbers 32:37
And the people of Reuben built Heshbon, Elealeh, Kiriathaim,

Deuteronomy 1:4
after he had defeated Sihon the king of the Amorites, who lived in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, who lived in Ashtaroth and in Edrei.

Deuteronomy 2:10
(The Emim formerly lived there, a people great and many, and tall as the Anakim.

Deuteronomy 2:11
Like the Anakim they are also counted as Rephaim, but the Moabites call them Emim.

Deuteronomy 3:11
(For only Og the king of Bashan was left of the remnant of the Rephaim. Behold, his bed was a bed of iron. Is it not in Rabbah of the Ammonites? Nine cubits was its length, and four cubits its breadth, according to the common cubit.)

Deuteronomy 3:13
The rest of Gilead, and all Bashan, the kingdom of Og, that is, all the region of Argob, I gave to the half-tribe of Manasseh. (All that portion of Bashan is called the land of Rephaim.

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Allied Chedorlaomer Ched-Or-Lao'mer Defeated Emim Emites Fourteenth Ham im Karnaim Kedorlaomer Kings Kiriathaim m Overcame Rephaim Reph'aim Rephaims Shaveh Side Smite Smote Struck Subdued
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