Genesis 16:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The angel of the LORD said to her, “Return to your mistress and submit to her.”

King James Bible
And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands.

American Standard Version
And the angel of Jehovah said unto her, Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the angel of the Lord said to her: Return to thy mistress, and humble thyself under her hand.

English Revised Version
And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the angel of the LORD said to her, Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands.

Genesis 16:9 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

As the promise of a lineal heir (Genesis 15:4) did not seem likely to be fulfilled, even after the covenant had been made, Sarai resolved, ten years after their entrance into Canaan, to give her Egyptian maid Hagar to her husband, that if possible she might "be built up by her," i.e., obtain children, who might found a house or family (Genesis 30:3). The resolution seemed a judicious one, and according to the customs of the East, there would be nothing wrong in carrying it out. Hence Abraham consented without opposition, because, as Malachi (Malachi 2:15) says, he sought the seed promised by God. But they were both of them soon to learn, that their thoughts were the thoughts of man and not of God, and that their wishes and actions were not in accordance with the divine promise. Sarai, the originator of the plan, was the first to experience its evil consequences. When the maid was with child by Abram, "her mistress became little in her eyes." When Sarai complained to Abram of the contempt she received from her maid (saying, "My wrong," the wrong done to me, "come upon thee," cf. Jeremiah 51:35; Genesis 27:13), and called upon Jehovah to judge between her and her husband,

(Note: בּיניך, with a point over the second Jod, to show that it is irregular and suspicious; since בּין with the singular suffix is always treated as a singular, and only with a plural suffix as plural.)

Abram gave her full power to act as mistress towards her maid, without raising the slave who was made a concubine above her position. But as soon as Sarai made her feel her power, Hagar fled. Thus, instead of securing the fulfilment of their wishes, Sarai and Abram had reaped nothing but grief and vexation, and apparently had lost the maid through their self-concerted scheme. But the faithful covenant God turned the whole into a blessing.

Genesis 16:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

submit.

Ecclesiastes 10:4 If the spirit of the ruler rise up against you, leave not your place; for yielding pacifies great offenses.

Ephesians 5:21 Submitting yourselves one to another in the fear of God.

Ephesians 6:5,6 Servants, be obedient to them that are your masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart...

Titus 2:9 Exhort servants to be obedient to their own masters, and to please them well in all things; not answering again;

1 Peter 2:18-25 Servants, be subject to your masters with all fear; not only to the good and gentle, but also to the fraudulent...

1 Peter 5:5,6 Likewise, you younger, submit yourselves to the elder. Yes, all of you be subject one to another, and be clothed with humility...

Cross References
Genesis 16:6
But Abram said to Sarai, "Behold, your servant is in your power; do to her as you please." Then Sarai dealt harshly with her, and she fled from her.

Genesis 16:8
And he said, "Hagar, servant of Sarai, where have you come from and where are you going?" She said, "I am fleeing from my mistress Sarai."

Genesis 16:10
The angel of the LORD also said to her, "I will surely multiply your offspring so that they cannot be numbered for multitude."

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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